Diagnosis and consequences of intrauterine infection
Intrauterine infection is one of the most frequent causes of death of children in the first days after their birth. The causative agents of fatal diseases for newborn children are various bacteria, fungi, protozoa and viruses.
Women who plan pregnancy, as well as during childbearing, are tested for the carriage of hidden infections (ureaplasmas, mycoplasmas, chlamydia), herpes, syphilis, rubella, viral hepatitis, etc. If they are, then in most cases treatment is needed. Of course, it is better to hold it until the onset of pregnancy. If the infection occurs after conception, there will almost certainly be an intrauterine infection of the fetus, but how it will end will depend on the period of pregnancy.
If a child becomes infected in the first trimester, this in the vast majority of cases results in miscarriage, frozen pregnancy or severe, multiple malformations. If in the middle of pregnancy and later - the effects of intrauterine infection will be visible after the birth of the child. These can be neurological disorders, jaundice, skin rash, sepsis, encephalitis, etc.
Infect the child from the mother in three ways: with the penetration of an infectious agent from the vagina, the fallopian tubes, during childbirth. Diagnosis of intrauterine infections is carried out by analyzing the umbilical cord, placenta and blood of a child after birth. With properly conducted examination and conclusions made, it is possible not only to establish a causative agent, but also to say it was injected into the blood of the child in utero or infection occurred after childbirth - this also happens, and not the fact that due to the mother's fault. Analysis of intrauterine infection of the child before it is not born. Only mother can give blood.
It is interesting that in cases of recurrence of diseases, for example, genital herpes, in the 2-3 trimester, the child becomes infected very rarely. It protects the placenta. An experienced physician of the Uz-diagnostics knows how the placenta looks when attacked by some pathogenic bacterium or virus. It changes the thickness, it starts worse to carry to the baby nutrients, oxygen. Doctors also call it fetoplacental insufficiency. The placenta quickly "grows old," wears out. Symptoms of intrauterine infection in newborns - this includes the delay in their development in the womb. When the dimensions of the trunk, head, limbs do not correspond to the term of pregnancy. The child has a small weight, there are violations of the heart rate - this is seen with Doppler and CTG.
Treatment of intrauterine infections is carried out depending on the symptoms, the condition of the child, the disease itself. But any such infection is very difficult. Therefore, every future mother must take all possible measures to prevent infection by various infections. Especially dangerous are toxoplasmosis, genital herpes, cytomegalovirus, rubella, etc.
It is necessary to know what is the prophylaxis of intrauterine infection in pregnancy. By the way, ENT diseases are also dangerous, and especially the flu. You need to follow the changes in the microflora of the vagina in the negative direction. After the passage of the mucous plug from the cervix, violation of the integrity of the amniotic fluid, the opportunistic microorganisms that provoke vaginal candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis become dangerous. Therefore, a prolonged, more than 6 hours, anhydrous gap is considered undesirable.
Of course, it's impossible to know everything. Therefore, you need to see a gynecologist from the very beginning of pregnancy, take all the necessary tests and do not hesitate to ask questions about your health.