An important condition for the full functioning of the body is a normal hormonal background. Even the slightest violation of it affects the work of organs and metabolic processes. A special variability is the female endocrine system. It provides complex physiological processes, affects mood and well-being. In the body of the average woman of childbearing age, hormonal storms regularly occur, caused by menstruation, pregnancy, childbirth, breastfeeding, and then menopause.
The role of progesterone in the female body
The normal level of progesterone in a woman helps her to become pregnant, endure and give birth to a child on time, protects against endocrine pathologies such as mastopathy and endometriosis of the uterus. From conception and up to four months, until a full placenta is formed, this hormone is produced by the yellow body of the ovary. The main role of progesterone is to suppress unnecessary contractile activity of the uterus. With a decrease in its level, there is a high risk of spontaneous abortion, so if necessary, an additional intake of synthetic progesterone is prescribed for a certain term. A sufficient concentration of this female hormone enables her body to produce the required amount of milk and provides the effect of a contraceptive during the breastfeeding of the baby, as it blocks ovulation. There is a direct link between the emotional state and progesterone. By the end of the menstrual cycle, a woman has a change in his level. For this reason, there is a premenstrual syndrome, which is often accompanied by depression, irritability and discontent. In addition, under the control of this hormone, and such an important factor as the maternal instinct.
What is the danger of a deficiency and excess of progesterone?
Increasing the level of progesterone can provoke uterine bleeding, the appearance of the cyst of the yellow body and kidney failure. Reducing the concentration of the hormone indicates the absence of ovulation, inflammatory processes and diseases of the genital area. In addition, against a background of low progesterone, psychological problems can arise in the form of prolonged depression, irritability and mood swings. In pregnant women, reduced production of this substance can lead to a threat of miscarriage, low productivity of the placenta and delayed intrauterine development of the fetus. Childbirth in this development often does not occur on time, but there is a child's retention. Pain in the ovaries, irregular menstrual cycle and frequent depressions should become a signal about a possible overabundance of progesterone. Symptoms of inadequate hormone synthesis may be prolonged menstruation, or lack thereof, brittle nails, increased physical activity and overexcitation. A lot of hormones are involved in the normal functioning of the female body, but it is progesterone that helps to fulfill the main purpose of the mother. If you suspect a lack of this hormone, you should immediately take the necessary tests and undergo a course of treatment.
Alcohol and progesterone
The negative influence of alcohol on the female body is manifested in many aspects. Special sensitivity to the action of alcohol shows the endocrine system. In women who abuse alcohol or suffer from alcoholism, the level of female sex hormones is never normal. Ethanol of alcoholic drinks affects the receptors of the brain, which regulate the production of hormones in the body of a woman. Based on medical observations, a decrease in the synthesis of progesterone and a gradual replacement of its male hormone, testosterone, was revealed. Among nonpregnant women who regularly take alcohol, a false pregnancy was observed against the background of a decreased level of progesterone. Scientists have drawn conclusions about the likelihood of a negative effect of this condition on the implantation of the fetal egg. Observations of women taking oral contraceptives, or those on hormone replacement therapy, showed a significant decrease in the level of progesterone in the blood under the influence of alcohol. Studies on the effect of alcohol on progesterone production in pregnant women were not carried out for ethical reasons. Conclusions about the pathological effect of hot drinks were made on the basis of observations of pregnant drinkers. With insufficient synthesis of progesterone during pregnancy and with diseases of the uterus, its synthetic analogs, for example, the preparation "Utrozhestan", are assigned. Producers of pharmacological agents do not conduct in-depth studies on the effect of alcohol on the effectiveness of the drug, but it is assumed that under the influence of alcohol treatment can be meaningless and lead to hormonal failure. The result of joint intake of alcohol and hormonal drugs may become collapse and fainting. In addition, the negative effect of ethyl alcohol on the liver increases the likelihood of complications in response to the components of the remedy. The study of the effect of ethyl alcohol on the cells of the placenta and its ability to synthesize the hormone showed that alcohol interferes with the penetration of cholesterol molecules into the placental structures and the building of progesterone from them. This condition was observed when a woman uses 1.5-3 glasses of wine or up to 230 ml of vodka. The minimum permitted dose of alcohol is not defined, therefore at the stage of pregnancy planning, and especially when it comes, it is better to completely abandon alcoholic drinks in favor of a healthy lifestyle.