"And at me on this term all was absolutely not so!" - the girlfriend declares, and you there and then start to be nervous ... Do not worry, simply your pregnancy is not similar to any another. Why? It's all about the individual characteristics of every woman, doctors will answer.
Each pregnancy is unique, and midwives know firsthand that not all situations are described in textbooks. How events will develop depends on many factors: for example, the heredity of a woman, her chronic diseases, the state of the hormonal system, immunity, body build and even mood.
Together, all these factors are called individual characteristics of the organism; they distinguish people from each other. During pregnancy, each of these conditions may be crucial. So personal characteristics can sometimes develop into certain problems (or, as doctors say, pathologies).Apple from apple tree
Experts knowingly advise women "in a position" to find out from their mothers and grandmothers how pregnancy and childbirth took place. After all, many features of the future mother can inherit from her older relatives: for example, a predisposition to toxicosis, weakness of the cervix (Isthmiko-cervical insufficiency), fast or prolonged birth. By the way, it is worthwhile to organize a "heart-to-heart talk" with your mother-in-law - for example, if large children were often born in your husband's family, chances are that you will become a hero's mother, even if everyone in your family was miniature.The basic Law
A thin little lady, a gorgeous beauty "in the juice" or a lucky woman with ideal proportions - in each of these women, the pregnancy will develop according to a special scenario, which largely depends on the type of constitution (or, as they often say, constitutions). The three main types of physique are called asthenic, hypersthenic and normosthenic.
Representatives of the first type can boast that they do not get fat, no matter how much they eat; their bones are thin, and the volume of muscles is small. Such women often have anemia and low blood pressure, and because of this during pregnancy they may be disturbed by dizziness, weakness, fainting, and it is not easy to gain weight.
In female hypersthenics, lush forms, broad bone, and adipose tissue is larger than muscle tissue. During pregnancy, they quickly gain excess weight, and because of their propensity for increased pressure, they often face gestosis. Despite the large volumes outside, the internal capacity of the pelvis in the "pyscheachek" is often small, and births have to be done with caesarean section.
About the representatives of the "golden mean" - the normostenic physique - doctors usually say the least. After all, these are the luckiest ones who do not complain about extra centimeters or lack of muscle mass and remain in good shape even during pregnancy and after childbirth.This is normal?
In theory, doctors determine what is the norm, based on which indicators are most often observed among people of the same sex, age, and race in the same territory at the same time. However, in practice, it is impossible to fit all people "in the same comb", and hence, the variants of the norm (or individual features) are permissible. To distinguish them from signs of illness is the task of the doctor.
The individual characteristics of the organism are all that distinguish every future mother: from heredity and the state of immunity to the type of physique and chronic diseases.The power of hormones
Whether pregnancy will come and how it will develop, is largely determined by the work of invisible "controllers" of the body - hormones that are produced by the thyroid gland, pituitary gland, adrenals, ovaries and other organs. An important sign that a woman can appreciate the work of her hormonal system is the menstrual cycle. It reflects both the individual characteristics of women and her health in general. It is no accident that the first conversation between a woman and a gynecologist, who will lead her pregnancy, always begins with the question of how her "critical" periods have passed.In search of the ideal
From the point of view of midwives, the model standards of 90 x 60 x 90 with a height of 170 cm are not a role model at all.
If a woman prepares to become a mother, with such growth, she will not be prevented by extra 10 cm in her hips, because with a narrow pelvis, labor can take place with difficulties. In general, the midwife's "ideal" is tall women, because the higher the mother, the larger her pelvis and the easier it will be for a toddler (especially a large one) to pass through it during childbirth.What can indicate a problem in the body?
- Too short (less than 24 days), long (longer than 30 days) or "skipping" cycle;
- painful menstruation;
- too scarce or plentiful, short-term (2-3 days) or prolonged (more than 7 days) discharge during menstruation.
Of course, the listed situations are not necessarily a disease. For example, if all women in your family had a long cycle, but it did not stop them from having problems giving birth to healthy children, most likely, you should not be worried about such a situation. But to get rid of doubt, it is worth to visit a gynecologist and undergo a survey. If it turns out that the natural situation for you hides the violation of the hormonal system, in the future it can affect the ability to conceive, and to maintain pregnancy, and the correct development of the child. For example, the current cause of the cycle is the excess of male sex hormones, androgens - in 77.8% of women who are sick, results in infertility and abortion. And the lack of iodine, which is part of the thyroid hormones, can seriously affect the development of a future child.Than are rich, that and are glad
Safe birth of a baby depends on the "personal baggage" with which his mother enters into pregnancy. Waiting for the child many times increases the burden on the body, and it will be especially difficult for her to adapt if the woman also has some chronic illnesses. In addition, it is far from always possible to predict which failures (even trivial at first glance) can cause difficulties for the future mother. For example, a frequent tickling in the throat, which many do not pay attention to, sometimes hides a chronic inflammation of the tonsils - tonsillitis. In addition to the fact that this infection can become aggravated at any time (and then the expectant mother will need antibiotic treatment), she is able to migrate through the body and reach the child.
Another example - the curvature of the spine (scoliosis), which is inherent in almost every urban resident. During pregnancy, due to the growing strain on the spine, even a slight curvature can lead to back pain. In this case, the expectant mother will need to constantly wear a bandage starting from the 24th week, and not only the obstetrician-gynecologist, but also the neurologist will be watching her.Healthy spirit
Doctors know how much during pregnancy and childbirth depends on the psychological state of the future mother and her mood. However, just as in the case of physical health, it is impossible to predict what feelings pregnancy will bring to a woman.
Waiting for the baby can turn a determined business lady into a timid sufferer, and a fan of extreme sports - into a complaisant homebody.
Moreover, the same woman can differently perceive pregnancy, bearing the older and younger child. Sometimes even experienced moms, expecting their "junior" after a long break, constantly worry and listen tensely to themselves.
To cope with anxiety, there is only one way out - to find a good specialist you can trust. Even if excitement proves to be justified, an experienced doctor will be able to support and calm you. And your peace of mind is already half the success, because the main thing is to believe in yourself and set yourself up for the best.Read on this topic:
- Looking east?
- Infections during pregnancy
- Hormones and pregnancy
- Mom by the constitution
- How does pregnancy begin?