Children and medicines: nothing superfluous!

Are the parents who care for the children are right about the slightest reason? How often can you do without them? The answer to this question can only give a specialist. So, before resorting to medication, seek advice from a doctor.

The advice to consult a doctor and get his approval for treating a baby is especially relevant these days. After all, today the decision about how to fight illnesses is often made not by doctors, but by parents of sick children! In addition, more and more drugs are becoming over-the-counter and automatically begins to be perceived as a safe remedy. But this is not so! Here, for example, analgin, known to all painkiller, or other drugs, which include the same substance - metamizol. There was a time when they treated both adults and children, and only then it became known how serious the side effect of these drugs could be. That is why in 2000, in the instructions for preparations containing metamizole, an important amendment appeared that children up to 12 years old can be given these drugs only on the advice of a doctor. Unfortunately, some parents do not pay attention to this warning and continue to treat the kids with a prohibited medicine. It is curious that in Germany - the country where metamizol was created, the funds, in which it is included, stopped selling in 1987!

Kids are often sick - and this process is natural: this is how their immune system develops. Usually the illnesses that infect a child, communicating with peers, flow in a mild form and only help the body form a defense against them. That's why the question of whether to give children all kinds of medication in case of uncomplicated cold, it is better to say "no." Another world

Why should babies not be so easy to prescribe medications? One of the reasons lies in the fact that children are not small adults. Their body reacts differently to medicines; in addition, the metabolism of children is not so fast, and the liver and kidneys are at the development stage, so the drugs are withdrawn much more slowly. In addition, most of them do not have special forms designed for very young people, and about three quarters of drugs are either contraindicated to children, or contain strict reservations regarding their use for children under 3 years old. However, despite this, many freely available drugs for diarrhea, cough or cold, that is, those ailments that usually do not require treatment, is prescribed for children. What, among other things, leads to another problem: babies growing up with a habit of taking medicines, most likely, will resort to their help in the future to cure what can pass by itself.

Unstable equilibrium

What diseases are most common in the youngest? An indigestion (in other words, a loose stool or diarrhea) and a runny nose. Perhaps, that is why, as soon as the baby has the first signs of malaise, it is worth trying to overcome the disease in "home" ways: offer the baby more to drink and for a while refuse to give him sweets, fresh fruits and vegetables. If you overcome the malaise by yourself you will not succeed, be sure to consult a doctor, since only a specialist can correctly choose the antidiarrheal drug that will help your child to cope with the disease. By the way, remember that Motilium, Janssen Pharmaceutica, and Smektu, Beaufour Ipsen (it is known that these very drugs are especially often treated for very young children) can not be given to babies without the permission of a doctor. These drugs require a strict dosage and the duration of the course of treatment calculated by the doctor, it is not safe to use them at their own discretion. They have their side effects: for example, Smecta removes from the intestine along with toxins and a beneficial microflora, and the baby will need the appointment of the means that make up these losses, and with the termination of diarrhea with Motilium, the child may become intoxicated by sucking toxins through the intestinal wall, It is necessary for him to prescribe the compounds for the extraction and removal of these toxins to the outside.

Another problem is viral infections of the respiratory tract. Usually a sick child easily recovers on his own, and he does not have to prescribe any medications. As many preparations from a rhinitis contain an antihistamine component which possesses so-called sedative effect, that is immerses the kid in a dream. And since these drugs act on the body for a long time, after the child wakes up, they can affect the coordination of his movements. Another component of many popular catarrhal medications is the decongestant "Pseudoephedrine". Alas, quite often because of it babies begin to dream disturbing dreams, especially if it is assigned to very young children.

As for the high temperature, which, as a rule, appears as a result of a viral infection, it is not necessary to consider it harmful to the health of the baby: it has long been known that an increase in temperature is one of the means of fighting the disease. If the readings of the thermometer fluctuate within 37.5 °, then the baby's body tries to defeat the infection, and it's not worth to prevent it from taking antipyretics. And even if the temperature rises above 38.5-39 °, first of all it is worth trying to reduce it by stripping the baby or wiping it with a damp towel. If you did not manage without antipyretic drugs, do not expect that after taking a drug based on paracetamol (for example, Panadol, GlaxoSmithKline, Efferganan UPSA, UPSA), the temperature will drop to normal: it will still remain elevated within 37.5 °. And more effective means of fighting the temperature (acetylsalicylic acid or analgin) may be unsafe for the health of the child.

