Diseases of the respiratory system are quite common in medical practice. Lungs are just as important to a person as the heart. After all, oxygen, getting into our body, gives an opportunity for vital activity for all other organs and systems. Inflammatory processes mostly affect the bronchi, trachea, and sometimes the pleura. The condition of the patient in a number of cases is characterized by fever, severe cough, with sputum and without, chills and severe weakness throughout the body. It is important to pay attention to the fact that improper or ineffective treatment of such diseases can lead to serious complications and can not be treated so quickly. Chronic bronchitis, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis can develop into pneumonia. There are cases of severe disease with a fatal outcome. The number of inflammatory processes of the respiratory tract in the season of damp and cold weather, the so-called "season of colds," is increasing. Enlargations of bronchial tubes, having a saccular or cylindrical shape, are called bronchiectasis in medicine. Bronchi with bronchoectatic disease may increase several times. Their walls become very thin, due to the fact that they stretch. Sometimes the excessive fineness of the connective tissue of the bronchi is a physiological, innate feature of the body. In other cases, this occurs as a result of chronic bronchitis. According to medical statistics, it is not uncommon for such a phenomenon as congenital bronchiectasis. As a result of the inflammatory process, often there is a destruction of the blood vessels of bronchial mucosa. This is facilitated by a thin wall of bronchiectasis.
Symptomatic manifestations of the disease, characterized by a cough with a lot of phlegm. Most often it is easily detachable. Often this happens in the case of a position lying on its side different from the inflamed bronchus. Alarming signals the body of the patient gives when sputum begins to stand out with a putrefactive smell. Hemoptysis with this disease is also not uncommon and in most cases the patient himself, and the doctor mistakenly think that these are signs of tuberculosis or lung tumors. Almost always this disease is chronic, periodically disturbing the patient with inflammatory processes that occur in the bronchi. Only with the help of a detailed X-ray study, it is possible to diagnose the disease quite reliably.Exacerbations of the disease or improvement of health become a panacea for the health of the patient who refuses timely medical treatment. The diagnosis with bronchoscopy allows doctors to choose the best methods of treatment. For most patients, doctors recommend a procedure for suction of pus from the bronchi by special devices, bronchoscopes. Cases of surgical intervention and partial removal of the lung are not uncommon. Effective way of introducing antibiotics, which prevent and remove the pathological process of inflammation.