Care of teeth

Knowing that teeth must be protected from the youth, they know everything now. But when asked what to do for this, everyone answers in his own way. To clarify, we asked a specialist.

People too often neglect the recommendations of dentists to begin caring for the teeth of children as early as possible, ideally - even during pregnancy. We somehow believe that the "temporary" teeth - this is not for long, because when they fall out, they will grow new - white and healthy. Alas, it's not so simple.

Before birth

Impact on the formation of teeth in a baby future mother can still during pregnancy. After all, the development of milk teeth begins already at the 6th week after conception, and the enamel is laid at the end of the 4th month. Success depends on the nutrition of the woman. Therefore, on the table of a pregnant woman, there must always be products containing calcium and fluorine, the elements that are most important for the formation of healthy teeth in future crumbs. The source of calcium - sour-milk products, leaf cabbage, broccoli, fluorine - low-fat varieties of sea fish, spinach and green tea. Important for the welfare of the bone system and trace elements, which are found in dried fruits and greens.

0-5 months

It is very important that unsafe bacteria do not enter the baby's mouth from the mouth of the parents. Otherwise, there is a risk that the composition of the microflora in the child's mouth may change, and this will create the ground for the appearance of caries. Watch yourself: never lick the baby's spoon during feeding and clean your teeth.

There is one more problem: the formation of the right bite. The lower jaw in newborns is always shorter than the upper one by 1.5 cm. By the age of 6 months, the gap disappears due to the fact that the baby sucks in the breast. To get a serving of milk, babies do more than children fed from a bottle, so most often the lower jaw lags behind in the development of artificial babies.

Therefore, breastfeeding is one of the most important conditions for the normal formation of the teeth and jaws of the baby. Compensate it can only partly - picking up the nipple physiological, that is, a natural, shape and a suitable size. Once it loses its elasticity and elasticity, buy a new one. In addition, the composition of mother's milk is balanced and helps develop a useful microflora in the mouth cavity.

From 6 months

At this age, the babies first penetrate the central lower incisors, and then the upper ones. In 8-12 months - lateral incisors, first down, then up. By the 14-16 months there are temporary chewing teeth, to 16-20 - fangs, to 20-30 - the second chewing teeth. With their appearance, the formation of the milk bite ends.

As soon as the child has the first tooth, begin to accustom the crumb to the cleaning of the teeth. At first it is done with a finger wrapped with gauze, then with a silicone brush-tumbler in the form of a fingertip. From the age of 1 year, the teeth are brushed with a soft head and soft bristles. Change the brush every month. Brush your teeth 2 times a day with a special infant formula without fluoride. As soon as the child learns to spit and rinse his mouth, go to a paste with a small, and from 6 years - with the usual content of fluoride.

Help will come Teething can disturb and irritate the baby. At the time when temporary, especially chewing, teeth are cut, some children experience severe pain and they have swollen gums. Something hard will come to the rescue, about which you can scratch the irritated gums, for example a special "teetotaler" (better with pimples and gel inside). Before you give it to your child, put the "teaser" on the refrigerator for 15 minutes. From 1 year

In order for a baby to have healthy teeth, pay attention to the consistency of the food that the baby eat. To the jaws and their muscles develop, and the teeth do not accumulate plaque, the baby should chew a lot, and with effort. Therefore, on his table must always be present meat, fruits and vegetables. Make sure that the sweets stay in your mouth for a short time. It is better to eat 2 sweets at once and rinse your mouth with unsweetened tea than stretch the pleasure for half a day, biting off a bit.

When treating caries in children, you can do without a drill and filling. Dentists often use the method of silvering a diseased tooth. 2-2.5 years

Be sure to visit the dentist. He will check the condition of the teeth and jaws and advise how to take care of them. Before each visit to the doctor, adjust the baby to an optimistic mood. If the first visits to the dentist are easy and pleasant, it will help to overcome the possible fears of dental treatment. By the way, ask the doctor to show you and your baby the technique of brushing your teeth - then you will avoid mistakes that can lead to gradual damage to the teeth and accumulation of plaque in secluded places.

Negotiate with the doctor about the schedule of meetings. This will help in time to detect any painful process, and the child will understand that you can come to the dentist just to joke and come home with a good mood. The next time, when you need to have something to treat, persuade the crumb to sit in a chair and open your mouth will be easier.

What problems?

The task of parents and the dentist is to keep the baby's teeth baby until the time when nature decides to replace them with permanent ones. If you can do it, and also teach the baby to take good care of teeth, monitor cleanliness in the mouth, eat properly and regularly visit the dentist, the grown up child will most likely never know what is the problem with the teeth.

Caries. It is said about it when, with the participation of microbes, hard tissues of teeth are destroyed and cavities - holes are formed in them. Dental caries is usually found at the age of 2-3 years, but sometimes even earlier. Most often the disease affects the milk incisors of the upper jaw and the chewing surface of molars.

The mechanism of the appearance of caries is as follows: the plaque remaining on the teeth becomes a dental plaque. Bacteria from which it is composed, secrete lactic acid, which damages vulnerable children's enamel. So on it appears a white or dark spot - in this place the microbes penetrate inside, forming a cavity.

The caries of the baby's teeth intensifies rapidly and is often found in places where it is difficult to see (for example, between the teeth). A baby's illness may not be disturbed for a long time, but depending on the stage, it sometimes responds painfully "in response" to sweet, salty, sour, cold, hot.

Pulpitis. If you start caries, the next stage develops - pulpitis. So called inflammation of the soft tissues of the tooth (pulp). First, the pain is insignificant, but over time it intensifies, manifests as bouts, mostly nightly, and also "in response" to food that has fallen on the sore spot. Be careful: the process can go unnoticed, especially if there is no pain or it is weak and short. And then the process goes beyond the tooth. Periodontitis begins.

Periodontitis. At the moment of exacerbation, it makes itself felt constant pain. If you press on the tooth, it will intensify. At the same time, the gum turns red and slightly swells, the child may have a fever. If it comes to this, the doctor will have to remove the affected milk tooth, because in danger there is also an embryo of a permanent tooth, located next to the roots of the patient's tooth. Neotropic periodontitis is not felt at all, only a doctor can detect it.

Do not think that removing the milk tooth will solve all the problems. Unplanned disappearance of the milk teeth leads to the fact that the permanent teeth may not find their place in the dentition. Because of this, the child has an incorrect bite, which is fraught with problems with breathing, speech. In addition, the features and proportions of the face can change.

Ask the baby to open his mouth. Take him by the hand - the one in which he holds the brush - and show how to move it. Start with the upper jaw. From the outside, the teeth are cleaned in the direction of the gums (approximately 10 movements for every 2 teeth), and the chewing surfaces - with the movements back and forth. Do not forget about the inner surfaces of the teeth - from the palate and tongue. 5-6 years old

In order to identify possible problems with teeth in time in the future, in addition to regular visits to the dentist, be sure to show the child to the orthodontist.

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