Health of pregnant women
How to deal with swelling
Many women develop edema in the second half of pregnancy. First the legs swell (usually it is closer to the evening after a hard day), then the future mother notices that the beloved rings become tight, and the small swelling on the feet and ankles that disappear by morning is more "stubborn", persists after an overnight rest and in addition " crawled up. " And it seems that nothing hurts, only some heaviness in the legs, and the general state of health is not better in comparison with the first weeks and months of pregnancy, when nausea, vomiting, heartburn and compulsive smells were tormented. But this is only apparent relief.
Anna Ivanchina Physician-therapist, Medical Center for Administration of Affairs of the President of the Russian Federation
Edema in the second half of pregnancy is the first sign of the development of a serious complication - nephropathy of pregnant women. Later on, the appearance of protein in the urine, the increase in blood pressure, the blood flow in the placenta may aggravate to edema, which naturally affects the development of the baby. Nephropathy increases the risk of pre-eclampsia and eclampsia - very serious conditions that threaten the lives of the mother and the child and are manifested by headache, loss of consciousness, convulsive seizure, arising from a significant increase in blood pressure. And the heavier the course of nephropathy, the higher this risk. Therefore, do not brush away even the smallest and at first glance edematous. Be sure to follow the advice of a doctor, take the drugs prescribed by him. And against the background of this treatment it is possible (if there are no contraindications, individual intolerance or allergic reactions) to maintain your health and the health of your baby, to reduce swelling and improve your health, use the experience of traditional medicine accumulated over the centuries.
When a nephropathy woman is hospitalized. With small swelling, the future mother can stay at home, but at the same time observance of a sparing, protective regime of the day. And this means that a woman needs more time to spend on the couch lying down or reclining, do not lift weights, do not run around the shops and do not "dance" half a day at the stove. It was noted that in the horizontal position, the kidneys experience less stress, respectively, they work better, the amount of urine increases, and edema decreases. It should be remembered that in late pregnancy the uterus can squeeze the vessels of the abdominal cavity, especially in the supine position, which in turn can lead to swelling and worsen the general condition. In this situation, a small pad placed under the right buttock (for the enlarged uterus to move to the left) or the position lying on the left side will help. Very important and diet. It is necessary to reduce the fluid intake to 800 ml per day. Under the restrictions, and cooking salt falls: a woman should not nedosalivat dishes that she prepares for themselves. The enemies of the future mother and friends edemas are sugar, everything is sweet, and also those foods that quickly digest become this sugar. This is potatoes, pasta and other "vermicelli company", ground rice, fine flour and products from it. Dishes should not be fried, grilled, peppered, pickled, salted and spicy. Cook for a couple, boil, cook. You should eat enough lean meat, poultry meat, lean fish, eggs, cottage cheese, kefir and other sour-milk products, not salted and not sharp cheeses. Very useful, because they contain the necessary salts and trace elements and have their own little diuretic effect, the following vegetables and fruits: zucchini, squash, fresh cucumbers, watercress and lettuce, fresh carrots, Jerusalem artichoke (ground pear), fresh apples and mulberry fruits (recommend a day to eat up to 150-200 g of berries), fresh grapes, gooseberries, cherries.
The own diuretic effect is possessed by many vegetable, fruit and berry juices. From these options, choose one for yourself, the most suitable, or alternate a few (for example, a day or a week later). You can mix several juices (for example, carrot, pumpkin and cucumber), but the total number of juices should not exceed one-third - half a glass once a day, unless otherwise specified.
- Freshly prepared carrot juice with pulp. Accept by 1/3— 1/2 a glass in the morning on an empty stomach.
- Fresh pumpkin juice. Drink on 1/2 glass 1 time per day.
- Birch juice. Drink on 1/2 a glass 2 times a day.
- Fresh berries of viburnum with honey or their broth (2 столовые ложки растертых ягод залить стаканом кипятка и 20 минут греть на водяной бане, не допуская кипения, затем охладить при комнатной температуре, процедить). Accept by 1/3 glass 2-3 times a day) with a small amount of honey (on the tip of a small spoon). But be careful: viburnum, especially its fresh berries, can sometimes cause irritation of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Fresh berries of cranberries, ground with the addition of honey or sugar. Accept by столовой ложке 2—3 раза в день после еды.
- Fresh juice or jam from berries of chokeberry. Accept by 1 столовой ложке 3 раза в день.
