Bleeding and itching: possible causes
White discharge and itching in the vagina can be symptoms of various gynecological diseases. From those that are cured easily, to those that are difficult to medicate and even lead to disability and infertility. Isolation of leucorrhoea can have a different character: from abundant mucous to cheesy plaque and lumps. Consider some of the most common gynecological diseases that can cause unbearable itching, burning, white discharge, their symptoms, flow characteristics and treatment.
Infection is fungal and can spread to large areas of the vulva and inside the vagina. The causes of thrush can be taking antibiotics, reducing immunity, hormonal disorders, infection from the sexual partner, frequent vaginal douching, the use of chemical contraception. Often relapses of candidiasis occur in people suffering from diseases that undermine immunity. For example, diabetes, HIV infection and others. There is an opinion that provoking thrush can be wrong food, constipation, obesity.
An interesting point - a man may not even suspect that he is the carrier and distributor of candidiasis, since in the stronger sex the disease usually has an asymptomatic character. As a rule, the symptoms of thrush, visible to the eye, appear only in women. More precisely, the doctor will be able to speak about the presence of this disease after receiving the results of the swab.
The main symptoms of thrush in women and men are:
- white curdled discharge and itching;
- microcracks on the mucous membranes of the vagina;
- a sour smell;
- painful urination.
As a treatment, antifungal drugs are used that neutralize and destroy this disease. It is important that the treatment is jointly started by both sex partners. To date, effective treatment schemes for candidiasis have been developed. These are vaginal suppositories, ointments, tablets for oral administration.
If there is a strong itching in the vagina, white discharge causes, while there is no possibility to immediately consult a doctor, it can be used as a temporary measure to alleviate the symptoms of syringing, but not frequent (not more than 2 times a day). A syringing solution can be prepared using soda or medicines that restore the vaginal microflora. This will help at least slightly ease the condition.
Gynecological disease, which is not venereal and aggravated due to a decrease in the level of lactobacilli in the microflora of the vagina. This can occur as a result of prolonged use of antibiotics, due to hormonal imbalance, the frequent use of spermicides as a protection against unwanted pregnancy, and sometimes be the result of prolonged use of combined oral contraceptives.
Bacterial vaginosis способен передаваться при половых связях, особенно если имеет место частая смена партнеров. Нередко вагиноз становится спутником заболевания, передающегося половым путем. Потому, всех тех, кого часто беспокоит вагиноз, направляют на сдачу мазков на скрытые инфекции.
In addition, to a large extent the onset of this disease is facilitated by frequent douching, as a result of which the normal microflora that is contained in the vagina is washed away. Together with her disappear and lactobacilli, and their lack and leads to the emergence of bacterial vaginosis. Very often it can be confused with thrush. However, the gynecologist, in order to determine with what kind of disease he is dealing, will take the analysis of the smear for research. Remember, that before the consultation with a gynecologist, before the examination, in no case can syringe, otherwise the results of the smear will not be reliable.
Bacterial vaginosis имеет специфические симптомы:
- white discharge in women and itching (often separated from the vagina acquires a gray or greenish hue);
- by the nature of the discharge can become stretchy and very thick, but can be foamed, liquid;
- smell of foul fish.
Often a woman can confuse thrush and bacterial vaginosis, but you need to know that this is not the same disease. And the nature of their occurrence is completely different. Therefore, the treatment of bacterial vaginosis is not carried out with the help of antifungal drugs, but in two stages: determining the type of bacteria and taking antimicrobial drugs and restoring lactobacilli to the previous level.
Candidiasis and bacterial vaginosis are two diseases that are most often found in gynecological practice. Their timely treatment will help to avoid complications and inflammatory processes, for example, adnexitis. Therefore, as soon as you have found out the symptoms described above, consult a doctor for the appointment of competent treatment.