Each woman was once a little girl who loved fairy tales and dreamed of being Cinderella at a ball, or, for example, the Little Mermaid, who loved the Beautiful Prince so much that she even agreed that the scaly tail should turn into two charming legs ...And after all, some still manage to feel like the Little Mermaid, who each step was given with pain - she even thought that she had to walk on knives. And this is just the case when you already do not envy any fairy tales, but you think only about how to get rid of the problem. And the problem is calluses on the soles of the feet, and it is the calluses that can cause a lot of suffering, not to mention the fact that the beauty of the legs, too, do not have to dream. So, we treat corns with proven means, so as not to tread on the ground, as on sharp blades, and with pleasure to dance without noticing the time. Remember, Cinderella because of this, even lost her shoe? By the way, and in fact a shoe for the foot of Cinderella shoe Prince - imagine if the leg had corns or natoptyshi, even if they would not hurt ... What is there for romance?
General information on calluses
So, what is calluses? Corns called areas of hard and hard skin, which has already managed to become dead and coarsened. I must say that the purpose of calluses is to protect the skin and the tissues located under the skin from damage, from friction or from pressure. Appearance of corns, that is, dead and coarsened skin, differs from the rest of the sites - corns have a yellowish or grayish tinge and clearly bumpy structure. The sensitivity of calluses is much lower than the sensitivity of the rest of the skin.
Attention! Medical problem callus is considered when it grows and causes pain.
Sometimes calluses can be very useful, because they protect the skin from possible injuries, for example, calluses on the hands of a tennis player or calluses in the hands of people engaged in manual labor. Kinds of calluses: hard and soft natoptishi Calluses on the soles are called natypes, which are of the same nature as corns in other parts of the body. Tread on the soles most often appear under the fingers, on the heels, on the back of the metatarsal bone - at the junction of the big toe and foot. In addition, calluses on the soles of the feet can be formed as a result of the toes rubbing against each other, such calluses being hard and soft. Corns with a soft structure often appear between the fourth and fifth fingers, and corns with a hard structure - on the so-called osseous part of the toes (most often on the little fingers).
Why do corns and / or corns appear?
The cause of coarsening and necrosis of the skin, that is, the cause of the appearance of calluses, is a prolonged and constant exposure (pressure) to a certain area of the skin. As a result of prolonged exposure to the skin, be it pressure or rubbing, the skin gradually dies and a coarse hard and hard surface appears on this place. Sometimes, in the place where corn is formed, sweat accumulates, which results in a softening of the corn.
Attention! The cause of the appearance of calluses or corns is never a viral infection, so calluses and calluses can not be contagious, that is, they can not be infected.
With regard to the appearance of calluses on the hands, most often the cause of their appearance is friction with the constant use of various instruments or sports equipment, for example, the constant or frequent use of a shovel, hoe, hammer, tennis racket, systematic training on a bar or bars ... In short, if on the palm or other parts of the skin (for example, on the elbows) is constantly affected by friction or pressure, the probability of corns becoming very high. With regard to calluses and / or leg bumps, very often the cause is uncomfortable or incorrectly picked up shoes. When choosing shoes, it is very important to pay attention to the fact that the foot does not shrink so that the seams inside the shoes are not rigid and are not felt so that the shoes are matched precisely. Shoes with high heels should not be daily, because such shoes compress the toes and the front of the foot much more strongly. In addition, do not wear shoes every day on a very thin sole - and thin soles, and a high heel is best left for solemn occasions. If shoes, sandals, sandals are worn without socks, then the probability of rubbing corns or bruises becomes many times higher. It is very important not to forget that socks that are not the size can also cause calluses, because they can crumple and rub your foot. It is known that calluses and corns on the feet may well appear with constant walking barefoot.
Attention! The problem with the appearance of corns or calluses may occur in the presence of certain diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis and bursitis.
The cause of calluses and / or footprints on the soles of the feet can be exercise, irregular gait, flat feet or bone spurs.
How to treat calluses and corns?
