Health of pregnant women
Treatment in pregnancy: why is traditional medicine dangerous?
There is an opinion that it is better to be treated during pregnancy with the help of herbs that do not contain any "chemistry", harmful to the baby, and other traditional medicine. But are these methods of treatment safe in pregnancy so safe and why in any case before their use is a doctor's consultation necessary?
Elizaveta Novoselova obstetrician-gynecologist, Moscow
Health promotion and treatment during pregnancy are two topics that concern all future parents. After all, it is known that all the medicines used by the expectant mother during pregnancy can directly or indirectly affect the fetus. To protect the baby from the adverse effects of medications, future parents try to avoid taking medication as much as possible during pregnancy. In the annotations to the vast majority of medications indicated many possible side effects, and in the section "pregnancy and lactation" - vague phrases about unexplored risks and admission "with caution."
That is why many future mothers during pregnancy refuse to take medications and turn to traditional medicine, believing that, unlike the factory "chemistry", natural means and methods, proven by time, are just harmless. Unfortunately, everything is not as simple as it seems to supporters of such treatment methods.
Treatment during pregnancy: phytotherapy can cause a threat of miscarriage
The main advantage of herbal medicine, or treatment with herbal decoctions, is the absence of synthetic additives that can cause an allergic reaction in a future mother. This quality of natural remedies is very important and undeniable, however, unfortunately, the advantages of herbal treatment before traditional medicine end there. Like conventional drugs, available in the form of tablets, syrups or liquids for injection, the herbs are also potent. Moreover, most modern potent medicines are synthesized precisely on the basis of herbs. Just as with "chemical" drugs, every natural remedy has not only its indications, but also contraindications, side effects and possible complications. The grasses are not nearly as harmless as future parents might seem. Not all herbs can be taken during pregnancy. It can be said with certainty that natural active substances of herbal infusions, broths and extracts affect not only the mother organism, but also the fetus, and this action can be extremely undesirable! Future parents should know that there are such phytotherapy facilities that have a pronounced teratogenic or abortive effect, i.e. cause the development of the fetus and the threat of termination of pregnancy.
Using phytotherapy during pregnancy, it is necessary to remember that herbs are medicines of natural origin, and before taking any medications it is necessary to consult with a specialist. Therefore, for any discomfort, do not self-medicate or rely on other people's experience with herbal medicine; on all matters related to health during pregnancy, contact your doctor.
Treatment during pregnancy: natural energy can cause bleeding
Natural energy is another "trend" of traditional medicine. This is the name of plants, the reception of which in a highly concentrated form and repeated intake per day has a biostimulating effect on the body. The most famous natural energy products include eleuterococcus, Chinese magnolia vine, green tea extract, ginger root, rhodiola rosea, ginseng. They use them in different ways: they insist on alcohol, make extracts and extracts, prepare broths and just drink instead of tea. It is believed that these funds are useful for health, strengthen immunity and are completely safe - unlike synthetic power engineers. Recently, the topic of natural biostimulants is becoming popular among future parents.
The reason why these funds attract pregnant women is understandable. During this period, many women suffer from drowsiness, rapid fatigue, absent-mindedness, memory impairment and bad mood. A drink or capsule with an extract of any natural "energizer", according to the postulates of folk medicine, easily solves all the listed problems. In addition, bioenergetics is advertised as a safe means for strengthening the immune system, preventing colds and general strengthening of the body, and these topics are particularly relevant during pregnancy. To be ill the future mum in any way it is impossible, thus immunity in the period of expectation of the kid, as a rule, is lowered. The theme of natural energy drinks and for coffee muffins in an interesting position is tempting, and it was in the interest of the fetus to abandon the addiction to coffee. Drink from the root of ginger tones in no less than a cup of strong coffee!
