Modern women have a hard time in life, because to the total number of various sores and problems are added some purely "personal" problems - gynecological. And according to some data, literally every second of women after the birth can face such an unpleasant and frightening diagnosis as "erosion on the cervix." And after all, it would seem that this is in the 21st century, when one can cope with any of the problems literally "in two counts", but speaking about erosion - it was not there, to our disappointment, it's not so simple. Unfortunately, the erosion in our country is "not quite standard" and even controversial approach, especially if you touch on the methods of treating this unpleasant pathology. However, we will not run ahead, let's talk about all this, and in order.
The main types of erosion and the causes of their occurrence
In fact, most often such a diagnosis as erosion of the cervix can occur in women after the birth, especially if the birth was complicated. If it is permissible in the process of giving birth, the cervix of the uterus did not open or open, but with difficulty, then the risks of ruptures of some internal tissues are high, and in the case when the doctor did not notice such ruptures, or, inaccurately sewed, then such woman can not be eroded unambiguously . But all the same, what is erosion? (Incidentally, many women incorrectly consider erosion as a "harbinger of cancer," but doctors unanimously disprove such an illogical opinion, although, of course, they do not reject the fact that untreated erosion may well lead to neoplasms and cervical cancer ).
Recall that the cervix is a kind of continuation of the female womb itself, it is such a very peculiar "channel" located between the immediate cavity of the uterus and the female vagina. The female cervix has an external and internal pharynx. All the vaginal part adjacent to the cervix (or exocervix), any gynecologist will see at the most ordinary examination, but the inner part of the cervix (or cervical canal, called still endocervix) is almost impossible to see, because it is not available during routine examination. And if suddenly such part as endocervix became "visible" under the most ordinary standard examination, that is, it became similar to the rim (and most often inflamed) of exocervix, actually in such cases it is customary to talk about erosion on the cervix.
In this way, "to turn inside out or turn over" the cervix can "help" a lot of physiologically incorrect conditions. For example, too fast or fast delivery, too large a fetus, various surgical interventions by physicians in the very process of labor, a large number of not always successful abortions in the past, too early or too late, too late deliveries with fetal repetition. The real cause for erosion can also be various infectious diseases, sexually transmitted diseases that have not been treated in a timely manner. It should be remembered that during the onset of pregnancy the immunity of any woman is dramatically weakened, and it is more than ever easy for her to become infected with any even the most unpleasant bacilli, viruses or bacteria that, as a result of their vital activity, actively "loosen up" the cervix, and as a result contribute to the onset erosion including. It is extremely important to understand that erosion can also be congenital (although this variant of this disease is extremely rare), and it can be provoked by various hormonal disorders and malfunctions.
Methods of diagnosis and treatment of erosion
Of course, any doctor can diagnose erosion of the uterus at a standard examination, and already literally in a few weeks after the birth (which is why, it is usually recommended to all newly mummified mothers, never to neglect simple routine and preventive visits to the gynecologist). In addition, the same doctor will necessarily collect the necessary smears to study and determine the presence or absence of possible diseases of women. Very often, erosion on the cervix can be completely asymptomatic, and sometimes women can find out about it already at the onset of a repeat pregnancy, or after some other symptoms of accompanying infectious diseases of the reproductive system are actively manifested. The most diverse abnormal pathologies, possibly drawing or stitching pains in the lower abdomen (including those arising from simple sexual contact), severe itching or burning sensation in the internal or external genital area of a woman - all this is clearly a real reason for an urgent referrals to a specialist gynecologist. To the great regret, quite often the "unpleasant postpartum companion" of many women is such a disease as thrush. And who among us has not heard and does not know how to cure this unpleasant disease? Alas, and, alas, heard and know everything, but to cope with the disease is not at all, especially since just the same self-treatment - this is a dangerous thing, which is often very harmful to a woman. Sometimes it happens that the woman himself is able to cure the thrush herself, and after a while this illness recurs, and even with greater strength and intensity. And the main reason for this can be not only serious chronic complications, but it becomes quite likely that when due to erosion a woman can not completely cure this disease.