In most cases, medical treatment is not required to treat calluses or corns. However, in cases, for example, the appearance of calluses or corns in people with diabetes, it is better to consult a doctor who can remove dead skin areas. But you can not cut off any calluses on your own, because there is always a danger of damaging your skin and infecting it. With the appearance of calluses and corns, it is quite possible to resort to the help of traditional medicine and to the help of proven folk remedies and methods that have proved to be sufficiently effective and affordable. Agent No. 1 - Soap and soda solution. When combating corns and calluses, a commonly available and completely non-toxic soap-soda solution is often used. To prepare the solution, two liters of water should be heated to 40 ° C (this is hot enough water, but the legs can be kept in it without problems). Pour the water in a bowl or in a small bowl and add a tablespoon of ordinary baking soda, which is in every kitchen, and two tablespoons of grinded on a large grater household soap. In the resulting soap-soda solution, you should keep your feet for about half an hour, so that the skin (and at the same time and the puffs) is properly steamy. After the honeycombs have been steamed and become soft, they must be treated with pumice stone to scrape out the dead skin. After the procedure, the legs should be lubricated with a foot cream. Do this procedure is necessary daily, until the trampled on will not disappear. Remedy № 2 - A solution of sea salt and soap. In a bowl or in a bowl, pour hot water (40 ° C) and dissolve in it two tablespoons of sea salt (preferably un-flavored), as well as two tablespoons of pre-grated soap (suitable for household use, tar or children's). In the resulting solution, keep the feet for half an hour, then carefully treat the steamed, coarsened skin with pumice stone, and then lubricate with a foot cream. The procedure should be repeated until the calluses and corns have disappeared. Means number 3 - Olive or any other vegetable oil. To soften the skin of the legs and to prevent and treat corns and calluses, vegetable oil is excellent, which can be used after steaming the feet in hot water, and after a normal bath or shower. Wet skin should be soaked with a terry towel, then grease the heels and feet slightly warmed in a water bath with vegetable oil - olive or any other, for example, sunflower or corn. Vegetable oil should be taken a little and rubbed into the skin with feet massaging movements. After such an oil massage on your feet you need to put on socks and try not to walk, that is, this procedure is best done at night. Means number 4 - Compress from aloe. In order to get rid of calluses or cracks on your feet, you should take freshly cut aloe leaves and cut them along the fibers. Aloe is applied to the problem site with a fresh incision and pribintovat. Then put a warm sock on your foot and leave it for a few hours. It is best to do this procedure before going to sleep, so that the leg remains in peace. After the compress is removed, the softened skin should be treated with pumice stone and greased with a foot cream. Means number 5 - Compress of a fresh apple. Compress of a fresh apple has proven itself as a remedy for cracks, which appear on the heels with coarse skin or with natoptyshes. To prepare a compress, take a fresh apple and grate it on a fine grater to get a homogeneous apple mass. The resulting apple puree should be applied to the problem site, bandage and leave for several hours. After the compress is removed, the feet should be washed in warm water and slightly treated with pumice stone. Repeat the procedure as needed. Tool № 6 - Herbal baths for healing of cracks on the legs. It is known that coarse and dead skin on the heels often crack, causing pain. In addition, the cracks can penetrate the infection. To heal cracks on the heels with success, you can use herbal baths. First, in equal proportions, dry plant raw materials should be mixed with chamomile flowers, marigold flowers and oak bark (all components are sold in the pharmacy chain). To prepare medicinal infusion, six tablespoons of cooked food should be put in enamel or glassware and pour boiling water (two liters). The dishes should be closed and allowed to stand for an hour, then drain. In the infusion for 10-15 minutes, lower the legs. After the foot bath it is necessary to wipe dry and lubricate with a foot cream. It is best to make such a bath for the night, and on cream-stained legs to wear socks. Baths should be repeated as needed. Means number 7 - Onion compress from calluses and corns. Onion compress helps to cope even with old calluses and with very dense patches. To prepare a compress, the usual onion should be ground to a homogeneous mass (you can use a grater or a meat grinder). In the received onion weight add a few drops (5-7) of salicylic acid solution (sold in the pharmacy network). The resulting mass should be applied at night to the problem place, bandage or just tightly wrap. In the morning, compress to remove and treat the place of corn or papilla by pumice, carefully wash with warm water and apply a foot cream. The procedure should be repeated as necessary, that is, before the disappearance of corns or calluses. Agent No. 8 - Plaster with salicylic acid. To soften old calluses, you can use a medical plaster "Salipod", which contains salicylic acid and is sold in the pharmacy chain. But if such a patch is not at hand, you can use a regular patch and a two percent salicylic acid solution. It is necessary to grease the corn carefully with salicylic acid solution and seal with adhesive tape. It's better to do this before bed, but it's possible for a day. Remove the patch should not be earlier than 6 hours - during this time, the natypes or callus will become soft and they can be treated with pumice stone, and then apply a foot cream.
