HEALING PROPERTIES AND POTATO PREPARATION PROCEDURE
First potatoes as a strange overseas plant, brought by Columbus from America, were grown only for ornamental purposes on the palace flower beds. Velikosvetskie ladies of those times considered it a special glamor to appear at a ball with delicate flowers of potatoes in their hair. However very soon people understood that potatoes are a great meal, and they began to grow it not for decoration. Written a lot of books with recipes for cooking potato dishes and almost all of them begin with the words "potatoes clean ...". And completely in vain.
It is in the skin and under it - in a thin surface layer - contains a maximum of useful substances and enzymes that promote effective work of the gastrointestinal tract and good digestion of food.
When cooking refined potatoes, about 14-15% of its useful properties disappear. If you cook potatoes in a peel, that is in a uniform, the losses will be only 0.1-0.2%.
Potatoes are a dietary and even medicinal product. Approximately 20-25% of the weight of tubers is carbohydrates (starch), about 2% - proteinaceous substances and 0.3% - fat. The tuber protein is rich in various amino acids and refers to full-length proteins. Potatoes contain a lot of potassium (568 mg per 100 g wet weight), phosphorus (50 mg), a significant amount of magnesium calcium and iron. Vitamins C, B, B2, B6, VR, D, K, E, folic acid, carotene and organic acids are found in tubers: apple, oxalic, citric, coffee, chlorogenic and others.
When cooking potatoes in the skin, about 25% of vitamin C is destroyed, while cooking purified - 30-40%. When storing potatoes during the day, no further destruction of vitamin C occurs. Therefore, potatoes in a uniform can be welded in the morning, going to work, and in the evening to cook on its basis a delicious dinner.
The caloric content of potatoes is twice the calorie content of carrots and three-cabbage. Thanks to the large content of potassium, it helps to remove water and salt from the body, which improves metabolism, so potatoes are considered an indispensable product in dietary nutrition. Especially rich in potassium baked potatoes, which retains the maximum of useful substances. It is even recommended for use in hypertension, atherosclerosis and heart failure.
Potatoes in uniform have another invaluable advantage for gentle female hands - it does not need to be cleaned. Rather, it is necessary, but when it is already cooked. And to remove a thin clean peel is much more pleasant, than to clean a dirty skin.
The only contraindication to the preparation of potatoes in the peel is the alkaloid solanine. It is a bitter and poisonous substance, accumulating in the skin under the influence of light and with prolonged storage. Especially a lot of solanine is found in green and germinated tubers. Such potatoes can be cooked only after properly peeling, otherwise this substance can cause symptoms of food poisoning.
In addition, nitrates accumulate in the peel from the soil, so if potatoes are grown on fertilized soils, it should not only be cleaned, but then kept in water for 30-40 minutes. Shruged and strongly sprouted tubers of the old harvest is better not to eat: neither "in uniform", nor without them.
Recipes of dishes from potatoes
POTATOES FROM POTATO
250 grams of potatoes, 50 grams of milk, 50 grams of fine oil, 1 egg, 50 g of sour cream, g of sauce.
Prepare the potato mass, as for mashed potatoes, add hot milk, raw egg (better yolk) and melted warm oil. Mass well and put on a baking sheet. Align the surface with a spatula, evenly grease sour cream and bake in the oven.
When serving, cut into portioned pieces in the form of squares or rectangles and pour with melted butter (or mushroom or sour cream sauce).
STRAIGHTENING WITH MUSHROOMS
200 g of potatoes, 10 g of butter, 1 egg, 50 g of milk, 50 g of sour cream, 50 g of sauce.
The casserole is made as described in the previous recipe.
Preparation of stuffing: dried mushrooms rinse, put for two hours in cold water and cook in it for 1-1,5 hours. Rinse the salted mushrooms. Salted and cooked dried mushrooms are mixed and finely chopped. Chop onion and save on vegetable oil. Mix the chopped mushrooms with sauteed onions, add pepper and simmer for 20-30 minutes.
700 g of potatoes, 600 g of canned salmon, lemon, 3 tbsp. spoons of parsley, spices, 1 egg, flour, butter.
Peel the potatoes. Cook until fully cooked and mashed in mashed potatoes with butter. Mix with canned salmon, squeeze lemon juice, add parsley, season to taste. Form the cutlets, roll them in egg and flour and fry in cream or vegetable oil until cooked.
