About a hundred years ago, mankind learned about this concept, like vitamins. Only in 1911 was isolated a crystalline substance that was able to influence all metabolic processes occurring in the human body. The discoverer of this substance with tal is scientist Kazimir Funk, a Pole. As a "father" he gave the name to this substance - a vitamin, which in Latin means "life".
Today we have no doubt that periodically every vitamin is necessary for vitamins, regardless of age and gender. The period of pregnancy is characterized by a higher level of need for vitamins, because the woman's body starts to work for two - mother and child. The intake of vitamins, as a preparation for the soil, can begin as early as during pregnancy planning. If you replenish the stock on time - you can avoid many troubles associated with conception or the course of pregnancy.
What vitamins can I take with pregnant women?Certainly, vitamins should come to our body from the food that we eat. Therefore, you should eat more fresh fruits and vegetables. But, not always, with the help of food, it is possible to fill the normal level of vitamins in the body, and even more so, during pregnancy. To solve this problem, pharmacists admit whole vitamin complexes of synthetic origin. As a rule, in one tablet or pellets there is a daily dose of vitamins and minerals necessary for the healthy functioning of the organism of the future mother and her baby. And it is especially important and necessary to take such vitamin complexes in the first trimester of pregnancy. After all, this period is the most important. It is in the first three months that an active formation and development takes place, the formation of all organs and systems of a future child.
What threatens the lack of vitamins in the mother's body?With a lack of vitamins in the mother's body, very dangerous and serious disorders in the fetus can occur. For example, the iron deficiency of a future mother may develop into fetal hypoxia. And with a lack of calcium, the woman herself starts active tooth decay, and the child has pathologies in the formation and development of the skeleton. Lack of folic acid in the mother (vitamin B9) leads to the development of the baby vices of an innate nature. To such vices include: neural tube defects, anencephaly, hypotrophy, prematurity, hydrocephalus, and so on. As well as the consequence of a lack of folic acid, a "hare lip" or "wolf mouth" may develop in a child.
Interesting fact: in spite of the fact that folic acid is found in many foods (green leaves, beans, asparagus, citrus fruits), its chemical analog is assimilated in the body of a pregnant woman much more easily and qualitatively.Vitamin E с наступлением беременности способствует выработке нужных гормонов, которые поддерживают и сохраняют беременность в здоровом и нормальном состоянии. Vitamin E считается отличным антиоксидантом, который стимулирует работу эндокринной системы и повышает уровень ее работоспособности. Vitamin E улучшает процесс кровоснабжения в целой системе «мать - плод».
The lack of vitamin E in the mother's body can lead to spontaneous abortion (miscarriage).Vitamin C, which abound with lemon and garlic, is necessary for the process of formation of the bones, teeth and cartilaginous tissues of the fetus. It is also a support for the central nervous system of man. Deficiency of this vitamin leads to a decrease in immunity, iron deficiency anemia, and an increased risk of premature birth or abortion. Vitamins of group B help to function normally the central nervous and cardiovascular systems of the future mother's body. With their normal number, you can avoid toxicosis, hypotension. These vitamins increase appetite, help in the proper formation of bones and the development of the brain and spinal cord of the child. Lack of Vitamin B12 increases the risk of miscarriage several times. Vitamin D - it is necessary for normal growth of bone tissue in the child. Its deficiency can lead to pathologies in the development of the skeleton, and then in the state of the entire bone system. Vitamin PP is necessary for "breathing cells". The lack of this vitamin in the mother's body can negatively affect the formation of internal organs and systems of the child's body. Now an important fact about vitamins A. It must be taken with great care, since its overabundance can entail congenital malformations and disorders in any of the systems of the child's organism. Although the lack of this vitamin can affect the formation of the placental barrier negligently.
It is also important to remember that in addition to vitamins, the necessary micronutrients, macroelements and minerals are included in the complexes. Each of them is beneficial not only for the future mother, but also positively affects the development of the intrauterine fetus. It is important to take complexes in which there is calcium, sodium, phosphorus, iodine, magnesium, zinc, iron, manganese and chromium.Today the choice of multivitamin complexes is extremely wide. Being in the position of bearing a baby, you should not engage in self-medication, and start taking vitamins without doctor's recommendations. Do not risk your own and your child's health. And after receiving medical advice, try to stick to them very carefully, do not overdo it. If you consume too much vitamins, you can get a completely opposite effect, which, in turn, will turn into sad trouble.
How long should I take a multivitamin?We have already found out that all preparations in the form of vitamin and mineral complexes are important not only during pregnancy, but also before its beginning, as well as during lactation. Optimal selection of vitamins and minerals will help avoid many diseases and complications in these periods, for example, iron deficiency anemia, hypoxia, calcium deficiency, and so on.
Admission of multivitamin complexes is an excellent prevention of the development of toxicosis at any stage of pregnancy, intrauterine retardation of fetal development, premature birth, miscarriages, and other pathologies.Regular intake of vitamins by the mother will positively affect the health of her child in the future. At the same time, the risk of such diseases as rickets, anemia, and hypotrophy will be reduced to a minimum. The duration and dosage of taking multivitamin complexes will depend on the individual characteristics of the organism of each pregnant woman. And in what vitamins to take, and in what doses, and for how long - all these questions will give an exhaustive answer to the gynecologist, supervising and leading pregnancy.
In no case should you independently prescribe yourself this or that vitamin complex, and dosages. Since they are all products of pharmacology, they belong to a variety of medications, overdose of which can cause extremely serious problems and start irreversible processes in the body.