Gingivitis in children

Your baby often complains of pain in the area of ​​the oral cavity during meals, is capricious and refuses to brush his teeth? Then this will be the first signal to pay attention to the condition of his gums. If you observe reddening of the gums and bleeding even with a very light touch, then, most likely, the kid has faced such an unpleasant illness as gingivitis - a common gum disease, accompanied by their inflammatory process. It is important to remember that the best way to recognize a particular disease is by consulting an experienced specialist, in this case a dentist. Often, moms mistakenly begin to treat gingivitis, when in fact it is quite a different illness. The inflammatory process of gums in a child can also proceed with periodontitis, periodontitis and herpetic stomatitis. Inaccurate diagnosis is the cause of improper treatment. How to treat gingivitis in children Gingivitis affects both small children and adults, in children this disease occurs much more often.

Contributing factors

There are a number of factors that contribute to the development of gingivitis. The most common among them are:
  • microbes are one of the easiest ways of getting infected when your baby is brushing his teeth, or he does it with great reluctance, microbes at the same time have the ability to breed at high speed, this habitat will attract them much more.
  • mechanical injuries - when the baby has cuts, scratches, burns and other disorders in the oral cavity. Therefore, we strongly recommend that moms closely monitor what your child is playing and what he is eating.
  • biological agents - a fairly common form of gingivitis, and to avoid it, you need time to treat the teeth in children, then the likelihood of developing the disease decreases.
  • load on the dentoalveolar system - is caused by a violation of chewing functions and congenital deficiencies of the oral cavity.
  • prolonged teething entails the accumulation of microbes that actively inflame the gum.
But in addition to these factors, there are additional, they do not themselves cause gingivitis, but they contribute to its occurrence. Such factors are divided into local and general.
The local can include defects in the treatment of teeth (overhanging the edges of the seals), various bite anomalies, mouth breathing, sharp edges of teeth, etc. Common include infectious diseases, problems with the cardiovascular system and pathology of the gastrointestinal tract.

Causes of gingivitis in children

One of the main reasons for the development of gingivitis in children is considered to be poor oral hygiene, it may be improper cleaning of teeth, plaque and dental deposits. causes of gingivitis in children The causes of the development of the disease are very diverse and they are divided into external and internal. The influence of medical, physical and chemical factors should be referred to external factors, and such trivial causes as dental growth, insufficient amounts of vitamins, weak immunity, malnutrition, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, bite pathology, etc., among adolescents occur in children. Gyngitis occurs more often in adolescents total hormonal changes in the body. In children, the cause of gingivitis is usually an infection. It is easy to bring it, it will be served by dirty and unwashed hands, toys (children always want to taste them) and food.


  1. The first bell for moms should be bleeding gums. If you observe it with your baby, then the inflammatory process has already started in his body. symptoms of gingivitis in a child This sign can easily go unnoticed and it happens that the child is delivered to the dentist already with a critical condition of the gums, and this entails a rather unpleasant smell from the mouth, pain and burning.
  2. Sometimes with this disease the child has a slight increase in body temperature and malaise.
  3. Gingivitis can be determined easily and simply visually by a specialist. This is accompanied by reddening of the mucous membrane and its swelling, the appearance of sores on the gums and, of course, bleeding.
  4. Children at an early age with gingivitis refuse to eat, they often cry and become irritated.