POTATO PURE "CLASSIC"
1.5 kg of potatoes, 150 ml of milk, 25 g of butter, nutmeg, black pepper.
Peel the potatoes, cut into slices. Boil in salt water and cook for another 15-20 minutes (until soft), drain water. Preheat milk with butter. Mash the potatoes, then pour in warm milk and sprinkle with nutmeg and black pepper. Serve hot.
Potatoes, 3 cloves of garlic, 150 ml of hot milk, 2 pinch of muscat, pepper, 1 red onion.
Boil potatoes in salted water, adding garlic to it. Mash potatoes with hot milk, nutmeg, season with pepper. Add one cut and fried red onion and butter, in which it was roasted.
Recipe: "RAW MIRACLE"
Make the mashed potatoes. Add the butter, beaten egg, chopped onions and cheese cubes. Puree salt and pepper strongly, put in a greased pot, on the surface, decompose the oil cubes. Bake in oven at 200 ° C for 30 minutes.
In the Mundir, the Lord!
Small potatoes must be thoroughly washed and cleaned of impurities, put in the oven and baked until a crust is formed. Finished potatoes must be cleaned and served with salt, butter or various sauces. Young baked potatoes can be eaten along with peel.
VARESHKA IN THE MUNDER
Wash potatoes and clean them from contamination, put in a saucepan, pour salted water and cook until done. Peel potatoes and serve with various sauces or use for cooking salads, casseroles and other dishes.
3-4 cooked in a uniform of a potato, 1 cucumber, 2 average carrots, 3-4 st. spoons of mayonnaise, salt and black ground pepper to taste, a little finely chopped parsley or dill.
Wash the cucumber and cut into thin slices. Peel potatoes and cut into thin slices. For this salad it is better to boil the unfermented potatoes. Carrots clean and grate on a fine grater to make a mashed potatoes. Stir the vegetables gently, cover with mayonnaise, salt, pepper, sprinkle with herbs and serve.
POTATO SALAD "LOVERS MARINADES"
300 g marinated mushrooms, 4-5 potatoes welded in a uniform, 2 pickles, 1 onion, 1/2 cup finely chopped green onions.
For refueling: 5 tbsp. spoons of vegetable oil, 3 teaspoonfuls. spoons of 3% vinegar or freshly squeezed lemon juice, 1 teaspoonful. spoon of salt, 1 teaspoonful. a spoonful of sugar, ground pepper, 1 teaspoonful. a mustard spoon.
Mushrooms, potatoes and pickled cucumbers cut into thin slices, onions - half rings. Mix the prepared foods, pour the dressing, stir, lay the slide in a salad bowl and sprinkle finely chopped green onions.
POTATO WITH SMOKE AND CHEESE
4-5 medium potatoes brewed in a uniform, 1/2 cup grated cheese (such as "Dutch" or cheese), 1 tbsp. spoon of sour cream.
Remove the hot potatoes and cut into cubes. Add to the potatoes grated cheese on a large grater, mix, put on a plate and pour sour cream.
To make it sharp, you can sprinkle the salad with black or red hot pepper. Get the perfect garnish for grilled meat or fish.
SALAD "WINTER ON THE THRESHOLD"
2 apples, 3 potatoes, 2 pickles, 1 small onion, 1/2 cup of canned sweet pepper, 1 boiled carrot, 3-4 tablespoons. spoons of mayonnaise.
Boil potatoes in a uniform, cool, clean and cut into cubes. Do the same with carrots. Onion, pickles and canned sweet peppers finely chop. Peel apples from the peel and seeds and cut into plates. Half of the apples and all the other ingredients mix and season with mayonnaise, the remaining apples decorate the salad.
4-5 potatoes brewed in a uniform, 1 onion, 3-4 cloves of garlic, 3 tbsp. spoons of vegetable or butter, salt, greens.
Peeled cloves of garlic and onions finely chopped and fried in oil (2-3 minutes) until soft. Do not make the fire too strong for garlic and onions not to burn. Peel and cut the potatoes into cubes, add onion, garlic, salt to taste, gently mix, put on a dish and sprinkle with dill. This salad with yogurt or kefir will be a great lunch or dinner. It is also good as a side dish to fried or stewed pork.