Unfortunately, the natural energy sector has a lot of contra-indications - not only for future parents, but also for all admirers of traditional medicine. And the problem, of course, is not at all that they are harmful - biostimulators do have the ability to strengthen immunity, invigorate and increase efficiency. Simply, these natural remedies, as well as their synthetic analogues, have a lot of side effects, contraindications and dosage restrictions. This means that such remedies can never be taken haphazardly, at their own discretion, without consulting a doctor.
The opinion about the safety of the use of natural power engineers is deeply mistaken - they are not harmless at all! For example, against the background of taking Eleutherococcus, body temperature and blood pressure can rise, which is very dangerous for a pregnant woman. Rhodiola pink provokes nervous excitement and insomnia - extremely undesirable side effects for the expectant mother. Ginseng causes a heightened sense of hunger and reduces blood clotting, which for a pregnant woman can result in premature placental abruption or bleeding during labor. Schizandra Chinese causes a sharp tachycardia - heart palpitations and can provoke the development of arrhythmias (disturbances of the heart rhythm). But the main drawback of absolutely all plants that possess natural stimulating properties, when taken during pregnancy is an increase in the tone of the uterus. Hypertension, or increased uterine tone, is the main symptom of the threat of early termination of pregnancy and the threat of premature birth in the second half of pregnancy; and this is a good enough reason to impose a rigid taboo on the use of natural energy for the entire waiting period of the baby.
Treatment for pregnancy: bath contraindicated!
Traditionally it is believed that bathing in a bath is very beneficial for health. Lovers of this lesson promote it as the most natural way to promote health and treatment from all known diseases. Recently, on the Internet, you can often find ideas about the "beneficial effects of the bath for pregnancy," "treatment of pregnancy complications," "visiting the Russian bath to improve the health of expectant mothers and prepare for mild birth." Follow these calls, in no case follows: from the moment of conception and until the very birth, or rather, even a month and a half after delivery, the bath is under strict prohibition! Restriction is associated with the harmful effect of high temperatures, pressure and humidity on the course of pregnancy and fetal development.
The high temperature of the air in the steam room causes overheating of the tissues of the mother's body. During pregnancy, overheating can lead to extremely undesirable consequences: increasing the blood pressure of a future mother, disturbing the placental blood flow, which affects the baby's nutrition and respiration, the threat of abortion, premature birth, uterine bleeding, placental abruption. High blood pressure and humidity, typical for Russian and Turkish baths, exacerbate the negative effect of fever (hyperthermia) and increase the risk of complications in the cardiovascular, urinary and respiratory systems, which are dangerous not only for the health of the mother, but also for the baby's life.
In fairness, it should be noted that the excessive interest in the idea of "bath for a future mother" is not at all a tribute to the traditional "folk" methods of treatment, but the trends of modern alternative medicine, not supported by sufficient knowledge of the physiology of the pregnant woman. The treatment and tempering of the bath during pregnancy has no historical justification: our ancestors were well aware of the dangers of hot steam for a woman in the situation, and the future mother was only stewed in one case - with a refusal to provoke the onset of labor.
For the same reasons, during the entire gestation period, future mums can not use other options for promoting health or treating colds with hot water or steam, for example, taking hot baths with broths of herbs or hovering legs. Hot water, like steam in a bath, rapidly increases body temperature and leads to artificial hyperthermia. In addition to the above health problems, a hot bath (foot bath) causes the expansion of the pelvic and lower extremity veins, which contributes to the development of varicose veins. Another problem that can be provoked by enthusiasm for water heat treatment is an increase in the viscosity of the blood. During pregnancy it can cause thrombosis (clogging with microblobs of blood) of the placenta capillaries and a violation of the blood supply to the crumbs.
In the sparing mode The idea of health promotion by heat, or warming up, does not carry anything harmful in itself - of course, if the future mother does not go to extremes and does not forget to consult with the attending physician. In the absence of medical contraindications, which the doctor, the leading pregnancy can inform, the lady in the position can visit the sauna. Unlike Russian and Turkish baths, in a classical Finnish sauna steam is not used, so there is no danger of high pressure and humidity. Of course, future moms are recommended a special, sparing regime of visiting the sauna: * no more than 1-2 times a week; * no longer than 5 minutes for one visit to the steam room; * temperature not higher than 80 ° С.
