Important measurements

These figures are very much used by doctors and moms, because they can tell a lot about how the baby grows and develops. We are talking about such indicators as the weight, height and volume of the baby's head.

If 9 months of pregnancy have passed without complications, the child is likely to be born with a weight of 3-3.2 kg. Immediately after birth, most babies lose up to 10% of weight, getting rid of accumulated feces and excess fluid. But in a week the kids make up for the losses, and in each of the first 3 months they recruit about 700 grams.

Many young mothers immediately begin to worry, noticing that their child weighs a little less than it should. These excitements are justified, since much depends on treasured kilograms: growth, work of the immune and nervous system of the baby. But first you need to figure out if there is a reason for unrest, because every kid develops at its own pace, and small "variations" are quite acceptable. If the crumb adds at least 600 g per month, and by the end of the first half-year - 300 g, there are no grounds for concern. But if a little strongly ahead of peers, gaining a month in kilograms and more, parents should consult with a doctor. This situation may indicate problems of the endocrine system.

Grow big!

Changes in growth are slower than changes in weight. If in the first year the children manage to triple their weight (on average from 3 kg to 10-10.5 kg), then they grow "only" 1.5 times (usually from 50 to 75 cm). The fastest children grow in the first three months, adding in each of them 3 cm; and then the rate of increase is slightly reduced: 2.5 cm per month until the end of the first half of the year, and then 1.5-1 cm per month up to a year.

Looking at the newborn, it is impossible to predict what growth it will become when it grows up. Whether it is high or low, depends on many conditions: genetic "inheritance", mother's health before or during pregnancy (infections, toxicosis and others), congenital problems.

Wise head

The circumference of the baby's head will be properly assessed only by a doctor, so parents do not have the sense to arm themselves with a centimeter. But the specialists this indicator will tell whether the child's brain is developing correctly. Normally, the newborns have a head circumference of 34-36 cm. At first, the head grows fairly quickly, about 1.5 cm per month; after 3 months - by 0,5-1 cm and by 6 months reaches 43 cm in the girth. If the baby is much ahead of the norm or behind it, it can indicate problems of the nervous system; the head is markedly increased in children and in rickets. True, with serious violations, its size is never the only sign.

Weigh the baby, measure his height and the circumference of the head enough once a month. It is better to entrust this task to the pediatrician, because only he will be able to make a thorough study of what the figures indicate. For example, a doctor will assess the growth of a child on special centile tables and compare them with the weight gain curve - these two indicators should not be considered separately, but together.

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