Sinusitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the maxillary sinuses. In the upper part of the jaw are two air cavities (left and right), they are sent by a mucous tissue and connect with the nose with a small hole. It is worth the mucosal edema, the passage is blocked, as a result of the timely outflow of mucus from the sinuses is broken, it stagnates and becomes the cause of the onset of the inflammatory process. The sinusitis is manifested by a headache, a sensation of raspiraniya in the area of the maxillary sinuses, breathing through the nose is difficult, puffiness is felt. When the head tilts, soreness appears in the eye and eyebrows. With sinusitis, the nose is often stuffy, the voice becomes nasal, the person breathes with the mouth. If the entrance to the maxillary sinuses is completely blocked, there may be no discharge from the nose. In moments of exacerbation, taste and smell are partially lost, the temperature rises. The condition deteriorates late in the evening, a person feels a loss of strength, loses efficiency. Why do many people throughout their lives never face this disease, and some people suffer from sinusitis every year? In the risk zone are people whose anatomical features have a deformation of the nasal septum. Provoke antritis, some associated diseases, for example, rhinitis, frontal, adenoids, maxillary sinus cysts, polyps of the nose. Inflammatory process of maxillary sinuses can occur as a result of dental diseases, pathogenic microorganisms in the upper jaw easily penetrate the thin wall of the maxillary sinus. Fans of underwater sports more often suffer from inflammation of the maxillary sinuses. There are two forms of sinusitis: catarrhal and purulent.
- The catarral is the initial stage. It is characterized by swelling and mucous discharge from the nose. The purulent form is accompanied by yellow-green discharge with an unpleasant odor.
- Sinusitis can be acute and chronic. Acute antritis can occur after the diseases: measles, influenza, scarlet fever. In the cold season, sinusitis becomes inflamed more often than in warm weather. Against the background of a weakened state of the body, it is enough for a person to overcool or go into a draft.
Chronic form of sinusitis occurs in the case of untimely, untreated or incorrect treatment of acute sinusitis. As a result of a bad outflow of secretion, the mucous membranes of the nose undergo changes: the partitions are curved, the mucosa thickens, and the entrances to the maxillary sinuses narrow. Many people do not even suspect that they suffer from chronic sinusitis, the cause is poorly expressed symptoms. If you have a frequent and prolonged nasal congestion, the runny nose is difficult to treat, you are haunted by headaches - it is worth considering, perhaps you have chronic sinusitis. Chronic sinusitis necessarily needs treatment, otherwise, the changes that have occurred will make you vulnerable to many infections.
If you have a predisposition to this disease, enter into the habit of regularly washing the maxillary sinuses. This procedure will harden the mucosa. The next component of success - beware of hypothermia, be sure to wear headwear in the cold season. The third rule is the most pleasant: buy an aroma lamp and pamper yourself with the flavors of needles and citrus. Be healthy!