Health & Care
Loss of consciousness in children
Elena Pavlovskaya Doctor-pediatrician of the health company "Health and Maternity", cms
Loss of consciousness, or, as it is sometimes called in everyday life, fainting is a dangerous condition associated with impaired blood circulation in the brain and requiring urgent medical attention. His signs are: relaxation of the body, inability to contact a child who does not respond to the presence of adults and does not answer their questions, a sharp pallor, cold sticky sweat, shallow breathing, closed or slightly ajar eyes, dilated pupils. Why can a child lose consciousness? There are several reasons for this; we list the most typical:
- high fever during illness;
- severe pain in trauma;
- overheating of the body;
- lack of oxygen in the air (this happens if the child is in a stuffy room, with a large crowd of people);
- acute allergic reaction as a result of vaccination, insect bites or against the background of medication (anaphylactic shock);
- strong negative emotions (fear, fright, long crying).
However, if your child has lost consciousness, your first priority is not to identify the cause, but to provide first aid - and as soon as possible.
The worst thing you can do is start getting nervous, worry and, in the end, also lose consciousness from horror.
Then your relatives will have to give first aid to two people at once - and it's good if they are close ...
Rule number 1. Calm down!
Rule number 2. Call your doctor or call an ambulance.
Rule number 3. Do not give in to the instinctive desire to grab the child in your arms and hold him tightly to yourself - this will only worsen his condition. Do the exact opposite, obeying the following algorithm:
While waiting for the doctor to lay the baby so that the flow of blood to the head was maximum, you can even slightly lift his legs. (An exception to this rule is bleeding from the nose or mouth, as well as head injuries.)
Head of the child turn sideways-otherwise, if the child has vomiting, vomit will fall into the respiratory tract. Unfasten tight clothes (collars, cuffs).
Check if the baby is breathing and if there is a pulse. In the event that the child does not breathe (or you doubt whether it breathes or not), it is necessary to immediately begin to carry out artificial mouth-to-mouth breathing. Cardiac activity should be attempted with an indirect heart massage (performed with artificial respiration).
Wipe the face and neck of the child with cold water. If consciousness is not restored, moisten a piece of cloth or cotton wool with ammonia and bring it to the nose of the child, but not closer than on
While the doctor is going to see you, think about what preceded the loss of consciousness, which could cause a faint. The correct story of the mother about the onset of the disease helps to quickly put the right diagnosis and help the child.
In some cases, in older children, loss of consciousness is preceded by sudden pallor, sweating, dizziness, ringing in the ears. If you pay attention to these signs in time, a dramatic turn of events can be prevented. To do this, immediately put the child in a position with raised legs or slightly lowered head. Calm the baby, give it a warm sweet tea. Usually this is enough.
And, finally, the main rule: if a child has lost consciousness for at least a few seconds, he needs careful medical supervision and a thorough medical examination. Parents should keep in mind that a common syncope may be the first sign of a serious illness.