Placenta in pregnancy

Placenta in PregnancyProbably the most amazing and most mysterious of all female organs could be called the placenta. But its uniqueness lies, first of all, in the fact that the placenta exists in the body of a woman only during pregnancy.

And as we all know, the placenta is an incredibly important significant organ both for the mother herself, and, of course, for her future child. And this happens so long as your baby can not be born. And after the birth of the crumbs there is also a peculiar birth of the placenta, as it is simply no longer needed for a non-pregnant woman.

And what is the placenta?

In a literal translation from the Latin language, the placenta means - a kind of "cake". Strictly speaking, this is what this body usually looks like. It must be noted, however, that this unusual flat cake is literally the most important element in pregnancy. And in general, it is the placenta in the literal sense will depend on the growth, and the normal development of any future baby. Normally, the placenta should begin to actively form literally from the very first minutes after fertilization. So the egg begins to actively share and then the newly formed cells will give rise to a completely new life. Strictly speaking, in this process, and those cells will be formed, which can subsequently ensure the contact of the developing fetus with the woman's body. Immediately on the tenth day after conception, the so-called lacuna is formed in the inner layer of the enlarged uterus. It in turn becomes almost completely filled with the blood vessels of the mother herself, in which the embryo itself will be located.

But the future baby will receive all the necessary nutrients from the tissues of the mother's body. And, of course, around the embryo, in its turn, a peculiar branched shell will form, into which the vessels of the fetus will also grow. That's actually the way the normal exchange of blood is established, and with it all the necessary substances between the future mother and the embryo itself.

This period is usually considered the beginning of normal formation of the placenta. In addition, even the structure of this interesting body will change as the real changes and the needs of a rapidly growing fetus are changed. And only by the end of the thirty-fifth week of pregnancy the placenta itself can reach its full maturity. So the normal placenta has such dimensions: in diameter it is about eighteen centimeters. And its normal thickness is usually between two and even four centimeters, while the weight of the placenta is about five hundred grams.

Conventional functions of the placenta during pregnancy

  1. The most basic or primary task of the placenta itself is considered to be the transport of oxygen directly to the fetus through the flow of maternal blood. And carbon dioxide should usually be transported in a completely opposite direction.
  2. In addition, it is the placenta itself that is directly able to receive all the necessary nutrients, which are of great importance for its normal active growth and development. Also, it is through the placenta that the fruit gets rid of various products of decay after its vital activity.
  3. It is the placenta that is able to provide immunological protection and protection of the fetus. After all, she is able to skip the much-needed antibodies of the mother to her future child, which in fact protects him in such an interesting way from a variety of infections. It must be noted, however, that in the bloodstream of the baby's future, many drugs, narcotics, toxins, pesticides, viruses, and much more can penetrate easily through the placenta. In addition, it is through the placenta that alcohol and nicotine can enter the baby. And believe me, these substances can significantly and negatively affect the normal development of the fetus, and sometimes even completely stop this development and amaze.
  4. In addition, the placenta also perfectly synthesizes hormones that can in turn be responsible for the safety of pregnancy, as well as for the growth and normal development of your future crumbs.

functions of the placenta in pregnancyThus, we all can understand how important it is for a pregnant woman to have a normal and proper development and, accordingly, the functioning of such an organ as the placenta. It can be said that literally during the entire pregnancy period the placenta will solve the most important and significant tasks, naturally depending on a certain stage of its development. And, of course, considering the constant evolution of the body (so you can call the formation, growth, as well as the maturity and then the aging of the placenta), physicians are able to observe using ultrasound for all the changes in the placenta at all stages of pregnancy. And then naturally if some serious deviations from normal timely development are found, then the necessary specialized treatment is appointed to reinforce the organism.

