Jaundice of newborns
Causes of icterus in newborns
During fetal life in the fetal blood there is a large number of red blood cells (erythrocytes). But as soon as the baby starts to breathe, for the oxidation of tissues the body does not need so many red blood cells, so after the birth of a child some of them break up. The released dye is exposed in the liver to a certain process of "processing". But because of the immaturity of certain functions, the liver of a newborn is not able to quickly remove it from the body. As a result, it accumulates there and there is a jaundice of newborns.
Symptoms of jaundice in newborns
A few days after birth, the skin and mucous membranes of the newborn become yellow (the stool and urine are not stained). As a rule, already on day 7-10 the yellowness of the skin begins to decrease and the child's condition normalizes. Keep in mind that the jaundice that persists for a newborn for more than two weeks, as well as the appearance of a jaundice after discharge from the hospital, is considered a sign of serious pathology. In this case, you must immediately show the baby to the doctor.
Treatment of jaundice in newborns
Even in the maternity hospital the child is prescribed phototherapy sessions (it is placed under special blue and white lamps). Preterm infants require additional treatment in the hospital. The best medicine for physiological jaundice of newborns is mother's milk.
Frequent feeding is "washed" by the children's body. In addition, early milk has a laxative effect and thus helps to bring out bilirubin more quickly. That's why it's so important to put the newborn to the breast as early as possible.
Early application is the best prevention of jaundice in newborns.