Each parent once thinks about whether the school in which his child is going is good. What should he do to learn for the sake of knowledge, not for the sake of marks? What should be the school in which children will walk with a smile? How to discard the superfluous and take only the best from the learning process? In the world there are schools that are completely different from those to which we are accustomed. We decided to tell about the most amazing of them. Summerhill School (Great Britain).
How would you react to an educational institution, where you can go to school only if you wish. Children themselves decide what, when and in what volume to study. Or not to study. They, along with teachers, run the school, issue laws, punish violators, in general, in fact, do what they want. This concept was invented and implemented in 1921 by Alexander Sutherland Nill, who believed that freedom is the only thing that truly makes a child happy. Summerhill is a boarding school, which has been successfully operating in the UK for almost a hundred years. The newspapers were skeptical about calling it the "do-it-anything" school. In fact, this educational institution turned out to be revolutionary, based on democratic principles, where the main rule is to treat others with respect. That's where the children are ready to truly answer for their actions, because they work out the rules themselves. And when the child at Summerhill makes a conscious decision that it is time to go to school, his motivation, coming from within, allows doing this many times more effectively and intensively than for children from traditional schools. A. Nill wrote in his book "Summerhill - Freedom Education": "We undertook to create a school in which children would be given the freedom to be themselves. For this, we had to give up all discipline, all government, all suggestion, all moral teachings, all religious instruction ... All that was required was faith: in the child, in that he is by nature good and not evil . For more than 40 years, the belief in the good nature of the child has never wavered and, rather, has turned into a final certainty. " And again: "I believe that the child is internally wise and realistic. If he is left alone, without any suggestions from adults, he will develop himself as much as he can develop. "
Want to learn more about Summerhill School - visit her official site summerhillschool.co.ukALPHA Alternative School (Канада)
This is a living proof that schools like "Samerhill" take root around the world. "Alpha" was opened in 1972 and promotes an exclusively democratic approach to learning. Unlike Summerhill, Alfa is not a private boarding school, but a public school accessible to everyone. Canadian teachers are trying to use different methods, including the Montessori system, which is one of the directions of personal-oriented pedagogy. For each child they try to find a special approach, and judging by the results, they get it right.
School official website: alphaschool.caPublic School of Mountain Mahogany (USA, Albuquerque)
This school has chosen an extremely unusual way of admission of students: there are those who won the lottery. On the school's website, you can fill out a special form and wait for you to be lucky or not. Three main principles of learning: pleasure, safety and emotional development. The school has its usual subjects, but apart from them, children are taught gardening, cooking, sewing and, most importantly, interaction with the surrounding world. The program and the concept of the school are based on neurological studies, according to which active involvement and a positive atmosphere are needed for quality education. Therefore, the school, in particular, pays much attention to interaction with the families of students.
School website: mountainmahogany.orgWestwood School (USA, Dallas)
The Montessori system today is not surprising, but finding a school that has been teaching children for many years using this method throughout all the school years has not been easy. For example, in Moscow there are no such schools, as there are no adapted programs for high school students. But in Dallas such a school exists for almost 30 years, since 1986. The teaching principle in Westwood is based on the Chinese saying: "I forget what I hear, I remember what I see and I know what I'm doing." Here, the basic principles of Montessori teaching are observed: a special environment filled with educational materials is created, getting into which the student chooses what to do. Children in Westwood help each other, there is even a special mentoring system. And they also learn such skills, which are not very common for most schools, like, for example, entrepreneurship.
Official website of the school: westwoodschool.orgSchool of the Future (USA, Philadelphia)
School of the Future - this educational institution strives to keep pace with the times, therefore the whole educational process is built on the use of the latest technologies. Children use smartphones, tablets, laptops have a stable Internet connection, they do not have regular school boards, but they have smart boards. The main principle of the school's work is to study not only in the classroom. In the modern world, the founders of the School of the Future believe, there are no boundaries, so the students should not be limited to teaching in four walls. On the basis of the school, special communities are created, designed to involve and unite all the students. And the program is adapted for modern software.
School website: sof.philasd.orgThe Studio School (USA, New York)
This small school uses an extremely unusual approach to the formation of classes: children are grouped in different age groups. Studies have shown that children with a difference in age within two years of excellent learning from each other. In addition, the school promotes a child-centered approach to the child, so their approach is based on combining in children two aspects: what they study and who they are. Needless to say, "Studio" places a special emphasis on revealing the creative potential of children.
Official website: studioschoolnyc.orgTinkering School (CIS, San Francisco)
If you watched the Disney cartoon film "Tinker Bell" someday, you will understand why I really want to call this school - the fairies school, to be exact, the school of masters. Students who were lucky enough to go to Tinkering School regularly give out building materials and tools to build and reinvent. Boats, rides, all kinds of transport, yes, in general, everything that imagination has is enough - that's what children do in this school.
School website: tinkeringschool.comSchools of Vladimir Bazarny (Russia)
We, as it turned out, also have a non-traditional approach to learning. For example, Vladimir Bazarny created the method "The system of sensory freedom and emancipation," whose motto is "no seating at desks." In order to make the pupils cheerful, healthier and better learn the material, during the lessons they learn for some time while sitting, and for a while - standing behind a special desk. Visual aids are in different points of the class. There is no cool board, but the neck does not become numb, and the eyesight works as it should. In elementary school children write pen and ink. And the most interesting and unexpected is the gender division of classes. Girls and boys have different programs. They are found only in music, dance and elective classes. Boys are dedicated to "heroes", and girls to "bridesmaids". This is the basis of the educational program: boys are taught to defend the Motherland, and girls are prepared for motherhood right from the first grade.
Official site of Vladimir Bazarny: bazarny.ruSuzuki International Academy of Technology and the Talent Research Institute (Japan)
This is not a comprehensive school, but it is such an educational institution, of which it is impossible not to mention. This is the place where children are taught music from the very beginning. Shinichi Suzuki was truly a brilliant teacher. His simple discovery was that all children speak their own language. And if so, then, being in the right environment, for example, in the musical, they are able to independently learn to play any musical instrument. Its institute was founded in 1946, and since then, Suzuki's method has become known around the world. The principle of training by the method of Suzuki is this: children from the very birth must be surrounded by music. When they arrive at the age of 3-4 years, they listen and observe first, it can last even about six months or more. And when the kid is sufficiently motivated and ready, he will be able to pick up a musical instrument, for example, a violin, and start practicing. Suzuki's school became world famous after a concert in Tokyo in 1955, in which 1200 small violinists played in unison.
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