All about pregnancy
When there is no work more important than rest
What is called "maternity leave" and why is it needed? Maybe it's worth working until the very birth?
Anna Koroleva Obstetrician-gynecologist, doctor of the association "Medicine 2000"
In our country, maternity leave is called pre-natal and post-natal leave, its official name - maternity leave.
If the pregnancy is singleton and proceeds without complications, then you can go on maternity leave at the gestation period of 30 weeks and it lasts for 140 days.
In case of multiple pregnancy, as well as pregnancy due to in vitro fertilization (conception "in vitro"), complications of the course of pregnancy and childbirth, the duration of leave increases.
Well, if the situation when a future mother needs a certain regime that does not coincide with her working schedule, arises at an earlier date? Then they give her a sick leave. And the duration of the hospital is determined by the urgent need. It happens that women spend the whole pregnancy on the sick-list.
However, if the issuance of a sick leave sheet is determined by medical evidence, all pregnant women without exception have the right to maternity leave. So why is it needed, this very "decree"?
The fact is that in the last trimester of pregnancy, the burden on the body of a woman reaches its peak. At this stage, even if the pregnancy develops without complications, the processes occurring in the body of a woman urgently require a change in her way of life. On how the last weeks of pregnancy will pass, the course of childbirth and the health of the baby largely depends. So the "decree" is not a vacation, but a job that requires high self-awareness and discipline.
Sleep during pregnancy
Pregnant should fully rest. What does this mean? A night sleep of at least 8 hours and a daytime rest is at least 1 hour a day. In recent months, most women suffer from insomnia, because of their large belly size, they can not find the optimal sleep position. Many simply can not sleep lying down, because they are tormented by heartburn and shortness of breath.
If a woman goes to work at the same time, then, as a rule, she has to get up all day, and a sleepless night is behind her. At work, you can not rest, and when you get home you can sleep or at least just lie down, it's not always possible - household chores have an unpleasant habit of accumulating in the absence of the hostess.
If the woman is on vacation, she has the opportunity to wake up not by the alarm clock, but after a good night's sleep, do not hurry to do housework, take a walk, find an hour for a day's rest. This is where the question of self-awareness and discipline comes up. Not always and not everyone wants to sleep during the day, but it is necessary at least just to lie down for an hour - it's not done for "yourself, beloved", but for a still unborn, but already beloved baby.
Walking During Pregnancy
Walking in the fresh air is necessary throughout the pregnancy, but in the last trimester it is especially important. For normal development of the baby's organs and tissues, a sufficient amount of oxygen is needed. Of course, the mother's respiratory and cardiovascular systems during pregnancy are rebuilt and "get used to" working for two, but in the last trimester they have to "work" with great overload. Walking in the last weeks of pregnancy with success replace physical exercises. During walks, the frequency and depth of breathing increases, the heart pumps large amounts of blood, which contributes to more intensive gas exchange and oxygen saturation, and this, in turn, has a beneficial effect not only on the mother's well-being, but also on the growth and development of the fetus. It is very difficult to find time for walks with a five-day working week - unless, of course, you take the walk from home to transport as a walk. And in order to regularly walk, and even for several hours, you must again be a conscious and disciplined person, because regular walks are also a kind of work.
Meals and more ...
No one, probably, will argue that the proper nutrition of a pregnant woman is of great importance for maintaining her health and normal development of the baby. Many women in the last months of pregnancy suffer from heartburn. One of the methods to combat it is frequent fractional nutrition. It is clear that in the workplace it is difficult to organize adequate nutrition - both in the frequency of meals, and in its composition.
Do not lose sight of this "delicate" moment, as the frequent need for urination, associated with the increasing pressure of the growing uterus on the bladder. The condition of public bathrooms in many places still, alas, leaves much to be desired, and not always because of various circumstances there is an opportunity to use them. Tolerate, being, as they say, "in position", very difficult. In addition, urinary tracts in pregnant women under the influence of the hormone progesterone expand, and with a filled bladder, conditions are created for transferring urine back to the kidney, which is fraught with inflammation of the renal pelvis. Back pain due to increased strain on the spine, varicose veins, which is avoided only by a small percentage of lucky ones, increased mobility of joints, impaired coordination of movements due to the outweighing belly-all this does not have to regular long trips either in public transport or driving a car .
Do not forget about the need for a weekly (starting from 32 weeks) visit to a women's consultation. There's no time to work!
It's hardly necessary to convince anyone of the need for postpartum leave. It is clear that the body after the birth needs time to recover: the discharge should stop, the sutures to heal, lactation should be established, and finally the stomach needs to recover ...
All women without exception have the right to pre- and post-natal leave, but not all use it. They are most often neglected by students who do not want to go on academic holidays and sometimes take a break in classes for only a few days that they spend in the maternity home. Often, women who occupy prestigious and well-paid positions are also gifted with maternity leave. Well, if a woman can organize herself an adequate mode of work and rest, without sacrificing either sleep, walks, or proper nutrition, without torturing herself with labor achievements, if her state of health allows her to do her work in 40 weeks, she probably can "Ignore" maternity leave. But in general, I hope, its necessity does not cause serious doubts. Pre- and post-natal leave is an absolute necessity, not a loophole for "pregnant parasites"!