Anesthesia in the treatment of teeth during pregnancy

During pregnancy planning, it is recommended that women take care of their teeth beforehand. Go to the dentist, check your teeth, and in case of caries or other processes of tooth decay, it is best to cure them immediately. Then the period of pregnancy will proceed without worrying and worrying about the question, but can I treat my teeth during pregnancy?

If the pregnancy has come without a long preparation, and it so happened that you need the help of a dentist, and without anesthesia you can not do, then it is worth knowing some information to make the right choice. anesthesia in dental treatment during pregnancy Just note, anesthesia for toothache and dental treatment during pregnancy is not a prohibited fact. Moreover, you can not tolerate toothache, and during pregnancy you can not tolerate pain in the treatment of a tooth, and therefore anesthesia in this case will be an indispensable necessity. A painful tooth is better treated with anesthesia than to tolerate pain and expose the fetus to the risk of contracting an infectious disease. After all, the affected teeth multiply germs, infection can easily penetrate first into the female body, and then into the child. Therefore, the appeal to the dentist during pregnancy is not just possible, but even necessary, to prevent big troubles.

When is anesthesia necessary?

Anesthesia in the treatment of teeth is not always recommended, especially for pregnant women. What cases require an injection of pain medication, and which do not?
  1. Caries, which proceeds in a simple form, without complications, is easily treated without the use of anesthetics. But, one more factor is the individual sensitivity of this or that female organism, as well as her mood.
  2. Removing the same tooth always requires an injection of an anesthetic. Anesthesia is also necessary in the treatment of periodontitis and deep caries. In these cases, not even a question is raised, a prick is needed or not.
When to go to the dentist? This question can also be considered in each individual case separately. If the tooth does not hurt, the visit to the doctor is best postponed until the second trimester of pregnancy, because that's when the period of less excitability of the uterus comes, and the fetus has already passed the period of organ formation.

Effects of anesthetics

To make the right choice in favor of or vice versa anesthesia in the treatment of teeth during pregnancy. It is necessary to know how these drugs work on the female body.
Any anesthetic in dentistry is used by injection into the gum. The effect begins its process already in the third minute after the administration of the drug. At the same time, any touch to the tooth, pain and even the temperature effect ceases to be felt. As rules, all dental anesthetics are based on a substance such as adrenaline. Under its influence the narrowing of the lumen of the blood vessels occurs, the bleeding is reduced and the pain syndrome is blocked. But, for pregnant women, as a rule, use other drugs of anesthesia.

Anesthesia approved by pregnant women

authorized tooth anesthesia in pregnancy What kind of anesthetic preparations for dental treatment are used during pregnancy? Numerous medical examinations have revealed, and now widely used, special medications with anesthetic impact during the period of gestation. In these preparations, the amount of adrenaline is reduced to a minimum, and therefore is unable to penetrate the placental barrier to the fetus. The most common are primacaine and ultracaine.
  1. Primacaine, in addition to not being able to penetrate the future child through the placenta, also has the shortest half-life.
  2. Ultracaine, in addition to being unable to penetrate the placenta, does not even enter breast milk, that is, the lactation period for it is not a contraindication.
The necessary dosage of any of these drugs is always prescribed by the doctor, in each individual case, taking into account all the features of the course of pregnancy. It depends on her date, the age of the future mother, and the state of her health.

Dental procedures contraindicated in pregnancy

There are some dental procedures that are contraindicated in pregnancy. These include:
  • dental treatment under general anesthesia;
  • teeth whitening;
  • X-ray examination;
  • implantation.
Teeth can not be whitened, since the solution by which the procedure is performed is dangerous to the future child, and has the ability to quickly overcome the placental barrier. Implantation and general anesthesia is a great stress for the whole body, and in fact during pregnancy stresses should be as limited as possible. X-rays of the teeth can be done only if very necessary, and it is important to cover the stomach with a special sheet of lead.

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