Development of a baby up to 6 months
Mom's games on hands
The most favorite place for the baby is with the mother in her arms. The desire to get close to her is not a whim, but an urgent need for crumbs. What games can you entertain a toddler on?
Elena Fedorova Teacher-psychologist, Ekaterinburg
The main task of parents at an early stage of a child's life is physical contact with the baby. For a correct, full-fledged development they are necessary from the very first days of life. When the baby, clinging to his mother's breast, sucking milk, he not only satisfies hunger. He experiences a lot of positive emotions because he feels the warmth of the mother's body, her soft, gentle voice hears. Such moments of closeness most beneficially affect the state of mind of the infant, contribute to its proper development.
"I love you!". Take the child in his arms, press him to him, stroke over the head, back, handles, saying: "I love you! Mom loves you! "With your affectionate touch, you establish a personal and emotional connection with your child, close physical contact, contributing to the harmonious development of crumbs. Despite the many worries associated with the birth of a child, be sure to take the time to often take the baby in his arms, press to him, gently stroke, speak gentle words. Do not be afraid to spoil the child, "accustom" him to his hands. It is much more important to let the crumb feel that they care about it, they love and support it."Our house". Gently holding the baby's head, take it in your arms in an upright position. Keep it so that he can see everything around. Walk with him around the room, stopping in front of different objects of bright color. Let the kid look at them for a while. In this way the crumbs learn new spaces, learn to view and listen. Exercise also teaches you to focus attention on the movement of several objects at once, strengthens the muscles of the back and neck, develops the ability to hold the head.
"Aircraft". Putting the baby on his stomach, bring his left hand under his chest, and the right one - between the legs to the abdomen. In this horizontal position, shake it gently to the left and to the right, up and down. When the crumb gets settled, you can increase the speed and amplitude of the movement. Spin with the baby, pressing it to him so that he does not get scared. You can make sounds that resemble the hum of an airplane: "Woo-y!" Or read a small rhyme:
Plane-plane,You take me on a flight,Through the mountains and forests - Straight to the sun, to heaven!
"Disco for the baby." You can dance to the music with the baby in your arms, diversify the movements and wiggle. Include music of different directions and tempos: waltz, polka, march, lullaby. According to music, change the character, amplitude and rhythm of jiggling.
"Up down". Take the crumb under the armpits. Be careful that the baby does not get scared, lift it up, and then slowly lower it down. Repeat several times, saying:
Straight to the sky, I'm flying - I want to go upstairs!Up!I rose above the birds,And now I'll go downstairs.Down!
"Pendulum". When a crumb learns to hold a head - change the kind of rocking. Take the crumb under the mice and swing left-right, like a pendulum.
These simple exercises strengthen the muscles of the back, develop the vestibular apparatus of crumbs. they train the vestibular apparatus, contribute to the improvement of the work of the organs of equilibrium.
"Gymnastics with my mother." Лягте на пол или сядьте на диван, а кроху крепко возьмите за талию. Сгибая и разгибая свои руки, как бы подбрасывайте кроху вверх, а затем опускайте обратно. Такая игра вызывает восторг у малышей. Можно выполнять это упражнение, сопровождая его стишками, ритмичной музыкой или разнообразными словесно-игровыми приемами, например: «Наш малыш взлетает высоко. Up! А потом вернется к маме. Down!» Сядьте, согнув ноги в коленях. Устройте кроху поудобнее у себя на коленях, развернув его ножками к себе. Выполните несложную гимнастику: сгибайте и разгибайте ручки малыша, поднимайте их вверх, опускайте вниз, массируйте ладошки и пальчики ребенка, сгибайте и разгибайте его ножки в коленях. Можно проговаривать выполняемые действия, сопровождать движения словами, потешками.
Children of this age like to see the face of the person who communicates with them, observe the facial expressions, the movement of the lips during conversation. Allow the crumb to see your face when you talk to it.
