Blood pressure during pregnancy
The arterial pressure of pregnant women is very keenly interested in doctors. Because the pressure does not all pregnant women is far from the classic figures of 120 to 80. What happens to the pressure of a woman who is carrying a child and why is it so concerned about medical personnel?
Low blood pressure (hypotension) during pregnancy
For almost nine months of pregnancy, almost every woman has heard at least once from her doctor: "Oh, girl, how do you walk so low in the streets?" The pressure of women expecting a baby is often lower than normal, and the cases when the tonometer shows on its scoreboard 110/70, and even completely 100/60, it is quite often. Why is this happening? There are several reasons.
Firstly, during this period the hormonal background of a woman changes very much, which entails the reorganization of all life systems, and as a result, many indicators, and not just pressure, become somewhat different than in normal life. Secondly, from the beginning of pregnancy and in the next nine months, the future mother has to feed her blood not only her own, but also the growing new organism inside her, correspondingly, she needs more blood.
And with increasing blood volume, the load on the heart and blood vessels increases. Due to all these changes, the operation of the vessels is somewhat modified, they relax and the pressure decreases. The first two trimester this situation is absolutely normal, and only to the third trimester the pressure indicators return to their original place.
There is another reason that occurs quite often. Pregnancy of many women begins with such an unpleasant phenomenon as toxicosis. Weakness, drowsiness, nausea, dizziness and a host of other symptoms seriously complicating the life of the future mother in the first trimester - all this he. A woman either can not eat, because she is always sick, or eats, but she almost feels nauseous. The organism lacks nutrients and as a consequence - the pressure goes down.
Another nuance: there are quite a few women whose usual, so-called, working pressure has been reduced all their lives, and they live peacefully with indicators 110/70 from childhood to old age, without any inconvenience. A competent doctor, starting to lead your pregnancy, will necessarily ask about your working pressure, and will consider it a decrease from this figure, rather than from the classical indicators.
But hypotension of pregnant women is not always so harmless. If your doctor pays attention to the fact that the tonometers are not very good numbers and you feel bad at the same time, your head is very dizzy, and even fainting happens, it probably makes sense to correct your pressure. If your blood pressure is lowered, but the doctor does not see anything terrible in this, there are several prescriptions. Walk more in the fresh air, eat balanced food, try not to worry in vain and do not overdo it.
Elevated blood pressure (hypertension) during pregnancy
Increased pressure occurs in the practice of doctors, leading pregnancy, is much less common, but harm is at times more than low. Than it is caused? Often it happens that the woman had hypertensive illness before pregnancy, then she must be seen with the doctor, but in this case, high pressures do not carry anything frightening - for her this is the norm. In this case, the doctor is likely to prescribe drug-lowering medications and advise as much time as possible to spend the bed in order to reduce the pressure in a natural way.
But if the pressure indicators jumped by 20-30 units and does not want to decrease, plus there were headaches, dizziness, fog and flashing flies before your eyes, nausea, pain in the epigastric region and stomach pains, or even some troubling symptoms like you can contact your doctor more quickly and begin treatment immediately.
Pressure during pregnancy: what to do?
When doctors talk about your pressure, whether high or low, you need to remember one rule: any diagnosis based on the readings of the tonometer can be made only if these indicators were unchanged as a result of two measurements at intervals of six hours (speech, of course , is only about those cases when you came to the doctor with your feet and feel relatively normal).
Pressure is a capricious thing and can rise and fall for a variety of reasons. You could overstrain yourself on the eve, sleep badly, could not bring yourself to eat a little food in the morning (those who had toxicosis, this situation is well known) - and please, low pressure is provided to you. And if, for example, you are too rushed to see a doctor and are also nervous - the tonometer can fix the pressure hanging.
There are cases in medical practice when women, especially pregnant women and, as a result, are too impressionable, pressure jumped from one kind of person in a white coat with a tonometer in their hands. To avoid such situations, buy a tonometer and keep it in your home medicine cabinet. As soon as your attending physician scores an alarm - measure the pressure yourself, at home, it's better to do it in the morning, without getting out of bed.
It is known that fresh cranberry mors effectively reduces pressure, and the pumpkin broth with honey, on the contrary, is shown to future mums-hypotonic patients. So these harmless desserts can very well come to your aid. And, of course, try not to be nervous about trifles, because the most important thing for you now is your health, which means your baby's health.