Pregnancy is a serious burden for the girl's body. Often an "interesting situation" occurs with various complications, especially when it is not the first or the future mother has chronic diseases. One such complication is varicose, which manifests itself in the lower extremities and in the pelvic region.Symptoms of varicose disease in the pelvic region are not always visible, and therefore this ailment is a serious problem for a pregnant woman. If varicose on the legs is immediately noticeable and felt, the pathological process that occurs in the pelvic organs, imperceptibly creates a threat of rupture of the veins. As a consequence - the emergence of a threat of complications during pregnancy. Varicosity in this area of the body can have consequences after childbirth. Because of the rupture of veins and bleeding, painful sensations often occur during defecation. One of the consequences is anemia.
Why there is varicose veins of the pelvis?Venous insufficiency contributes to the appearance of varicose veins. There is a hereditary predisposition of the organism to varicose veins. Pregnancy in this case becomes a start to the development of an unpleasant problem. Another theory of the appearance of varicose veins. During the "interesting situation" the amount of blood in the body of a woman is already significantly increasing in the first trimester. The maximum rates were fixed at the 36th week of pregnancy: the amount of blood increases by 40%. This volume exerts a strong pressure on the blood vessels. The cardiac muscle during the "launch" of blood from the artery gives a strong push to move it through the body. Further advancement of blood through the veins is facilitated by valvular vessels. During pregnancy, valves can not cope with the increased volume of blood. Consequence - the venous blood stagnates and is thrown back. The reason for this phenomenon is the weak muscle fibers of the veins. Stagnation of blood becomes the cause of the inflammatory process. Thus, a varicose disease of the body, including the small pelvis, is formed.
Often, varicose veins of the small pelvis form on the vulva and perineum. During pregnancy, the uterus increases and after the 36th week prevents the movement of venous blood through large vessels. Because of this, the bloodstream finds a by-pass and moves through weak small vessels. As a consequence - the fullness of the veins and the formation of varicose veins. After childbirth, often, everything returns to normal, varicose veins recede.
Symptomatic of varicose veins in the pelvic areaThis varicose disease has no clinical picture. Often this is the cause of improper diagnosis and the appointment of ineffective treatment.
About varicose disease letting know the pulling pains in the lower abdomen, the feeling of heaviness in the vulva and perineum. If varicose veins affect the bladder, the patients complain of pain during urination.Girls often do not react to such problems, because they consider this phenomenon quite natural, in view of late pregnancy.
DiagnosticsThere is only way to diagnose varicose veins of the small pelvis - instrumental research. And girls "in position" are suitable only those methods that do not affect the baby and do not harm him. In medical practice, ultrasound dopplerography is actively used. It will help not only to diagnose, but also to determine the violations in the circulation between the uterus and the placenta.
To treat varicose veins in this area can only be conservative methods. It is desirable that the patient undergoes a course under the supervision of physicians in the hospital. In the case of such a diagnosis, various phleboprotectors are prescribed for future mothers: detraleks, venoruton and ginkor-fort. But these drugs can be taken only from the third trimester of pregnancy.
Among modern methods of treatment - the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. They are prescribed to stop severe pain. Use them must be very cautious, during treatment to minimize physical stress. Doctors recommend that you keep your feet on the hill more often and wear an elastic bandage.
During pregnancy, varicose veins of the pelvis negatively affect the work of uteroplacental blood flow. Because of this, the baby receives less oxygen. The consequence of this phenomenon can be chronic fetal hypoxia. Rarely do premature births occur.Since the symptoms of blood stagnation in the small pelvis with varicose are not pronounced, for accurate diagnosis, experts recommend that the future mother undergo a vaginal ultrasound. During the study, the doctor can detect nodes and enlarged veins that have accumulated in the internal organs of the sexual sphere of a woman.
Treatment of varicose veins of the pelvic organs during pregnancyIf, according to the results of a pelvic ultrasound, the future mother was diagnosed with venous congestion, the treatment will consist in rather gentle methods. The patient will be prescribed therapeutic gymnastics and will recommend wearing elastic bandages and special stockings. To treat stagnation, no minimally invasive methods are prescribed for future mothers.
In the case when the girl is diagnosed with varicose veins, urgent measures must be taken. This is necessary to prevent the rupture of venous vessels and, consequently, extensive hemorrhage.Girls are prescribed various vein-inoculating drugs that do not cause serious side effects and can not harm either the mother or her baby. The big benefit will be from wearing socks jersey - elements of the wardrobe, which are themselves stockings or pantyhose.
Important procedure for their use: you need to wear knitwear in the early morning, when the feet are still on the bed and do not fall down. These pantyhose should be worn until the evening and removed only before bedtime. If necessary, the attending physician may appoint a future mother for the passage of therapeutic physical education.
Methods of prevention
- As soon as the girl notices at herself the first alarming signs of the disease - one must immediately consult a doctor (specialist in vascular surgery). Do not engage in self-medication, as this can lead to serious consequences.
- On the eve of childbirth, girls should perform several simple activities: not to wear heavy, to keep their feet on a hill during sleep, putting them on a small pillow, after the 30th week it is better to try to relax on one's side, adhere to a healthy lifestyle and enrich your daily diet with foods, which positively influence the timely cleansing of the intestine.
- After childbirth, a girl who suffered varicose veins in the pelvic area to avoid complications should resort to hospital knitwear.
- Even after the birth of the baby, doctors try not to prescribe medications. The reason is that their need and effectiveness for this group of patients is not fully understood.