How does ovulation occur?

On what day ovulation occurs, counting methods

When and how does ovulation occur in womenHow does ovulation occur, at what time of the menstrual cycle, how to define it, and in what cases can it be absent? These questions are important for a woman planning a child. In this material we will give simple and brief answers to them.

Ovulation is the period when the egg, ready for fertilization, leaves the ovary and enters the abdominal cavity of the woman, where she expects to meet with the sperm. When ovulation occurs in women, they can feel it. Some have pain in the lower abdomen, usually from the ovary, which "released" the egg. At others the sexual inclination raises, and there are plentiful mucous allocation from a vagina. But not for all women the signs of ovulation are obvious, and therefore you need to know how to determine the given period of the menstrual cycle. This can be done by measuring basal temperature, ultrasound examination, and special tests. Ovulation occurs only in non-pregnant women. That is, the question of whether ovulation occurs during pregnancy can unambiguously answer that no. Although the medical literature describes cases of so-called superfetation, when for one cycle a woman had two ovulations and two conceptions with an interval of approximately 2 weeks. But we talk about the most common ovulation, and not the rarest cases.

Basal temperature - this is not the indicator that you need to blindly trust in the diagnosis of ovulation - this is the opinion of most modern doctors. However, this method is the most affordable, as it does not require anything to buy and visit doctors. From the beginning of the menstrual cycle, once a day, in the morning, immediately after awakening, it is necessary to measure the temperature in the anus. From the woman it is required to build a special schedule in which it is necessary to enter the indicators of the thermometer. In the first phase of the cycle, when the egg is still in the ovary, the temperature will not be above 36.9 degrees (in the absence of disease). On what day ovulation occurs will be clearly visible when the temperature drops a little, about 0.4 degrees. This is the most favorable time for conception.

Since it is known that ovulation occurs on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle approximately, in the case of the 28-day cycle, it is necessary to check for ultrasound from about 10-12 days, before it makes no sense if the cycle duration is constant (at least 28 days from monthly to monthly passes). When the ovulation occurs, and also the period preceding it, the doctor will see on his monitor. Monitoring of ovulation is called folliculometry. This procedure is faster than conventional ultrasound and is much cheaper. Does ovulation occur when taking birth control pills? No, in this time interval there is no sense in folliculometry, as modern oral contraceptives do not allow the egg to develop.

And, finally, you can calculate the day of ovulation with the help of special home test strips, you can buy them at the pharmacy. Just as in the case of a pregnancy test, with a positive result, 2 stripes appear. This is observed immediately before and within 1-2 days after ovulation.