Perhaps, never in the external appearance of a woman there are such dramatic and rapid changes as during pregnancy. Day after day, the mirror presents amazing surprises to future mothers. How can you make them just pleasant? Care of a breast in pregnancy
Changes in themselves women notice already from the very beginning of pregnancy: the first responds to the new position of the breast. It becomes more sensitive, sometimes tingling and tension appear in it (these phenomena occur at 2-3 months, when the hormonal background is established). Through the thin skin veins are visible; The nipple circle (areola) darkens and seems wider, and the tubules (dots around the areola) come forward. From this moment, the habitual bra becomes ever closer. Prepare for the fact that the breast will increase by 1-2 sizes, depending on how you will gain weight.
OUR COUNCIL To maintain the elasticity of the breast, first of all pick up a suitable size bra from the line of laundry for pregnant women. Such products are made of cotton and allow the skin to breathe. Cups without pits gently envelop the breast, and wide straps and the back provide good support.
Instead of hot baths, take a cool shower - high temperature provokes loss of tonus and flabbiness of the skin. To improve blood circulation, do a light massage (but before practicing it, consult your obstetrician-gynecologist). Place your hand on your chest and gently squeeze it, moving from the nipple to the shoulder and from the lower chest to the armpit. You can use a soft mitten or a brush.
Use a moisturizing cream for the bust, it gives the skin elasticity. Choose special means for pregnant women and store them in the refrigerator to enhance tonic action. It is best to use them twice a day, in the morning and in the evening.
Lifting the chest is very simple: you just need to keep a smooth posture. And keep it high will help simple exercises that you can do while waiting for the baby, if your doctor does not mind.
- Standing, raise one hand. Make circular motions back, periodically changing hands. Carry out 12-16 times.
- Raise your hands high above your head, connect your hands and tighten them tightly, straining all the muscles. Repeat the exercise 10-12 times.
- Sit down, bend your arms in the elbows and lift to the level of your chest. On the elbows, put any weight, for example, books. In this position, reduce and dilute elbows 8-10 times.
- The leader in strengthening pectoral muscles are traditional push-ups. Future mothers are better to do them not from the floor, but from the wall, and repeat 8-10 times.
Hormonal changes give the skin of the future mom an elasticity and a wonderful pink shade. True, in some women under the influence of the same strength of hormones, it becomes more dry and sensitive. On the skin may appear irritation, redness, peeling, and therefore it is better to be very careful in choosing cosmetics and procedures for caring for yourself. Give preference to means without dyes and parabens (chemical preservatives), tested for allergy and not containing perfume fragrances (during pregnancy, the sense of smell is aggravated and there is an intolerance to many smells). Before using new products, be sure to test them on the inside of the hand, observing the reaction.
OUR COUNCIL Skin has a low absorbency and poorly conducts harmful substances in the body. Nevertheless, there are a number of components that should be excluded from use for the whole 9 months. Among them, retinol (it accumulates in the body, and its overabundance can lead to disruption of the development of organs in the future baby), fruit acids that provoke pigmentation, alcohol (in any amount) and active antibacterial components - they dry the already sensitive skin of pregnant women.
Look for antioxidants, hyaluronic acid, vitamins B, C, E, K, carite oil in the composition of beauty products. And also collagen (for example, marine), which has a beneficial effect on the elasticity of the skin and prevents the appearance of stretch marks. You can use any means of decorative cosmetics, tested for allergies. Pay special attention to formulas with minerals (powders, tonal means, shadows). They not only transform the skin, but also provide additional care.Sunburn and pregnancy
If the expectation of the baby falls on the sunny season, on the face and body of the expectant mother may appear dark spots - doctors call them chloasma. They arise under the influence of ultraviolet, since the body produces more hormones involved in the production of the "solar pigment" of melanin. Because of this, the skin is more easily covered with suntan - unfortunately, not always uniform.
OUR COUNCIL The future mother should protect herself from the sun and sunburn in the solarium, and it is mandatory to use sunscreen with a factor not lower than 15. But to fight with age spots during pregnancy is meaningless, because while the body is experiencing hormonal troubles, chloasma may appear again. In addition, cosmetic means for bleaching the skin affect the enzymes that produce melanin, which blocks the natural formation of a healthy future baby's dermis. But after the birth of a baby, chloasma often goes by itself.Stretch Marks in Pregnancy
"An interesting position" makes the skin sensitive not only on the face, but also on the body, especially on the stomach. As the object of your pride grows, the elastic fibers of the skin tighten and sometimes tear, leaving traces in the form of reddish and bluish stripes - stretch marks, or striae. At first the stretch marks have a reddish color, due to the fact that the blood vessels underlie the thin skin, and then turn pale as a result of the blood flow disturbance.
