Get rid of thrush at home
How to get rid of thrush at home is a matter widely covered in women's editions. But some of the recommendations given by specialists even cause confusion. In recent years, many new and effective drugs against vaginal candidiasis (the official name of the disease) have appeared, and any modern gynecologist should know how to get rid of thrush during pregnancy at home in 1-2 days. Consider the symptoms of this gynecological disease, the causes of its occurrence and methods of treatment.
Vaginal candidiasis is a disease of female genital organs, which under certain conditions occurs in patients of reproductive age. Its pathogens are yeast-like fungi, representatives of the genus Candida. These microorganisms in small quantities are often found in the results of analyzes taken from healthy people and, in general, are the norm. However, with unfavorable factors for the human body, fungi become aggressive and begin to multiply uncontrollably, causing inflammation. This is why Candida Albikans is considered to be a conditionally pathogenic microflora.
Causes of the disease
Most often thrush occurs due to weakened immunity. This may be due to the use of antibiotics or hormonal drugs (the same contraceptive pills), and the disease can trigger a stressful situation or a chronic illness.
Sometimes the disease occurs with an unbalanced diet, because of frequent douching, during menopause, with intestinal dysbiosis, diabetes, exacerbation of sexually transmitted diseases, and candidiasis often affects women during pregnancy.
How does thrush, symptoms and forms
With unfavorable factors that provoked Candida activity, a fungal infection begins to develop on the mucous membrane of the vagina. In the place of localization of the pathogen an inflammatory process is formed. With weakened immunity, when the body is unable to defeat the disease on its own, the fungus begins to penetrate deeper, under the mucous membrane. It is during this period that the first characteristic symptoms of thrush appear.
A woman has complaints of severe itching and burning, localized in the genital area. Develops hyperemia and edema, there are pains during and after sexual contact or urination. And one more obligatory sign of a candidiasis - curdled allocation.
At the same time, for the thrush, an asymptomatic form of the flow can be characterized, which is called candidosis. In this case, relapses become prolonged remission.
Often vaginal candidiasis is a consequence of the development of bacterial infection. Such a state is characterized by a change in Ph of the vaginal environment (decreased acidity), which arises from the aggressive action of various opportunistic microorganisms. Due to the death of lactobacilli (normal microflora of the vagina) living in acidic environment, microorganisms that cause inflammation and start provoking the appearance of foam secretions with an unpleasant smell of spoiled seafood are beginning to become more active and multiply. Combined form, when vaginal candidiasis develops with bacterial vaginosis (gardnerellez) - this is a rather dangerous condition that can provoke various gynecological complications.
Methods of treatment of candidiasis
The main thing - do not engage in self-medication, if possible - go to the doctor. A woman who has had unpleasant symptoms for the first time, similar to what happens in candidiasis, can confuse this disease, for example, with gardnerellez. But in this case, treatment is absolutely different, because the pathogen of the disease is different. With thrush antifungal drugs are used, and with gardnerellez (bacterial vaginosis) antibacterial.
Treatment is appointed by the doctor according to the results of the smear. If Candida's fungi are found in it, the doctor may prescribe to her patient vaginal tablets or suppositories, or tablets for oral administration.
The drugs containing clotrimazole were said to be good. This active substance is in the same name vaginal tablets and candles. But the course of treatment with their use is up to 7 days usually. While drugs for oral administration help during the first day. And they treat the recurrent forms of thrush well, if the correct treatment regimen is chosen. These drugs on the Russian pharmaceutical market are Flukostat and Flukonazol. But they are contraindicated for pregnant women.
And how to get rid of thrush during pregnancy at home, when there is no possibility to visit a doctor urgently and take tests? What if the severe itching and discharge appeared on a weekend or holiday, when the polyclinics are closed?
The most accessible means is a soda. Once thrush was treated only to her, though not always effective. You can syringe with a weak soda solution, but in this way you can remove from the vagina and all useful microorganisms, severely disrupt the microflora. It is better to treat the vagina with a finger wrapped in a bandage and soaked in soda. Soda washings are not very effective and help only for a short time to remove the local inflammation. It is not worth chamomile, since it has a peculiarity to dry the mucous membrane. And with thrush already dryness of the mucosa, from this and discomfort. You can also use a local treatment agent - clotrimazole cream. But keep in mind that in some women it can cause severe burning, especially if the mucous membrane is damaged.
Since Candidiasis is a disease that recurs periodically, it is very important to follow simple preventive rules to avoid repetition of the disease.
1. Do not take antibiotics without the doctor's advice, for "prevention", the longer it is.
2. Properly eat, lead a healthy lifestyle and undergo medical examination for the early detection of various diseases that can undermine immunity and overall health.
3. In the absence of a permanent healthy sexual partner, it is necessary to use barrier contraceptives (condoms) during sexual intercourse to avoid infection with sexual infections (another cause of thrush).
4. If the partner has symptoms of thrush, do not engage in unprotected sex with him until the symptoms disappear.
5. Не спринцеваться.