Treatment during pregnancy: hardening is possible, but in moderation
Another popular method of health promotion is hardening, that is, deliberate hypothermia of the body. Practice different options for tempering: from innocent wiping with a wet towel to walking barefoot in the snow and diving into an ice hole. Like all "folk" and "natural", tempering is now in vogue, it is considered healthy and completely harmless, and therefore attractive for pregnant women.
The idea of hardening is based on the principle of changing the temperature effect on the body, which contributes to strengthening the tone of blood vessels and increasing blood supply to organs and tissues. However, it is this effect - spasm and blood vessel overfulfillment with sharp temperature changes - that can be dangerous for a future mother, especially for certain diseases and complications of pregnancy:
- Late toxicosis of pregnancy (gestosis, nephropathy) is a pathological reaction of maternal immunity, manifested in impaired renal function, build-up of edema, increased blood pressure and loss of protein in the urine.
- Fetoplacental insufficiency is a violation of blood circulation in the vessels of the placenta, according to which the fetus receives nutrients and oxygen.
- Cardiovascular diseases are heart defects, heart rhythm disturbances, varicose veins of the pelvis, perineum, lower limbs, thrombophlebitis, etc.
- The threat of termination of pregnancy or premature birth, the symptoms of which are increased tone of the uterus, pain in the lower abdomen, spotting spotting from the genital tract.
- Diseases of the kidneys and urinary tract (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, cystitis, urethritis, etc.).
With these pathologies, spasm and subsequent overflow of blood vessels during hardening can lead to exacerbation of the disease and jeopardize the course of pregnancy.
This does not mean that hardening for pregnant women is a "closed topic". In the normal course of pregnancy, light hardening procedures are permissible and really useful; the main thing is to observe simple rules when tempering:
- Allowed twice a day for 30-60 seconds to pour cool water from the shower. The water temperature should not be colder than 18 ° C, and the hardening procedure itself should be performed directly at the end of a shower with a normal temperature.
- It is perfectly permissible twice a day after the shower to wipe off with a cold damp (pre-soaked and well-wrung out) towel. Begin wiping should be from the feet, a week later, you can wipe the shins and a week later - go up to the middle of the thigh, etc., ie. increase the time and area of rubbing should be gradual.
- It is possible and very useful to go to the pool, and even daily with a water temperature of 22-24 ° C and a duration of the session not exceeding 40-60 minutes.
The cold is forbidden? To swim with a "volley" (from a bucket, a tub, a jug) with icy water, run through the morning dew, dive into an ice-hole, walk barefoot in the snow and indulge in similar extreme methods of hardening during pregnancy: this carries a real danger of abortion and placental abruption. Before you start any variant of tempering during pregnancy, be sure to consult a doctor!
To herbs, the reception of which during pregnancy is strictly contraindicated, include:
- Stinging nettle increases blood viscosity of the pregnant woman, provokes premature birth.
- Mother-and-stepmother causes polyhydramnios and hypertonus of the uterus.
- Bearberry on early terms has a teratogenic effect, reduces the rate of placental blood flow.
- St. John's wort stimulates the production of androgens (male hormones), increases the contractile activity of the uterus and blood pressure.
- The berries of the viburnum increase the tone of the uterus.
- The root of parsley and sorrel cause a threat of early termination of pregnancy and premature birth.
Here you can see only a small part of the herbs that are dangerous for the future mother. In addition to phyto-drugs, which are obviously harmful during pregnancy, many more herbs are known that can be used with caution by the future mother and not at any time. And even among the herbs, the reception of which is not contraindicated to pregnant women, there may be a remedy not suitable for a particular lady in the situation due to her individual health characteristics - chronic diseases, hormonal disorders, excess weight and even age.