Whether you have such "decorations" or not depends on the quality of the skin fibers, and this property is inherited. In addition, women at risk of this problem are women with overweight or rapidly gaining weight, future mothers with endocrine disabilities (eg, diabetes mellitus), smokers (they have slowed down collagen synthesis due to lowering oxygen levels in the blood) and not engaged in sports (because of the weakness of the abdominal muscles, the skin of the abdomen is also stretched more strongly).
After delivery, stretch marks gradually become white, but nevertheless remain noticeable. To reduce them it is possible with the help of salon procedures: mesotherapy, chemical peeling, laser resurfacing. With their help, it is often possible to minimize the amount of damage, but it is very difficult to completely get rid of stretch marks. And one more important nuance: if you plan to become a mom again, take the time to correct the stretch marks, because they will appear again during the next pregnancy.
OUR ADVICE To prevent stretch marks, it is important from the first months of waiting, even before the onset of abdominal growth, to maintain the elasticity of the skin with the help of special products for pregnant women. Instead of the cream or in parallel with it, you can use olive oil or almond oil. They well moisturize the skin and maintain its elasticity due to vitamin E. It is very important to avoid sudden weight jumps, because in this case stretch marks can appear not only on the stomach, but also on the hips. Useful and special gymnastics for pregnant women: when performing physical exercises, not only the muscle tone, but also the blood supply of tissues rises (consult a physician before the exercises). And to support the growing abdomen and, as a consequence, to reduce the stretching of the skin, the bandage will help.
One of the most reliable means against stretch marks is weight control. The more the expectant mother recovers, the more the skin stretches and the greater the risk that the integrity of the collagen will be disturbed. That's why you should not expect a miracle from cosmetic products if you add weight too quickly.Cellulite in pregnancy
Active weight gain, accompanying pregnancy, leads to another problem - cellulite. Within 9 months the body accumulates fat (this is the side effect of hormones), and it is actively deposited on the hips and buttocks, and not always evenly. Among other reasons for the development of this problem are heredity, stress, poor diet, sedentary lifestyle, smoking.
Methods of prevention and control are known for a long time: a balanced diet, together with physical activity and, of course, the right anti-cellulite remedy. It is important to remember that only specially developed medications for pregnant women are suitable for future mothers. Active components of conventional anti-cellulite creams (for example, caffeine or retinol), may be undesirable for women "in position". The same applies to the active mechanical action: for example, vacuum and vibrating massage or myostimulation is better to postpone until the baby is born.
OUR COUNCIL So that cellulite is not completely established, and the skin retains its elasticity, daily massage lightly problem areas with anti-cellulite cream for pregnant women or almond oil. Start from the hips, moving from the inside to the outside, and finish on the buttocks, heading from the spine to the hips and from the buttocks, oblique to the outside of the thigh.Hemorrhages in pregnancy
From the second half of pregnancy, the feet should be the focus for the future mother. With the increase in the period of pregnancy, the load on them increases, because it is the legs that must carry the growing body weight and the changing center of gravity. In addition, blood circulation in the lower part of the body is hampered, and as a result, to the subjective sensation of heaviness and tingling in the calves and feet can be added cosmetic defects such as a vascular network or nattoids.
OUR COUNCIL To keep the health and beauty of the legs, it is better from the very beginning of pregnancy (and it's absolutely necessary - from its second half) to switch to a freer, soft footwear with a small thickened heel or stop on a sporting version. Tight, uncomfortable shoes (for example, models with a narrowed toe) create a constant pressure or friction in the foot area, and high heels cause the load to be distributed unevenly and on the soles may appear on the soles and corns. Shoes should be made of quality materials: natural leather (rather than rigid, non-sticking leatherette) or special breathable materials that will avoid excessive sweating. This will help prevent the development of foot fungus, which during pregnancy often "blooms" because of the weakening of immunity. Do not forget about the regular professional pedicure (at least once a month): it will rid of the burrs and maintain skin health. The safest and atraumatic method is a hardware pedicure. Keep the legs in order and on their own: an emollient and moisturizing cream will help to avoid dryness and the appearance of cracks that can lead to infection.Hair and nails of a pregnant woman
Shining skin, curvy hair and strong nails of the future mother - merit of female hormones of estrogens and progesterone.
Unexpectedly thick hair is another surprise that nature prepares for future mothers. Hormonal rearrangement brings to the forefront the female hormones that give shine to the hair and increase its volume, not letting the dead hairs fall out. In 3-6 months after the birth of the baby the body will return to its normal state, and nothing will restrain the natural hair loss. That is why it seems to young mothers that after the birth the hairstyle sharply loses its former splendor.
Can pregnant women dye their hair and nails? Contrary to the widespread misconception - yes. Penetration of their components into the body is minimal, and they can not hurt the baby. For greater confidence, choose products that do not contain toxic substances: hair colors without ammonia, nail polishes without toluene, formaldehyde and dibutyl phthalate. Before changing the color of the hair, test the coloring agent on a small strand of hair and a small patch of skin. Do not paint hair or nails in a room with poor ventilation, for example, in the bathroom.Read on this topic:
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