6 month of a child's life
The child tries to know the world around him. He seeks to find applications for nearby objects. He can pick up a toy and play with it. At the same time, having lost interest in the toy, the baby drops it. If the infant does not reach the object, he looks at it and at the same time slowly squeezes and unclenches the fists. In his view, the toy acquires a special meaning. It's not just an object, it's something that you can take, taste and feel.
While being friendly to the new person, the child, nevertheless, always gives a clear preference to those whom he knows. Raskapriznichavshegosya baby can only reassure parents. Becomes more diverse and a palette of feelings of crumbs. Previously, his life was between two states - when he was happy or unhappy.
Now in the behavior of the baby you can notice more diverse reactions to what is happening - he can be excited, satisfied, calm, alert, sad, scared. Expansion of the gamut of feelings entails a qualitative change of babbling. At this age for the sounds issued by the child there are quite certain requests - "look at me", "take me in my arms", "I do not like it".
Learning to understand each other
By the age of six months the child has already mastered many consonant sounds and among his babbling you can hear repetitive "ma-ma-ma", "yes-yes", "ta-ta-ta". When a child pronounces such combinations as "ma-ma" or "pa-pa," parents usually pick up and repeat them, clearly enjoying it.
The infant, responding to their enthusiasm, utters these words again and again. So, getting support, he takes the first step from incoherent babble to conscious speech. And although the kid does not make sense in what he says, his speech exercises are a prerequisite for mastering speech.
Crouch finds ways to call mom into the room or make her pay attention to herself if she turns away. Responding to the call of the baby, the mother thus gives him an idea of the strength of human speech. When mom and dad leave the child for a short time and come back, he enthusiastically welcomes them, waving his arms with all his strength, jumping excitedly and making loud noises.
A child of 6 months is able to express discontent as directly as rapture. At an earlier age, as we have seen, such a reaction usually arose as a result of any internal or external physical influences.
Now, after growing up, the baby gets annoyed when he can not get what he wants. If you take a toy from a baby, put it in the crib, while it is still asleep, or you will change clothes too long, then risk causing anger.
Motor skills of the child in 6 months
By the end of the fifth month the child can turn over from the back to the abdomen. This is a big step forward, because now he can independently change the position of his body. By the age of 6, the child masters this art in perfection, learns to crawl to the object of interest and grab it. Only it seems that this is simple, in fact, each of these actions is associated not only with the motor sphere, but also with the activity of the brain.
Looking at a 5-6 month old baby, you can sometimes think that he sees an adult as a comfortable gymnastic shell, with which you can train like a real gymnast. Once on your knees, the baby grasps you firmly by the clothes and tries to get up. Or straighten your knees and get to your feet. During bathing, the baby willingly pushes his feet off the hands of an adult and floundering in the water.
By the beginning of the 6 months the child has already learned how to control the movements of the hand, grab an object and look at it. Now he owns the movements of all his fingers and easily takes the smallest items, including a teaspoon. According to some experts, at this age the kid begins to realize that he has a right and left hand - he can hold the same thing in his left hand and then shift it to the right.
Moreover, for crumbs it becomes obvious that in whatever hand the toy is, it does not change its properties. So the rattle always rings the same, but the ball, in whatever hand it was, is still soft.
At 6 months, some children are already showing active crawling around the house, while others will start doing it only after a few months. It is important to remember that the early development of motor skills is not necessarily related to the early development of mental abilities.
I see, hear, feel ...
For the child, the images that he encounters are especially important. Before that, the kid hit the object in search of interesting sensations, then grabbed it to shove in his mouth. Now the baby takes items to examine them. Before he takes the rattle in his mouth, he shakes it, twists it and carefully examines it.
As a little man accumulates knowledge about the world around him, he continues with special attention to the sounds surrounding him. In this life stage, he learns to distinguish between hearing and hearing. If the baby hears the voice of a person familiar to him, but does not see him, he will make you understand with his joyful excitement that he has recognized this person. When you enter a child in a room, turning to him, he smiles before he sees you. If an unfamiliar person enters the room and speaks to him, the baby's face will be incredulous and wary.
The infant makes new discoveries, connected with his own voice. He discovers that if you put a finger or toy in your mouth, the sound that he emits himself has changed. It is this that can explain the unusual use of the nipple baby. Now he needs it more to study his own voice than to calm him down.
A crumb learns not only to communicate, but also to interact with the outside world. He likes to play with everything, whether it's mom or water in the bath. Most children already know how to splash and do it as soon as they get into the water. Usually they hit the water with two hands. When your kid has learned to play this game, he will spray the water in his face and eyes, cry out with delight and again splash. He seems to be trying to understand how to react. When the water hits his face.
During bathing, the child can play plenty in the water and at the same time find out what parts of the body he has. If the parents support the baby by the back, he will reach the toes and touch them. Then, while he is wiped, he will find the navel or with pleasure will touch his nose and ears. And if you lean close to the baby, he will try to feel your face and "compare" it with his.
Lessons with a child in 6 months
Provide the baby the opportunity to receive a variety of sensations from the touch. Let it touch objects of different temperatures (ice cube or freshly brewed egg), textures, liquids and solids. Surround your favorite child with a variety of visual materials - these can be children's pictures, and reproductions of paintings, and photographs.
Give the child a large shiny pan so that he can look into it. Let him turn, slap and act on it from all sides. As a rule, kids like the "toys" of adults. Hold the baby in front of the big mirror where he could see himself full-length. Let the little one look carefully at the owl image. Show him where in the mirror Mom, and where he is.
At this age, children really like to discover new interesting items, so your child will be happy to play dolls-tumblers. He should drop such a toy, as she immediately takes a standing position herself. Imagination of the baby is struck by this unusual reaction to his actions.
Put the baby in the home children's swing and start gently rocking. When the swing "leave" from you, say: "Goodbye," and when they come back: "Hello." Although the kid does not understand the meaning of the above, he realizes that you are using two different words. And after a while will find out that words that sound differently have different meanings.
When the child begins to conduct experiments with his voice, you will notice that he clearly pronounces several sounds: b, m, d, a, u, u. Try to repeat them after the son or daughter. Saying the sounds, put the toes on your fingers. Let him feel the vibration of your voice and the trembling of your lips.
Physical development of the child on the 6th month
Teach your child to raise and lower the handles. To do this, put the baby in a highchildren's chair and, lowering his hands down, ask: "Are you big?" Then raise your hands over your head and say: "That's how big I am!" Soon the kid himself will start playing with you in this game.
Children like to listen to funny songs and rhymes, sitting on their knees at mom or dad. Especially they are amused by songs with a "surprise". The child has a presentiment of what awaits him at the end of the song, and signs a smile or a laugh. Such a reaction indicates a gradual strengthening of memory.
Attach plastic rings to the front back of the crib. The kid will try to grab them and pull them forward. In the warm season, go out with the child on the street and in a place where there is a slight slope, spread a blanket on the grass. Put the crumb on the blanket and, holding it, help him turn over several times.