Postpartum period: residual phenomena

After childbirth, when it seems that all the hardest behind, a woman may face new difficulties related to the state of her own health. Here it is important not to panic and understand whether the problem will pass by itself or if medical help is needed.

The postpartum period begins with the expulsion of the afterbirth and lasts 6-8 weeks. At this time, the pelvic organs decrease in size, restoring their previous structure after birth, and the mammary glands and hormonal system providing lactation experience a flourishing. These phenomena and cause problems that a woman faces after the birth of a baby.

Oh, it hurts!

Immediately after birth, the young mother is concerned about the pain in the lower abdomen, which are most noticeable when the baby is applied to the chest. Do not worry: it shortens the enlarged uterus. Sucking the breast stimulates the process, as oxytocin is produced, responsible for uterine contractions. With intense pain in the first 3-4 days, doctors offer painkillers in the form of rectal suppositories and tablets. The child does not harm medication. Milk comes only on the 3-4th day, and the chemical composition of the colostrum, which appears immediately after birth, blocks the transition to it of any medicines. By the 5-7th day the pain is weakening. If this does not happen or it builds up, you need to see a doctor. Perhaps, the blame for all is the rupture or tear of the uterine ligaments, the non-closed ruptures and hematomas of the vagina and perineum.

Painful sensations in the perineum, if there was no dissection of her tissues, should pass by the end of the first week after childbirth. When cutting the perineal tissue pain syndrome can persist for several weeks.

Pay attention to the dynamics of changes in Lochi - postpartum cleansing secretions. In the first day they are red, because they have a significant admixture of blood. By the 3rd-4th day, lochia brightens, by the 10th day they are mucous, by the 3rd week - meager and by the 6th week they gradually stop. If the lochia remain intensely red and abundant or suddenly stopped, a doctor's consultation is needed. To see the doctor is necessary and in the event that the discharge is putrid smell. Normally he has a bad nose.

The increased sensitivity of the nipples in the first day after childbirth is considered the norm. Usually on the 3rd-4th day, it decreases. That there were no cracks, it is necessary to give the child the breast correctly, so that he would not only grip the nipple with the mouth, but the entire areola.

Against the background of lactation, especially at the stage of its formation, the temperature can rise to 38 ° C. If it is higher and does not fall after expressing milk, you need to see a doctor. At the same time, so that there are no errors in the measurement, the thermometer should be kept in the ulnar fold, in the mouth or in the anus. In the armpit, values ​​will always be high because of the proximity to the lactating mammary gland.

Physiological difficulties

Because of the edema of the mucosa and the neck of the bladder in the first day after birth, a woman may not feel the urge to urinate. This process must necessarily be adjusted by the end of the first day after the birth of the child, otherwise the stretched bladder will press on the uterus and prevent it from contracting.

Sometimes a young mother is afraid of an act of urination, since drops of urine, getting on the damaged mucous membrane of the vagina, cause pain and burning sensation. To remove the discomfort will help a warm shower or a warm hot-water bottle on the area of ​​the bladder. Doctors also recommend watering the urethra with warm water, and after feeling the urge to urinate, turn on the water. Thus there is a reflex emptying of the bladder.

Fears are experienced by newly given women and during the act of defecation, because they are afraid to push. And in vain: the seams when straining do not disperse. To avoid constipation and defecation without effort, the first time you can use a laxative plant or candles with glycerin, and then - adhere to the diet and a certain diet. It is useful to introduce in the diet fruits, vegetables and cereals, to exclude spicy food, marinades, to limit fats, to eat often, in small portions and drink plenty of liquid.

Read on this topic:
  • 7 reasons that do not let you lose weight after giving birth
  • What happens to a young mother in the first weeks after childbirth?
  • Exercises to restore the shape after childbirth with the baby in his arms