According to the conclusion of the World Health Organization, addressing the problem of iodine deficiency will be the most important achievement of world health and will surpass the eradication of smallpox in its importance. In many countries, this task has long been a state affair: the contribution of this element to our well-being is so significant.
The fact that iodine is found in modest quantities on the territory of our country has been known for a long time - this is the peculiarity of the composition of Russian soils. But the idea to compensate for this shortage appeared recently - in the 50s of the twentieth century - and summed up the study of the causes of the disorder in the thyroid gland in adults and children, and a decrease in intelligence in infants. It turned out that in most cases, their appearance is associated with a shortage of iodine, which could be prevented.
Shortly after the report of the researchers, in 1953, a government order was issued, which fixed measures to combat this shortage. Henceforth, all the salt produced in the country was to be enriched with iodine, and the group most sensitive to the shortage of this element - babies, future and young mothers - receive it additionally with a special preparation. As a result, by the beginning of the 1970s, the problem of iodine deficiency in the Soviet Union was resolved and would never have arisen again if in 1991 the program that was adopted forty years ago did not cease to exist. Its cancellation brought us back to the starting point: according to statistics, a Russian gets 40-80 micrograms of iodine per day with an official minimum of 150-200 micrograms! This shortage causes a lot of problems, but the most important of them are thyroid dysfunction in adults, and in children also a decrease in cognitive abilities.Consultant Our consultant: Ekaterina Troshina, Head of the Department of iodine deficiency status of the Endocrinology Research Center of RAMS, Executive Director of the Center for iodine deficiency disorders of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation His Majesty iodine
- belongs to a group of vitally important vitamins;
- enters the structure of thyroid hormones, on which the rate of flow of almost all metabolic processes in our body depends;
- in the composition of hormones participates in the laying and maturation of the brain and the formation of the human intellect;
- It is necessary for us at every stage of life, but especially in those periods when the body is formed and develops: before birth and the first few years after birth.
As you have already understood, the shortage of iodine and its consequences can be prevented. Do this by acting in two directions: start using iodized salt and take special medications (Jodomarin, Berlin-Chemie, Iodobalance, Nycomed). The second point of the program concerns first of all future nursing mothers and babies, because they need protection from iodine deficiency most of all, and they need a great demand for this element. Pay attention: "vitamins", which women usually take, will not replace iodine preparations; rather, on the contrary, they will successfully complement each other. The dose of 300-350 μg, obtained by their combined "efforts", will soon become a legitimate "standard" for future and lactating mothers. Let's remind once again: a daily "dose" of 150-200 mcg is the minimum that our body needs for normal work, and exceeding this indicator is not only not dangerous, but in a sense even desirable. By the way, the threshold above which you should not go up is very far, it is 1000 micrograms per day.Check the situation
Programs to study iodine deficiency have long existed in Europe: from time to time a special survey is conducted by residents of different countries and regions. Since the beginning of the work of the project "Tiromobil" such checks have been carried out in the territory of Russia. The initiator of the movement - in the literal sense of the word - was the company "Nycomed", and its partners - Endocrinology Research Center of the Russian Academy of Medical Science and the Center for iodine deficiency of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation. Thanks to their efforts, the car, equipped with the necessary equipment to study the pathology of the thyroid gland, visited the last 3 years in 25 expeditions to 40 cities of Russia. The obtained data helped to identify the most vulnerable regions and became the basis for developing anti-crisis programs. To make an even more accurate picture of the situation, in 2004 the project was expanded. Now it includes several directions of examination: 1 - junior schoolchildren and adolescents are tested for iodine availability; 2 - future mothers are tested for two items: the content of this element in the body and the presence of problems in the work of the thyroid gland; 3 - adults give tests for thyroid status. Probably, soon "Tiromobil" with a team of researchers on board will appear in your city!
As for toddlers, they must also take iodine preparations: babies - as soon as they stop receiving mother's milk, babies who eat artificial mixture - starting from 6 months, to provide this element with their body and, first of all, the developing brain.
More information about the problem: www.endocrincentr.ru
Center for iodine deficiency status of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of the Russian Federation: [email protected]