Possible abnormalities of the placenta

In the modern world, various pathological changes in the placenta can occur quite often. It must, however, be said that some of these pathologies do not carry the slightest significant harm to either the future mother or her child. Unfortunately, there are also a number of pathologies that can pull just a lot of the most unpleasant and very dangerous consequences. To common pathologies of the placenta it is customary to include such:

  • Too low attachment of the placenta to the walls of the uterus.
  • The so-called placenta previa.
  • Too strong attachment or placenta increment.
  • Too dense placental attachment.
  • Too early placental abruption.
  • Too early maturation or aging of the placenta.
  • The placenta ripens later.
  • Significant increase or quite substantial decrease in the size of the placenta itself;
  • The so-called pleated placenta.
  • Various changes in thickness of the placenta.
  • Various changes in its structure, which is normal in the placenta should be lobed.
  • The so-called placental infarcts.
  • Various infectious inflammation of the placenta.
  • Various intraplacental thrombi, or adhesions.
  • Various tumors of the placenta and much more.

This list as you understand, is far from complete, and already now, as we see, it is neither small nor small. However, in spite of this, one should not worry too much. So if you are pregnant - it does not mean that suddenly you will be expected by any problems associated with the placenta. It should be noted that such anomalies are very rare. Most often they are provoked by other serious diseases. And therefore, as such a well-planned treatment for the placenta simply does not exist. As a rule, they consider it necessary to eliminate exactly the problem that initially caused the disturbance of the normal and habitual functioning of the placenta.

Further, we will cite some of the factors that could really provoke a variety of placental pathologies:

  • First, diabetes, developed in a pregnant woman.
  • Too late toxicosis (most typical in such a complication of pregnancy is the thinning of the placenta).
  • Further - hemolytic disease.
  • Too severe gestosis in the second half of pregnancy.
  • Such a disease as atherosclerosis.
  • Such a dangerous disease as toxoplasmosis;
  • Naturally, there is a Rhesus conflict between a pregnant woman and a fetus.
  • Too severe forms of anemia.
  • Such a dangerous disease as syphilis and other infectious diseases of the genitals.
  • Numerous stresses and some bad habits of the future mother.
  • The age of the most pregnant woman also has a value (for example, if a woman is over 35 years old).
  • The presence of protein in the analysis of urine is pregnant in the first trimester.
  • Too small body weight in a future mother or vice versa severe forms of obesity.
  • If a pregnant woman suffers from hypertension.
  • Too early and numerous abortions before pregnancy.
  • Hypotrophy of the fetus.
  • The most various congenital malformations of normal development in the fetus and others.

I must say that on the one hand, the placenta can also be influenced by various pathologies of the fetus on the one hand, but on the other hand, serious abnormalities in the proper functioning of the placenta may well become a real reason for the underdevelopment of your unborn child. So because of placental pathologies, mental retardation can often develop, and sometimes stillbirth occurs.

Probably, that's why for any pregnant woman there should always be strict individual observation. The supervising physician should regularly assess the rate of pregnancy, the rate of fetal development, and in addition, it must also follow the placenta naturally based on the ultrasound data.

normal placenta and placenta previa

However, the pregnant woman herself must also take care of herself and her health as much as possible, and also constantly monitor their own well-being. And literally immediately noticing any slightest changes in the state of health - it is absolutely necessary to tell your doctor about it as much as possible. So most often with real problems with the placenta, a pregnant woman will feel severe pain in the abdomen (in particular, such pain will be intense in the event of placental abruption).

In addition, sometimes in a pregnant woman with problems with the placenta, bleeding from the genital tract is observed. In such cases, a woman can become restless, sharply pale, feel severe shortness of breath, and an increase in heart rate. In addition, with problems with the placenta, there is a sharp drop in blood pressure, and in some cases even a decrease in body temperature. It must be said, however, that there are cases in medical practice where only a very experienced physician could discover a serious pathology of the placenta, since everything is completely asymptomatic. The very same woman, wearing a baby, can not even suspect such a pathology.

And therefore, never forget about routine regular surveys. Be sure to take care of yourself!