Of course, none of the women will be able to cope with erosion alone, because you will not find any effective medications for such a disease. Nevertheless, very often physicians treat erosion precisely medically, but always in complex therapy together with the treatment of concomitant diseases. So, for example, when the cause of erosion was some kind of infectious disease of the genitourinary system, in the beginning physicians have to cure precisely it and with medicinal forms and preparations, and at the same time the doctor will decide how to get rid of erosion.
To date, there are several different ways to treat erosion on the cervix. And each of these methods has its own undeniable advantages, and its certain shortcomings. Believe me, only an experienced gynecologist will be able to properly understand these methods and explain all the nuances of choosing one or another "procedure" for treatment. In addition to the many choices a doctor for treatment of erosion will depend on the "neglect" of the most erosion, as well as other external or internal factors (for example, on the age of the woman, the general state of health of the previous birth and pregnancy and other things).
The main methods of erosion treatment are:
- Electrocoagulation (it is also called diathermy, or diathermocoagulation). This is probably the oldest existing method of treating erosion - it is a kind of cauterization of erosion by electric current. As you can probably guess, a thermal burn almost instantly covers the entire treated area with a certain scab, and, unfortunately, under it nevertheless, the foci of dysplasia can remain. In addition, this method is very painful and leaves scars directly on the cervix, which unfortunately can then turn for the woman the most serious consequences in the near future (say, complicate the subsequent pregnancies and childbirth).
- Cryotherapy Is a newer and more modern treatment for cervical erosion with liquid nitrogen. In the women's environment, this method is often considered to be a freeze. Unlike the first option, this procedure is practically painless, but, nevertheless, if it is incorrectly carried out, it is also quite possible to create an unpleasant and dangerous scar formation directly on the treated area - on the cervix and on the nearby organs.
- Laser therapy Is the most modern and most effective available method for the treatment of erosion. However, with the reservation that this method is effective only in those cases when it is carried out by an experienced gynecologist.
- Chemical coagulation - is the treatment of the damaged area by strictly special chemical medicinal preparations (for example, Solkovagin). This method is considered the simplest and least effective. This method only helps if there is a shallow erosion or if its stage is not too advanced and this method helps only after a few described "treatments".
- Special radio wave surgery Is a completely non-contact method that allows you to treat erosion. With this method, the radio wave contributes to the complete destruction and subsequent evaporation of the "diseased" cell.
Erosion arising after childbirth and the possibility of a new pregnancy
As doctors say, for a new pregnancy, erosion of the cervix can not itself affect, probably, therefore, they never rush to treat before delivery. And quite another thing, if such erosion was actively treated earlier before pregnancy. Many women are concerned about the question of how the initial treatment of erosion can affect pregnancy and the course of subsequent childbirth itself? Of course, most of the nuances will depend on which of the methods the woman got rid of from the erosion that was bothering her. Rather, it is extremely important to know whether the woman's chosen method of scarring on the cervix of the uterus has left it, which in the future can seriously impede the full disclosure of the cervix, which is extremely important in the period of the birth itself. But in order to ensure that the birth of a woman after the treatment of erosions have passed absolutely peacefully successfully and without the slightest complications - modern doctors strongly recommend that such women, while planning subsequent pregnancy, pay as much attention to the tissues on the cervix as possible. You should know that a few softening existing scars on the neck can use a variety of oils, for example, sea buckthorn. But in any case, you as a woman wanting to get rid of erosion and get pregnant, you need to inform your gynecologist about the desire to use it. The doctor must understand and be aware of everything that can happen inside you, and you yourself must at the same time to follow his authoritative recommendations or instructions as clearly as possible.
Remember women suffering from erosions of the cervix - a lot, and the vast majority of those are quite successfully nurtured and subsequently gave birth to their babies. And this means that you have all the chances for a normal pregnancy and childbirth. Do not be ill!