Bronchitis

bronchitis in children and adultsBronchitis is a disease in which bronchitis is inflamed. Bronchi is a part of the respiratory system. They are pipes that connect lung tissue to the trachea. Bronchitis is the most common disease of the human respiratory system. There are such forms of bronchitis: acute form of bronchitis, chronic form and bronchiolitis. Acute bronchitis is an acute inflammatory process in bronchuses of medium size and large. There is a primary acute bronchitis and primary acute bronchitis. Primary acute bronchitis is an independent disease, in which the pathological process develops in the bronchi and beyond their limits. The most common reason for acute bronchitis is fungal, viral and bacterial infection. Secondary bronchitis is characterized by inflammation of the bronchi as a result of complications of other diseases. The term chronic bronchitis is often replaced by another term - COPD - chronic obstructive bronchopneumopathy. In the case of chronic inflammation of the bronchi, the entire complex of pathological changes occurs in the lungs. Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammation of the bronchial tubes and bronchi of small caliber.

The causes of the appearance and development of bronchitis

The most common cause of this disease in children is a transmitted virus infection, for example, influenza, which results in the destruction of the mucous membrane of the lower respiratory tract. Usually, the child's throat becomes inflamed at first, then the infection spreads further, affecting the bronchi, primarily large ones, and then small ones. The same cause of development of bronchitis can be a bacterial infection. The same disease can arise because of a mixed cause, that is, after penetrating the respiratory tract of a viral and bacterial infection simultaneously. The child can be affected by bronchial irritating physical or chemical factors, for example, by inhaling tobacco smoke, gasoline. In some cases, the cause of bronchitis can be allergic. Some children have a high sensitivity to some allergens - house dust, pollen of flowers, trees, and this can provoke a reaction of the bronchial mucosa. Bronchitis can manifest itself as one of the signs of congenital malformations of the respiratory organs, which are accompanied by a purulent process in the lungs.
The disease is acute and chronic. Chronic bronchitis develops because of poor-quality or untimely treatment of acute bronchitis. For example, after parents have noticed a cough in the child, they begin to engage in self-medication. After the temporary onset of the child's relief, the parents think that the disease has passed, but in fact only the symptoms that were manifested were removed. And after a while the bronchitis again becomes aggravated and turns into a chronic form. Bronchitis, which is repeated, is very dangerous, because it depletes the walls of the bronchi, while creating the conditions for the development of asthma over time. For this reason, the cough that has developed in a child needs to be started immediately and treated without discontinuing treatment until the child is fully recovered.

Symptoms of bronchitis

Symptoms of acute bronchitis. In winter, infectious bronchitis usually occurs. Basically it starts with such signs that look like an ordinary cold. The first symptoms are fatigue, perspiration in the throat, then a cough arises. At first, the cough is dry, but after a while it becomes wet. When you cough, you can see yellow, white, and sometimes greenish sputum. In some cases, body temperature may increase. If symptoms persist for a long time or even intensify, then an X-ray examination should be performed to exclude or confirm pneumonia (pneumonia), since this disease often occurs as a result of complication of bronchitis.

Diagnosis of bronchitis

Diagnosis of bronchitis основывается на обследовании больного ребенка врачом. Так же собираются все жалобы малыша, а если он не умеет говорить, то собирается информация от его родителей. Проводится общий анализ крови, в которой можно вывить нейтрофильный лейкоцитоз и спирометрию, что помогает точно определить, есть ли характерный для острого бронхита обструктивный синдром.

Treatment of bronchitis in children

Parents should be aware that it is unacceptable to engage in independent treatment for any form of bronchitis. Correct and effective treatment can be prescribed only by a doctor. Not every case of acute bronchitis should be treated with antibiotics. This method is used only if there is a threat of the transition of a bacterial infection in the development of pneumonia. The first thing to do with bronchitis should remove spasm of the bronchi with the use of decongestants and with the help of antispasmodics. In addition to taking medications, the doctor can recommend special massages, which are aimed at cleansing the bronchial mucus, putting mustard muscles on mustard, soaring legs. A compress can be prescribed in the presence of a wet cough.

At a high temperature and with some forms of cough, massages and warming compresses can be contraindicated, therefore, before any such event is carried out, it is necessary to consult a doctor in charge. In some cases, treatment of bronchitis can be carried out at home. But if the child has an elevated to thirty-eight degrees of body temperature, signs of intoxication, shortness of breath, then it is urgent to hospitalize him. This applies especially to children who have not reached the age of three. Children with bronchitis are recommended soft food, milk and vegetable. If the disease has appeared in the cold season, then you should drink as much liquid, warm drinks. With timely and proper treatment, bronchitis passes in two to three weeks.

Prevention of bronchitis in children

To avoid the development of this disease, it is necessary to carry out measures aimed at overall strengthening the immunity of the child. It should be properly organized exercise, rest. The baby should have the right diet, balanced and healthy food. In the room where the child is, regularly wet cleaning should be carried out. If parents smoke, then they are recommended to give up this habit. Avoid contacts of the baby with people with bronchitis. It is also important to regularly ventilate the room in which the child is.

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