Features of treatment of fresh calluses
The words "fresh calluses" most often refer to wet calluses, or callus blisters, which in the upper layers of the skin contain lymph that protects the skin from other injuries and allows the wet callus to heal. Already bursting soft calluses often resemble an open wound or ulcer. Sometimes in the lymph there is an admixture of blood, then the corn is called blood. When are corns or blisters formed? One of the reasons for their appearance - in the place where the blister (wet callus) was formed, the blood vessels are located very close to the surface of the skin. Another reason - the skin was very badly injured due to significant pressure or considerable friction.
Attention! Puncture or cut off wet calluses (blisters) is strictly not recommended, as a result of which an open wound is formed, where infection can easily penetrate.
If the blister itself bursts and the liquid (lymph) that was contained inside began to flow outward, the wound should be rinsed thoroughly with warm water and soap and disinfected, then the wound should be treated with an antibacterial cream or antibacterial ointment, the wound should be protected with cotton wool, a cotton pad, bandage and top with a patch. The procedure should be repeated in a few hours. With regard to proven folk remedies that are effective for the treatment of fresh calluses, then one of such means is the use of lemon (more precisely, lemon peel). Before going to bed to the wet callus should be carefully washed (preferably pre-scalded with boiling water) lemon peel and fastened with bandage or plaster. The procedure must be repeated several times until the callus dries and can be removed simply by pumice. Fresh calluses can be treated with a mixture of fish oil and aloe juice, which should be mixed in equal amounts. The resulting mixture should be lubricated by the affected area, which is covered with a cotton disc and fixed with a patch. Repeat the procedure until the corn is completely healed. A well-known folk remedy for the treatment of fresh wet calluses is figs. First, the feet should be rinsed in a soda bath and get soaked until the legs are completely dry. Fruit the figs cut in half and apply a cut to the problem site, and then pribintovat and leave until the morning. The procedure should be repeated every evening until the wound is completely healed.
Attention! With diseases such as diabetes mellitus, peripheral neuropathy, any damage to the peripheral arteries, or any disease of the circulatory system, or a condition that causes circulatory problems, when calluses, especially wet ones, appear, it is imperative that you consult your doctor to avoid possible danger.
To avoid unnecessary friction and the formation of calluses or corns, today's industry offers special soft pads that reduce pressure on tissue and / or friction of tissues.
Attention! If the cause of the appearance of calluses is not in the friction and not in the pressure on the tissue, you should definitely consult a doctor, as the real cause may be hereditary genetic diseases, and even skin cancers.
Corns - this is ugly, and uncomfortable. Therefore, it is very important to take timely measures to eliminate this problem. But even better - do not let her appear. And to avoid the appearance of calluses, you should carefully take care of the skin, including the skin of the legs, and the skin of the hands. It is very important that the skin is always clean, so that it gets enough moisture and nutrition. It is equally important to keep an eye on shoes and hosiery. It would seem a trifle? However, not dried shoes, wet or leaky sock, a little uncomfortable shoes can turn and calluses, and natoptyshami, and real wounds. Caring for your body - this is not an invention and, especially, not a bar, but an urgent need and concern for one's health. And it is very important, if anything becomes incomprehensible, to go to the doctor, because with some diseases, which can manifest even such "trifles" as calluses, a timely appeal to a specialist can save a life. And let such cases be infrequent, but one should never neglect a possible danger.