«Annoying». Take the child in his arms. Look into his eyes and, sticking out his tongue, make different funny sounds. Then hide the tongue. Repeat the same steps, making other sounds. Children usually try to imitate an adult - they also try to stick their tongue out. Such two-way communication activates the speech centers of the brain, promotes speech development.
"Sounds." Take the baby in your arms, turn around to face you and clearly say a few repetitive sounds, for example: "Be-Be-Be", "Ma-ma-ma", "Bo-bo-bo", "Mu-Mu-Mu" and etc. Watch for the crumb to see the movement of your lips while speaking the sounds. Soon the baby will try to pronounce similar sounds himself, imitating you. Such games encourage the child, through imitation, to pronounce sounds independently, help to form a babble - the initial phase of speech development.
"Push the toy away." Closer to 3 months, when the child learns to hold the head well, use the following exercise. Take the baby in your arms. On the table or a small cabinet put in a row a few bright toys or any small objects of different sizes and shapes. Bring the child to the toys so that he can reach them and take them. At first the crumb will simply push the toys, but gradually he will want to grab one of them, to be able to hold in the handles. This game develops the ability to coordinate movements, commensurate muscular efforts to capture and hold objects in their hands. In addition, the baby trains the ability to hold the head, it develops the muscles of the back and hands.
Play with the child in games that train the vestibular apparatus. Croche, used to smooth fluctuations in the maternal womb, cautious jiggle will very much like.
At this age, the kid begins to show more curiosity in the study of the surrounding space, to learn the names of objects, which most often draws attention.
"We study the names of objects." Take the baby in his arms so that he can clearly see the surrounding space. Point to the objects in the room, clearly pronouncing their names: "Look, this is a watch", "This is a sofa," "This is a vase." When giving names to subjects, use simple words, get the child to pay attention to exactly the thing that you call. In the same way, study with the baby the names of family members, names and nicknames of pets.
"Phone". "Talk" on the phone while the baby is in your arms and watching you. Then hold the phone to the kid, asking him now to talk. Perhaps, imitating you, the crumb will utter a few sounds. Praise the child.
"Games with a mirror." Take the crumb on your hands and go to the big mirror. Let the child carefully consider the reflection in it. Show the baby where his mother is, and where he is. Smile to the child, wave your hand, ask him to smile back. Games with a mirror contribute to the child's personal development: he learns to distinguish himself from objects and people reflected in the mirror surface, he learns and remembers his own appearance.
"The doll came to visit." Put a glove doll on your hand and play a small performance. Let the doll say hello to the child, give it a pen, stroke the crumb on the head. Stand up with the baby in your arms and dance with him - let the doll also perform dance moves. Sing any child's song. Playing with the doll, the kid learns to look at the toy, concentrate his attention on the action, monitor the movement of the toy, listen to the spoken dialogues.
"Let's talk". Sit down several times with the baby in your arms: "Up and down, up and down." Exercise helps to improve the work of the vestibular apparatus, which is responsible for maintaining equilibrium. In addition, this exercise is useful for the mother.
The game will give the child even greater pleasure if you turn on rhythmic music or will sing a song:
Jump, jump,Young Thrush,By water I went,Found a young manYoung woman:Itself with the top,Head with a pot.Kissed-cared,Yes, he pressed to himself.
"Take care!" Toward the age of five months, most children experience a marked shift in the development of motor activity. The child improves his grasping skills and at the same time learns to reach out to toys. Arrange the baby in a semi-reclining position in his lap. Above the crumb keep a bright toy, let it stretch to it and grab it. Change the location of the toy: from above, from below, from the side to the right and to the left. Teach the child to reach the objects of interest to him; The next exercise will help coordinate your movements. Lie down and take a comfortable position. Keep the baby in front of you on extended arms so that he can reach you. Ask the crumb to show where your eyes, nose, mouth, reach for them and touch.
«Rises». Shake the baby in his arms to the left and right, circling around its axis. Change the amplitude and tempo of the swings. You can sing a smooth song, but you can - fun, fast. Accordingly, the pace of movements must also change. You can pronounce the words according to the movements: "slowly," "fast." So the crumb learns the relationship between the word and the tempo of the movements.