- Fresh Berries Irgi or juice from them.
- Decoction of blackberries.
- Broth from leaflets of green ordinary beans (2 столовые ложки измельченных створок залить 300 мл воды, довести до кипения и варить на маленьком огне 15 минут. После двухчасового настаивания процедить.) Accept by 1/3 glass 3 times a day for 20-30 minutes. before meals. A soup of green beans is also useful.
- Decoction from the seeds of sowing oats (1 tablespoon of seeds pour 4 glasses of water and 3.5 hours to cook on a small fire, stirring occasionally, cool and wipe the whole mass (broth with the grains) through a sieve.) The resulting "kissel" to take 1/3 glass 3 times a day.
- Diuretic effect has tea, if the usual brewing during brewing, add small pieces of fresh or dried quince.
- Infusion of dried apricots or apricots. 200 г сухофруктов залить двумя стаканами крутого кипятка в термосе и настоять 6 часов. Процедить, ягоды отжать. Accept by 1/2 glass 2 times a day. Can be used instead of drinking.
Phytotherapy also offers some recipes - both infusions from one herb, and special fees to treat pregnant women from swelling. If you do not have an individual intolerance, then pick one for yourself or alternate a few months later (just check with your doctor).
- Infusion of chamomile flowers pharmacy. 2 столовые ложки измельченного сырья заварить стаканом кипятка, 10 минут греть на водяной бане и еще 20 минут настаивать под крышкой, охладить, процедить. Accept by 1/3 glass 2 - 3 times a day.
- A mixture of berries and cowberry leaves. 2 чайные ложки смеси заварить стаканом крутого кипятка и кипятить еще 3 минуты, настоять под крышкой 15 минут, процедить. Accept by 1/3 glass 3 times a day.
- Decoction of chopped chicory roots. 1 tablespoon of the ready raw material to heat with a liter of boiling water and another 10 minutes to boil, cool, strain, take 1/3 glass 2-3 times a day.
- Взять в равных частях лист и плоды брусники, все растение земляники лесной, зерна овса посевного, лист подорожника большого, цветки ромашки аптечной, цветки календулы лекарственной, траву сушеницы топяной, плоды шиповника коричного. 1 столовую ложку измельченной в кофемолке смеси заварить стаканом кипятка в термос и настаивать в течение часа, процедить. Accept by 1/3 glass three times a day.
- In equal parts, blend the blackberry leaf with sizoy, the leaf of common cranberries, the medicinal herb grass, the weed grass, the grain of the oats of sowing, the fruits and shoots of blueberry, the cinnamon briars, the wild strawberry leaf, the five-lobed motherwort grass, the pitted raisins. The infusion is prepared and taken in the same way as in the previous recipe.
In the treatment of initial manifestations of nephropathy must necessarily include drugs with sedative (soothing), spasmolytic action. You can choose one or several soothing infusions, specially formulated for the treatment of pregnant women (taking different infusions can be alternated).
- Смешать по 2 части листьев ежевики сизой, травы пустырника пятилопастного, по 1 части плодов боярышника, листьев и плодов малины обыкновенной, травы сушеницы топяной, травы кипрея узколистного. 1 столовую ложку измельченной смеси заварить стаканом кипятка, 15 минут нагревать на водяной бане, не доводя до кипения, потом еще 20 минут настоять под крышкой, процедить. Accept by 1/3 glass 3 times a day or 1/2 glass before going to bed.
- In equal parts, mix the peppermint grass, the herb of the narrow-leaved grass, the herb of the motherwort of five-bladed, the flowers of the clover meadow, the hips and raisins. The infusion is prepared and accepted also.
- Взять равные части плодов аниса и боярышника, цветков календулы лекарственной, побегов и плодов черники, плодов калины и шиповника, соломы овса посевного, листьев подорожника большого и побегов вереска обыкновенного. 1 столовую ложку измельченной смеси заварить 1 стаканом кипятка и 10 минут нагревать на водяной бане, не допуская кипения, перелить в термос и настаивать еще 2 часа, процедить. Accept by l/З стакана 3 раза в день.
- In equal parts, take the leaves of the blackberry with bluish, leaves of mother-and-stepmother, peppermint grass, five-lobed grassy grass, buckwheat flowers, a large burdock root, plantain leaves large, cranberry leaves. The infusion is prepared and taken in the same way as in the previous recipe.