Strictly about

Another important question: how to treat antibiotics? It is known that these drugs are prescribed to babies too often, even though antibacterial drugs do not help in the fight against viral infections. And since it is the viruses that usually cause digestive disorders (diarrhea) and respiratory diseases, it is impossible to defeat them with antibiotics. That's why you should treat them carefully!

Whatever happens to the baby, do not give him antibiotics on your own, without consulting a doctor. All drugs of this class are complex, non-universal and completely unhealthy. Each type of antibiotic acts on certain, sensitive microorganisms, and only the doctor will be able to determine which drug will help the baby. Due to improperly selected antibiotic, the disease can be delayed, it "attenuates" signs of malaise, and it will be difficult to identify the problem, if at all possible. And it is very important to know how long it takes to take medicine and what dose it is needed to defeat microbes. If the treatment is stopped before the time, the pathogens get a respite, during which time they may become immune to the prescribed drug - and the course of treatment will have to start anew. In addition, in addition to the correct choice of medication, there is also the problem of adverse reactions, which can cause most of the antibiotics. In this list - allergic reactions, Quincke's edema (edema of the eyelids, face, hands, feet), abnormalities in the work of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, abdominal pain, loose stools), decreased hemoglobin.

Intestinal infections: an alternative to antibiotics is

Recently, even for the treatment of acute intestinal infections in infants, antibiotics are very rarely used. Doctors use them only if the disease is severe or it concerns children with weakened immunity. Antibiotics are successfully replaced with other drugs - enterosorbents (for example, Smektoy, Beaufour Ipsen), immunopreparations (Kip, Bifiliz), probiotics (Probiophore, Bifiform, Ferrosan), biological preparations (Bifidumbacterin forte, Enterol, Biocodex).

Special offer

Since from time to time children still have to be treated for some kind of ailment, some pharmacological companies produce medicines intended for very young people. These are preparations in drops, syrups, powders, effervescent tablets. And that the child was easier to swallow, to taste, they resemble real fruits.

  1. Remedies for temperature and pain (Panadol, GlaxoSmithKline; Efferalgan UPSA, UPSA; Nurofen, Boots Healthcare).
  2. Antifungal drugs (Diflucan, Pfizer).
  3. Medications that improve the functioning of the liver and gallbladder (Hofitol, Rosa-Phytopharma, Galstena, Richard Bittner).
  4. Remedies for diarrhea (Riabal, Chiesi).
  5. Medicines for intestinal colic (Subsimplex, Parke-Davis, Espumizan-40, Berlin-Chemie).
  6. Preparations, which include bacteria of normal intestinal microflora (Bifidumbacterin, Bifiform, Ferrossan, Lactobacterin, Linex, Lek).
  7. Laxatives (preparations based on the substance of lactulose, Forlax, Beaufour Ipsen).

These drugs are freely sold in pharmacies, but they should not be given to children without special reasons. If the baby starts complaining of a headache or abdominal cramps, first consult a doctor. As for vitamins, in this matter, too, it is worth looking for a middle ground. Often caring mothers think that a child eats little, his appetite is poor and that as a result he does not receive important substances for his development. Vitamins are really needed for the baby, although children, whose parents care about a balanced diet, are unlikely to encounter the problem of vitamin deficiency. If this happens, it will be much more important to change the baby's nutrition so that in the future he does not have such problems, and at the same time take some vitamins, which your doctor recommends to your child.

ATTENTIVE PARENTS

After receiving an appointment from a doctor, ask him some important questions:

  • Does the child really need this medicine?
  • Is there an alternative treatment for the disease without using medication?
  • How does the drug work, after what time does the effect occur?
  • What if the medicine does not work?
  • What products can affect the effectiveness of the drug?
  • Is it possible to give the child at the same time and other medicines, for example a remedy for colic?
  • Do I need to continue to give prescribed medications if the baby suddenly heals before the end of treatment?
Read on this topic:
  • Recipes from the grandmother's chest
  • We take the sick leave!
  • Medicines without a prescription to the kid?

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