Types of gingivitis

In medical practice, there are catarrhal, hypertrophic, atrophic and ulcerative gingivitis. Most often, children suffer from catarrhal gingivitis. This kind is accompanied by discomfort in the gum area, itching and bad breath. During the meal, the bleeding of the gums is often troubled. Your child may not complain of pain, but can, for example, refuse brushing his teeth. An acute catarrhal appearance of gingivitis occurs with accidental mucosal trauma or burns. Very often catarrhal gingivitis occurs when a baby's teeth are pricked. catarrhal gingivitis Hypertrophic gingivitis occurs during the puberty of a child during a transitional period, hormonal diseases. This can happen with a lack of vitamin C in the body. Hypertrophic gingivitis affects parts of the jaw (upper and lower), areas where the teeth are tightly touching each other and areas with different dental abnormalities. This process only covers one or two gums, in rare cases a site with several teeth. Gingival papilla enlarge and cover part of the tooth. hypertrophic gingivitis The causes of atrophic gingivitis is improper treatment of teeth or dentoalveolar anomalies. Inflammation, compared with other forms, is not very pronounced, the color of the gums does not change, the child can not complain of pain. But, in spite of all this, gum tissues suffer, and over time the cervical tooth is exposed, in some cases even its root. After this, painful and unpleasant sensations may already occur. With atrophic gingivitis, teeth react painfully to cold and hot. atrophic gingivitis Ulcerative gingivitis can occur when a child has an infectious process in the body or after a hypothermia. There is a necrosis of tissues, the saliva becomes viscous, the gums swell and bleed, they even turn blue, hurt and itch and this is all accompanied by a large amount of plaque. If you do not start treatment at this stage, as a result of intoxication the child does not sleep well, constantly fusses and refuses to eat. ulcerative gingivitis If gingivitis affects all of the baby's teeth, then they speak of a generalized process, if it occurs in separate areas-localized.

Treatment of gingivitis in children

The treatment of gingivitis should definitely be done by the dentist. Even if you decided to treat the baby at home using folk methods, then all the same, you should consult an expert before that. Treat gingivitis can:
  • professional cleaning with a specialist (dentist);
  • medicinal preparations;
  • treatment of caries;
  • training the baby to clean teeth properly;
  • strengthening of immunity.
First of all, your child will be rendered a service of removing plaque and tartar. The dentist will hold a professional oral hygiene session. Thus, he will remove all dental deposits (this is done with the help of ultrasound). After that, the teeth are polished. This procedure is completely painless, if you find the right approach to the child, he may even like it. After the dentist cleans the tooth surface, anti-inflammatory procedures are prescribed - rinsing the oral cavity with an antiseptic solution (for example, chlorhexidine or miramistin). Children who do not know how to rinse their mouths themselves are prescribed applications with special gels (metrogyl denta, holisal). Physiotherapeutic procedures use UV, intraoral electrophoresis or laser therapy of the oral mucosa. Gingivitis is a viral infection, so antibiotics are useless here. Best in this case will help children's paracetamol or ibuprofen. It is very important that mothers know that children under 12 years old can not be given aspirin categorically, since it can cause various side effects. children's gingivitis and infection A child should drink a lot of fluids, even when it hurts. Give him something sour and cool or still water. Treat your baby with ice cream, frozen yoghurt, apple puree or something that will not need to be chewed. Turn off the menu very hot and cold dishes, serve warm food. Watch for the vitamin A, B, C, D vitamins to enter the baby's body. You can also use irrigation with mucous solution of potassium permanganate, hydrogen peroxide, baking soda or potassium permanganate. Rinse the mouth with mouthwashes of herbs from chamomile, sage, nettle, St. John's wort, mint, oak bark, marigold, propolis, birch or green tea to help with the infection. The inflammatory process, which has long "settled" in the child's body, can affect the bone tissue, which in the future will lead to periodontitis and tooth loss.

Fight the disease must be done on time and you should not run it until it has passed into more severe stages. In some neglected cases, children lost even a whole series of teeth. Teach a child from an early age to properly handle a toothbrush, do it with him, because the health of your child depends to some extent on you. In severe forms of hypertrophic gingivitis, conservative therapy is sometimes not enough and may require surgical treatment - cryodestruction or diothermocoagulation of the gingival papillae and gingivoplasty.
The disease usually requires treatment for 7-10 days. If there are complications of gingivitis, then more intensive care is needed and it takes more than 10 days.

Prevention of child gingivitis

To avoid such an unpleasant disease as gingivitis, try to control your child while brushing his teeth, make sure that he does it daily, help him. Initiate hygiene rules from childhood.
  1. Correctly choose a toothbrush according to the age of the child.
  2. Do not forget about regular visits to the children's dentist.
  3. Make sure that you can turn to a specialist in time and not subject the baby to the development of various complications.