Low placentation: what threatens, preventive measures, delivery
The placenta is low - hundreds of women hear this diagnosis in the second trimester. This pathology can be very dangerous in some cases, in others it passes without any treatment and does not cause problems. Let's understand what the placenta is, what its normal location and pathological, what pathology threatens and how to avoid problems.
The placenta is a temporary organ with the help of which the mother's organism transmits to the body of the child the substances necessary for life, displays all unnecessary and gives oxygen. In addition, the placenta produces hormones necessary for the progression of pregnancy and protects against infections. Normally, the placenta begins to develop at a distance of at least 6 cm from the internal pharynx of the uterus (the inside of the cervix), otherwise doctors diagnose "low placentation," and this poses a number of problems during pregnancy, such as bleeding and improper presentation of the fetus, which often lead to rapid delivery, and in severe cases - even to the death of the mother and child.
Why there is a low placenta previa in a pregnant woman? This pathology is more typical for women over the age of 30 who repeatedly gave birth and made abortions. Repeated inflammatory processes, neoplasms of the uterus lead to tissue degradation, and the fertilized egg has no choice but to look for the most favorable place for development, and it may just be an internal pharynx. The low location of the placenta of the cause is numerous, and every woman who cares about her health and wants to have children in the future must understand that any gynecological disease, any interference in the uterus, can lead to such dangerous consequences in the future.
But not everything is so bad, the placenta low is often up to the third trimester, but by 32 weeks itself it rises, it is associated with the growth of the uterus. According to statistics, only 5 percent of women have this pathology preserved until the very birth. In addition, not all, even the low position of the placenta retained in the last trimester during pregnancy is very dangerous for a woman and a child and serves as an absolute indication to a caesarean section. A child's place may not completely cover the inner yawn, but only touch its edge, in such cases an experienced doctor will be able to take a woman's birth naturally.
Conducting pregnancy with low placentation is always very attentive. The woman will have to go through many times ultrasound, limit physical activity and stop the sex life. For a long time, the increased tone of the uterus can provoke a detachment of the abnormally located placenta, from there and bleeding, and possibly the death of the fetus as a result of acute hypoxia if the placental abruption is large. Bleeding can provoke even a gynecological examination of the cervix, so for no apparent reason, doctors try not to conduct examinations on the chair.
Obey the doctors and hope for the best. Many women give birth alone or by cesarean section of healthy babies with low placenta previa.