Vaginal discharge serves as a signal for internal changes in the female body. What exactly can they mean and when to sound the alarm?
To begin with, it is important to understand which vaginal discharge is considered the norm. Beyond pregnancy, if the woman is healthy, the nature of the secretions changes under the influence of hormones, and this is perfectly natural. In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, the body increases the amount of estrogens. Thanks to this hormone, the follicle ripens, from which at the time of ovulation an egg hatches. During this period, the discharge from the vagina is transparent and liquid, so that spermatozoa can easily move towards the target. Ovulation occurs on the 14-16th day of the cycle, and, since at this point the production of estrogens reaches a maximum, the discharge becomes more abundant.
Next begins the second phase, which regulates progesterone. Under the influence of this hormone, the endometrium (the mucous membrane of the uterus) changes its structure so that the fertilized egg is embedded in it and firmly entrenched there. During this period, vaginal discharge is protective: they become viscous and dense, so that infections do not penetrate into the uterus. The female body prepares for fertilization every month until the onset of menopause, and hormones do these tricks regardless of whether the conception has occurred or not.During the entire pregnancy, daily pads tend to fill faster. This feature is provided by nature, and you do not need to be afraid of it. To take a shower more often than usual is also not worth it, to wash the vagina from the inside - especially, otherwise the protective barrier will be broken. Staffing situation
For the entire period of pregnancy, there is also a "physiological norm". First, during 9 months of vaginal discharge, as a rule, become more abundant. Many are frightened, and in vain, although for accuracy you can take tests (smear on the microflora, PCR-smear, bacteriological sowing from the vagina) in order to exclude the infection. Secondly, because of changes in the hormonal background in the first half of pregnancy, the discharge is usually more watery, and in the second - more dense.
There is another case when there is no reason for fear. Usually 2 weeks before the birth of the baby, the mucous plug comes out of the vagina, although it can happen during childbirth. Someone it takes the form of lump, someone not, someone drops out again, and someone in portions during the week, leaving gore brownish smears. It can be almost colorless, and white-yellow, and pink. Mucous congestion is slime lining the cervix. When the cervix is opened, the cork falls out. So this is only one thing: meeting with the baby will take place very soon.
The outpouring of amniotic fluid - provided that they depart in due time - should also not be alarming. If pregnancy develops correctly, this process can begin at any time beginning with the 37th week. Amblerous waters can flow at the same time in a large volume or slowly "leak" for several hours (in the latter case, they are easily not noticeable). Normally they are clear and light, and if there are problems, their color can vary from yellow to green. To make it easier for doctors, it's better to put a white diaper under you. And, of course, immediately go to the hospital.Alarm call
At any stage of pregnancy in the first place should be alerted to blood allocation, especially bright red or scarlet. Only the doctor can interpret them correctly, so you do not need to panic before the time. The main thing that you should do in this scenario is to go straight to the hospital. But still, what can it be?
Bloody discharge during pregnancy occurs for various reasons. In the period from the first day of menstruation to the moment when ultrasound accurately shows where the fetal egg is located, they can indicate an ectopic pregnancy. Other possible symptoms: pain in the lower abdomen, giving in the leg or in the anus, nausea, general weakness. In this case, the question is about saving a woman's life. At any time, bleeding can portend a threat of miscarriage, which in most cases doctors can prevent with modern medications. Sometimes, just as does an undeveloped pregnancy, when the baby suddenly stops heart. In this situation, there is only one way out - curettage of the uterus. In early terms (before the 17th week), we can talk about the detachment of the chorion, on later - about the detachment of the placenta. Fortunately, with these problems, modern medicine knows how to fight effectively.
If the discharge is not bloody, but, for example, curdled, white, odorless, it can be a thrush. If they are greenish or yellowish and have a sharp smell of rotten fish, bacterial vaginosis is quite possible. Sexually transmitted infections can also manifest themselves in different kinds of secretions. To put an accurate diagnosis will help the tests, appointed by the doctor. Treatment will depend on the type of infection and the length of the pregnancy. In the first trimester, the doctor will take inoffensive measures so as not to harm the baby. For the removal of inflammation, he can appoint, for example, gauze tampons with borax on glycerin. In the II and III trimesters, when the kid's organs and systems are already formed, the doctor prescribes antibiotics and vaginal suppositories.Read on this topic:
- Doctor, is this normal?
- It will pass!