We must admit that with the appearance of a new member of the family, the situation in the house is changing, and sometimes beyond recognition! After all, the first thing that happy parents need to take care of is the safety of a child who is not yet an imagined child. Children's
Most of the days a newborn child spends in sweet dreams, so the safety of a bed should be taken care of first. In addition, you can learn how to turn and rise on the handles very quickly. Ideally, if the frame of the crib is made of natural materials (for example, beech or birch), and the sides are made of flat rods with rounded edges. All parts should be smooth, but not too slippery, so that the child's handle does not slip when he tries to stand up. The appropriate distance between the rods is no more than 7-8 cm and not less than 2-3, otherwise the inquisitive kid may be trapped, trying to put a head or a leg between them. The height of the rim should be at least 45 cm so that the crumb does not overflow.
Protective screens, mounted on the walls of the crib (they are also called bumpers), will save the fidget from blows. Silicone pads on the sides are useful when the child has his first teeth.
To put a crib is better in a light, warm, well ventilated corner at a distance not less than one meter from the window or battery. Over the sleeping place it is not necessary to hang shelves, pictures and lockers.
It is important that the mattress is flat. Between him and the sides of the bed there should be no gap, otherwise the kid can shove a hand or leg into the slot and get stuck.
In a good desire to decorate the nursery as best you can easily overdo it. So, the canopy costs hang, only if it is well erased and it does not have long hanging edges (the maximum permissible length of the construction is 15-20 cm). Otherwise, the baby may become entangled in the tissue.
Baby changing table
The surface of the changing table must be smooth and non-slip. Make sure that it is securely attached to the chest cover.
Furniture стоит прочно закрепить, ведь в поисках опоры ребенок может использовать любой предмет.
Doors лучше снабдить замком и специальными фиксаторами, защищающими маленькие пальчики.
You need to wash the floors in the nursery 1-2 times a day, especially when the baby starts to crawl. It is absolutely not necessary to use antiseptics, it is enough to wet a rag in water, and 2-3 times a week - in soapy water.
On top of the laminate or parquet, it is better to lay a rug with a low pile of cotton or viscose. Synthetic materials are also suitable - they are less likely to get dust mites.
Batteries лучше закрыть экранами из пластика, металла или дерева.
It is worth choosing models with shatterproof shades. Suspend the instruments so that the baby can not pull them by the cord.
It is desirable that the room was as little as possible home appliances, because the multicolored buttons and levers act on the novice pioneers as a magnet.
It is better to hang the air conditioner on the opposite wall to the bed so that the air flow is directed not to the floor or to the sleeping child. During the entire heating period in the nursery, it is desirable to control the air humidity level, so that the mucous membrane does not overdry and do not start "protective" runny nose. The humidifier will help to solve the problem. It is better to choose a model that at the same time can clean the space entrusted to it from small dust particles. To make the baby feel good, the temperature in the room should be kept within 18-22 ° C. Children need to air at least 3-4 times a day and always in the absence of a small host.
Curtains лучше выбирать моющиеся, а вешать их следует так, чтобы малыш не сумел ухватиться за край.
Plants придется убрать повыше – вдруг крохе придет в голову попробовать «зелень» на вкус. От подвижных подставок откажитесь вовсе, иначе горшок может с легкостью полететь вниз.
All interior items should not be too bright: unnatural colors will bother the baby's nervous system, making it worse to fall asleep. Monotonous and faded solutions are also not an option. It is important for a child to see different colors and their combinations. To arrange the objects in the area of sight of the crumbs, squat down and try to assess the situation with his eyes.Bathroom
The child should be checked most carefully, because if it is not securely installed, the child can slip out of it. In addition, a smart kid can turn a badly fixed structure during active games. For the youngest, the model that follows the anatomical contours of the child's body is best suited. For older bathers, you can buy a classic version - it is more spacious, but at first you should definitely support your child with your hands. It is also important to make sure that the bathtub is made of durable plastic. To fill it with water for security reasons should not be more than two-thirds.
Mercury models are banned. Even if the values correspond to the norm (37-40 ° C), you need to check the temperature of the water again by lowering the elbow into it.
Medicines and cosmetics should be stored either in a locker or on a shelf hanging outside the reach of the baby, otherwise the restless experimenter will get to dangerous substances and pull them into the mouth. There should also hide scissors and manicure accessories. If you leave them next to the tub, they can slip into the water and hurt the crumbs. Detergents should not stand on the floor or on the sides of the bathtub. They also need to be hidden in lockers or on shelves.
