Causes, symptoms, treatment of low placentation
Low placentation is a fairly common pathology in women with a gestation period of up to 30 weeks. And it occurs more often in women older than 30-35 years, who had previously had a pregnancy. Why such a pattern and what can be dangerous low placentation on the back wall and anterior, as well as a complete presentation of the child's place?
Where exactly in the uterus should the child's place be normally located? On one of its walls or in the bottom, but not in the area of the internal throat (exit into the uterus of its cervix). If the child's place is directly on the internal throat, doctors make a diagnosis - placenta praevia. If the diagnosis is maintained until the 36th week of gestation, the doctors not only hospitalize the woman ahead of schedule in the hospital, but also perform a cesarean section in a planned manner. If the child's place is just close to the bottom of the uterus - doctors put a slightly different diagnosis - low placentation in pregnancy, and this alignment is usually less dangerous. In this case, the child's place is located at a distance of no more than 6 cm from the inner throat.
Causes of pathology
The causes of this pathological condition include inflammatory processes in the uterine cavity and neoplasms. Abortions, diagnostic curettage, endometritis, fibroids, scars as a result of operations on the uterus, etc., do not pass without a trace and almost always have consequences.
That is why women who survived cesarean section, get a second child is recommended not earlier than 2 years after surgery, provided a good condition of the scar.
If there is a uterine myoma before pregnancy, then it is not always necessary to hurry from it. In many cases, with a favorable location of the neoplasm, confidence in its good quality and small size, it makes sense to take out the baby first, and then think about the operation. Since any operation on the uterus leaves scars. Scars can disperse, and rupture of the uterus is a deadly complication. In addition, the scar can interfere with the implantation of the ovum, and as a result the placenta is low in the uterus.
Symptoms and the Dangerous Pathology
If the child's place does not go to the inner yawn, there may not be any obvious signs. And the location of the placenta is determined only with the help of ultrasound. It is quite another matter if the child's place at least partially covers the inner yawn. In this case, most pregnant women have signs of a threat of miscarriage. These are spotting, pains in the lower abdomen. But since low placenta symptoms, fortunately, do not always have obvious, doctors recommend that women with a history of gynecological history go through all ultrasound examinations at the recommended time, and also according to the indications. And even with a mild bleeding it is urgent to contact a doctor or an ambulance to a hospital.
Treatment and prevention of complications
Unfortunately, there are no medications to make the low placenta on the anterior wall of the uterus or the rear changed to normal. With this task in most cases, the body can cope. Uterus during pregnancy grows many times. And the placenta, initially located low in the uterus, rises a few centimeters.
The task of physicians is attentive attitude towards the patient, mandatory direction of her to ultrasound examinations, refusal to perform gynecological examinations without a valid reason and explanation about the measures of bleeding prophylaxis.
- refusal of sexual relations until the risk of bleeding disappears;
- decreased physical activity;
- decrease in the tone of the uterus by non-medicament means if necessary.
Women who have encountered this pathology would like to wish peace, because of the psychological state, too much depends. If you still encounter bleeding - do not panic ahead of time, but immediately consult a doctor. With moderate blood loss, a small placental abruption, many women successfully carry the child to the very end of pregnancy.