SALAD "ANY CAPRICE"
1 can of sardines (saury) in oil, 5-6 medium potatoes welded in a uniform, 2 mandarins, 3-4 st. spoons of mayonnaise, black pepper.
Tangerines clean and divide into slices. Cool the potatoes, peel, cut into thin slices, lay flattened on a plate, salt, pour oil from a tin can and sprinkle with pepper. Cut the slices of fish into small pieces and lay them on top of the potatoes. Pour the salad with mayonnaise, spread the lobules of mandarins on top, let stand for 10 minutes and serve. Salad has a very gentle, refreshing taste, which is liked by adults and children alike.
SALAD WITH SHRIMP
400 grams of shrimp, 200 g potatoes cooked in uniform, 1/2 cup of canned green peas, 1 boiled egg, 1 tbsp. spoon of lemon juice, 3-4 tbsp. spoons of mayonnaise.
Egg boil hard, cool, clean and cut into slices. Prawns boil (3-5 minutes) in salted water, cleaned of shell, cut into small pieces. Peel potatoes and cut into cubes. Mix the shrimp, potatoes, green peas, sprinkle with lemon juice. Then add the mayonnaise and mix again. Decorate the salad with lobster eggs.
400 g smoked fish, 3 hard-boiled eggs, 4-5 potatoes welded in a uniform, 2 tbsp. spoons of grated horseradish, 3 tbsp. spoons of mayonnaise, parsley and dill.
Remove fish from the skin, separate from bones and cut into small pieces. Eggs boil hard, peel and cut into small cubes. Potatoes cool, clean and also cut into cubes. Mix the prepared foods, add horseradish, season with mayonnaise, sprinkle with parsley and dill.
Omelette with potato
2 eggs, 2 tbsp. spoons of sour cream, 2 potatoes cooked in a uniform, 1 tbsp. a spoon of butter or vegetable oil, salt and pepper to taste, greens (for decoration).
Peel potatoes, chop, fry in oil. Mix the eggs, sour cream, salt and pepper until smooth, pour on the potatoes, close the frying pan with a lid and bring it to a low heat. Put the omelet on a plate and sprinkle with herbs.
SALMON, BAKED WITH POTATOES
300-350 g fillet of salted herring ("Matias", etc.), 8-10 small potatoes, 2 onions, 2 tbsp. spoons of oil, 1/2 cup sour cream, 1/2 cup grated cheese.
Potatoes boil in a uniform, peeled, cut into slices. Finely chop the onion and fry it in oil. Cut the herring fillets into slices. Well grease the baking dish, put half of the potatoes on it, and top - the herring fillets. Sprinkle with fried onion, pour sour cream, cover the remaining potatoes, put pieces of butter and sprinkle with grated cheese. Bake in the oven for 15-20 minutes.
Serve the casserole with fresh salad of sweet peppers, tomatoes and radish.
POTATOES WITH MAKOM
500 g of potatoes, a few sprigs of dill, egg white, 1 teaspoonful. spoon poppy, salt, nutmeg.
Boiled in a uniform and still hot potatoes to clear, knead, fill with salt, nutmeg and chopped dill, mix well. Fill the potato with a culinary syringe with a star-shaped tip and squeeze this mass onto a greased baking sheet in the form of a pigtail. "Pigtail" grease with egg whites and bake in the oven for 5 minutes at a temperature of 180 ° C. Before serving, sprinkle the "pigtail" with poppy seeds.
"THUNDER AND LIGHTNING"
4 sausages, 4 pork chops, 1 kg of potatoes, 1 kg of sour apples, 2 onions, 500 ml of meat broth, butter or margarine, breadcrumbs, salt, pepper.
Dice the peeled apples and potatoes. Pour apples with cold water and vinegar so that they do not darken. Boil the potatoes in a meat broth with spices, add apples and simmer for about 10 minutes until almost all the broth has boiled out.
Chop salted, pepper, roll in breadcrumbs. Heat the fat to a boil and fry the chops on both sides. When they are almost ready, cut the sausages and fry them in a frying pan with chops.
Finished potatoes and apples put on a dish, salt well, pepper and cover with chops and sausages. Fry onion rings and decorate the dish with them.