Where do the difficulties in studying come from?

A lot is said about the problems that can affect the state of the nervous system of children during pregnancy and childbirth. But how do they arise and how does it turn out that these violations "drag" the difficulties in their studies?

During pregnancy, the main rule at this stage is: "If the mother feels bad, the baby in the womb feels just as bad." Viral infections, kidney diseases and many other things all affect the state of the child to a greater or lesser degree. Especially often there are circulatory disorders between him and his mother. And most clearly they manifest themselves at the threat of termination of pregnancy, increased tone of the uterus. Cutting, the uterus squeezes the vessels feeding the baby, he begins to miss the main thing that he receives from his mother - food and breathing. Agree, to fulfill in such conditions your main program - development - it is much more difficult. Of course, this affects the brain. Perhaps, as the most complex structure - more than other organs. Deprived of the conditions for normal development, the brain, to all other things, along with the whole organism comes to the birth not completely prepared.

In the process of childbirth Now the birth is increasingly becoming a planned event. And these plans are set not by nature, but by social institutions that are far from it, such as, for example, the schedule for the "doctor"'s duty. In addition (and this is also a trend of recent years), births do not always go in the proper sequence. And the efforts of the expelling muscles of the uterus muscles exceed the degree of opening of its neck. Then it turns out that the child "beats his head in closed doors". As a result, there is an unjustified delay during childbirth. The reasons mentioned are far from all, only the most important and common.

To what changes in the child's body do they lead? Let us dwell on the most frequently encountered ones. As you know, there is a bark in the brain that "thinks", and a subcortex "that does". What are the subcortical structures of the brain doing? Control the muscle tone, level of activity (including excitability), regulate the work of organs and much more. The main task of the child's brain during childbirth is not to comprehend the situation, but to regulate the state of all organs and the circulatory system, to trigger the first inhalation mechanism on the way out. The problems are many, they are all important, and therefore the subcortical structures work with the greatest stress in labor. The bark "as superfluous" seems to be turned off, therefore, in the presence of all sorts of undesirable influences, the main blow falls on the most active formations - the subcortex. To all else in the process of childbirth, the head of the child repeatedly bends and unbends, and in this position, any violation of the circulation of blood falls precisely on the subcortical structures of the brain.

After birth In order to understand what the above mentioned disorders are manifested in children, let's remember what the subcortex is doing - providing the rhythm of sleep and wakefulness, the degree of excitability, the regulation of muscle tone and the work of internal organs. That is why children who have experienced some sort of problems in childbirth meet in different combinations an increase in excitability, muscle tone disturbance, sleep and the work of internal organs (who has the "marbling" of the skin, who has frequent regurgitation, and so on). At the same time, due to the fact that the cerebral cortex is affected to a lesser extent, there are usually no significant delays in the rate of development.

And then what? Such a child grows up and receives restorative treatment. Gradually, the disturbances in the tone, the disorders of the vegetative system come to normal (they regurgitate, warm hands and feet warm), he becomes calmer, and his sleep sets in. To the end it? Alas, not always. What do we have at an older age? A child with a good intellectual development, active, sometimes too much (often due to increased activity such children outstrip their peers in development), a little awkward (for example, for what he undertakes, he will drop, walk awkwardly). Due to the surviving elements of increased excitability, a small stress for such kids can turn into what is called neurotic reactions - a small tick, frequent running to the toilet, night surprises on the same topic. Excessive impressionability leads to the fact that they are quickly depleted: for example, after a visit to a guest they become whiny, badly fall asleep. So, these children carry a paradoxical combination of good intelligence and increased exhaustion. Of course, they attract special attention. In addition, they require this attention.

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