At the time of bathing, you need to turn off all electrical appliances (hair dryer, electric shaver, toothbrushes) from the network. This measure will avoid short circuits. An inconvenient service can also be served by a floor extension cord: it also happens to get water. The low-lying electrical wires should be covered with a special protective cover or glued to the skirting board with adhesive tape. All hanging from the walls of the cords must be hidden or secured with a clothespin, otherwise the baby can pull for the "rope". On electrical outlets it is better to put protective caps, because to keep track of small fingers is not easy.
Floorотенцесушитель желательно изолировать плотной пеленкой, ведь ребенок может сильно об него обжечься.
Mat в ванной комнате обязан быть сделан из нескользящих материалов. Края не должны ни подниматься, ни загибаться.
It is important to take care of the security of the door lock: it is best if it does not close and can be opened from the outside.Living room
The safety rules for the living room in general are the same as for the nursery. The main requirement for all subjects of interior and decoration is stability, otherwise the child can turn them around and get hurt a lot.
Potentially dangerous items of interior (chest of drawers, bedside tables, etc.) must be securely attached to the wall. This can be done with steel corners or appropriate fittings. To avoid injury, when the baby will learn to walk, the projecting corners should be protected with plastic or latex covers. For the same purpose, self-adhesive pads can be used.
Before your precious child gets to the desk with important documents, it is worth buying special blockers that block access to the doors. These elements, similar to the straps, are fixed to the fixed wall of the structure on one side and directly to the door or the face of the drawer, on the other. Thanks to such cunning, the crumb will not be able to pinch your fingers for anything, and you will be calm for the safety of especially valuable things and papers. It is strongly recommended not to leave tablecloths and napkins on the table: pulling the edge, the baby can destroy not only the dinner party, but also the expensive service.
As in the nursery, on the door to the living room will also have to install protective shock absorbers of soft plastic or rubber. They are attached from the side or from above to the main panel and do not allow the child to pinch his fingers. On the door with a snap lock, it is better to put a lock that locks the handle in the open position.
Wall apertureВ интерьере приветствуется минимализм: ребенок должен постоянно находиться в поле зрения родителей, поэтому центральную часть комнаты загромождать не нужно. Furniture лучше расставить вдоль стен, чтобы кроху было хорошо видно.
Cut off the crumbs access to the stairs, the balcony and other potentially dangerous places in the apartment can be with the help of the so-called "security gate". This useful construction is made of metal, wood, plastic and equipped with a variety of fixtures. It is best to choose models that are installed directly in the doorway and have adjustable width.
Wires от торшеров и настольных ламп придется спрятать за мебель, иначе светильники рискуют быть опрокинутыми.
Batteries в гостиной следует защитить так же, как в детской.
Toys должны быть у малыша под рукой, чтобы ему не приходилось за ними тянуться. Если в доме есть старшие дети, их вещи стоит сложить отдельно.
Keep this device inaccessible place: if the panel with multi-colored buttons fall into the hands of the baby, he will certainly try to unscrew them. In addition to the small details that the child can happily swallow or shove in the nose, the danger poses and batteries: they contain toxic substances.Kitchen
The main attention should be paid to the plate. In order for the crumb could not bring the switches to the working position, there are special caps that hold the neutral position. On the edge of the hob it is good to install a special protective screen.
If the baby is in the kitchen, the dishes should be placed on the stove away from the edge, and turn the handles of the frying pans to the wall. It is best to use long burners. It is important to ensure that the boiling liquid does not spill out of the pans: the spray can not only burn the child, but still pour the fire of gas burners - then the crumb risk to inhale harmful pairs. For the same reason, if the switches are not equipped with plugs, after all dishes are cooked, the main gas supply valve must be closed.
The oven must be equipped with a thermal protection system. The door should be covered with a special opaque screen, so that the kid does not look inside. If the child is near the oven, it can not be opened: hot air can burn the airways and eyes. And remember: even after the oven was switched off, it remains hot for a long time, so it's important to make sure that the crumb does not approach it. Needless to say, it is better to put the feeding chair as far as possible from the stove.
On the refrigerator door you can hang a special lock - then the child will not be able to try what lies on the shelves. For the same reason, on the lower "floors" it is not necessary to store medicines, alcohol, vinegar.
Covering the table, pots, plates, cups with hot contents, knives and forks should be placed away from the edge. Saltcellar, pepper and toothpicks should be kept out of reach of the baby.
Pull-out drawers should be fitted with locks or locked, especially if they contain cutlery.
The place of the bin is where the kid can not reach, because cans, glass shards, spoiled foods can attract his attention and cause serious trouble. If a suitable angle for temporary storage of waste can not be found, the locker will secure an ordinary old-fashioned latch. But acute and dangerous rubbish all the same it is better to take out right awayBaby safety and toys Diploma of safety Great revision