8 monthЧто умеет ребенок в 8 monthев?
- babbling as if speaking;
- understands and fulfills requests such as "give your hand," "tilt your head";
- plays games with the performance of simple actions ("Ladushki"), dances;
- has a strong fear of parting with his mother;
- clearly divides people into "their" and "strangers";
- frightened by sudden, unexpected sounds (vacuum cleaner, bell, dog barking);
- independently gets up and walks by the pedestal;
- independently sits;
- begins to actively creep;
- can bite off soft food and chew;
- goes from mashed potatoes to chopped food;
- calmly perceives planting on a pot.
С 8 monthев проходит следующий этап действий с предметами – этап «соотносящего» действия. Малыш уже умеет соотносить предмет с определенным местом в пространстве. Он вкладывает и вынимает предметы, укладывает на определенное место, нанизывает крупные предметы, перемещает предметы в определенном направлении, закрывает крышку коробочки, употребляет предмет в качестве оружия.
У ребенка 8 monthев появляются более тонкие движения пальцев – давайте ему коробочки разной формы. Ребенок может самостоятельно снимать и них крышки, с помощью взрослого закрывать. Можно предложить крохе доставать игрушки из мешочка, сшитого из яркой ткани, и складывать обратно.
The understanding of speech and dialogue with the adult pass to a new stage. Now the kid perfectly understands and fulfills such requests as "give me a pen", "pull the leg", "tilt your head", "give a toy". Particular pleasure is given to him by games and poteshki, where one must perform some simple actions: clapping hands, shaking his head, waving his hands, stamping his feet.
The child begins to show the adult what he wants to reach, what he wants to touch. He can look out the window at cars passing by or falling snowflakes for a long time. Differences in perception of associates are even more aggravated. In unfamiliar surroundings without a mother, a child experiences fear, sometimes close to panic. This is not a regress, but progress in development.
The baby is already so emotionally mature that it splits "his" and "someone else's", "familiar" and "unfamiliar" perfectly. Parental anxiety should not be caused precisely by presence, but the absence of such fears, or at least negative emotions for strangers - this indicates a certain delay in mental development (not to be confused with a medical diagnosis!) Or the creation of "greenhouse" conditions for the child.
The parents' task is to teach the child to keep the right distance with respect to strangers, so that he learns not to be afraid and feels confident, but at the same time he knew that blindly trusting everyone in a row is also not worth it.
At this age the child is frightened by sharp, unexpected sounds. This is also a new step - in the field of conscious perception of the baby now many different factors simultaneously appear. Introduce the child with such "noisy" domestic helpers, like a vacuum cleaner, kitchen appliances, a washing machine - let them listen to their sound, explain why they are needed.
If the child continues to fear them, turn them on less often. Having included, take a moment to crumbs - hug, kiss, say that you are near and understand how scary it is, but are forced to work with a frightening device. To abuse a child for his fear is by no means possible - a little man will feel doubly thrown!
К концу 8 monthа дети уже уверенно ползают, причем не обязательно вперед и на четвереньках. Есть малыши, которым больше нравится ползать на попке, или ножками вперед, пятится назад или боком. Все это – варианты нормы, и пугаться не следует. Поощряйте малыша к ползанию – оно способствует развитию мышечной системы, а также правильному формированию бинокулярного зрения, является профилактикой близорукости, улучшает координацию движений.
8 monthев – время, когда многие родители сажают ребенка в «ходунки». Безусловно, это прекрасное изобретение… для родителей. А для малыша вряд ли. Его неокрепшие мышечная и костная системы получают излишнюю нагрузку, поэтому следует ограничить пребывание крохи в ходунках часом-полутора в сутки.
In order not to bend constantly, it is better to get a "harness", in which the baby himself will adjust when walking. And when you drop to the floor and relax. To a child coached the body and learned to walk, you need massage and daily gymnastics. Some movements baby can and will gladly repeat for an adult. And somewhere he will need your help.
If a child has 4 teeth, it's time to switch from a puree to a finely ground meal. Let's crumb slices of soft foods - biscuits, fruits, cucumbers, carrots, potatoes, so that he can train in nibbling and chewing.
You can start learning to pot. If the baby sits confidently, drop it on the pot immediately after sleep and after eating. If the child categorically refuses to sit on the pot, do not insist, he will master this skill later, about 1.5 years. If the baby is sitting on the pot willingly, do not hold it on it for more than 10 minutes, even if nothing happened. If the result was positive, praise the baby. Do not give toys to the child sitting on the pot, so as not to distract him.
What to do
Crawling is the most important stage in the development of the child. To the kid learned to sit down himself, get up, walk, first he must stand on all fours. With the omission or change in the order of the basic movements, there is reason to think about the presence of functional disorders from the nervous system, about the imbalance of functions of interhemispheric coordination. Due to the plasticity of the child's body, these disorders can go away by themselves. And they can stay and turn around with problems with reading and writing, for example.
Crawling is also a natural exercise that trains all the muscles of the body. Insufficiently trained baby, early rising, often gets crooked legs, deformed chest, skewed spine.
In addition, walking requires more rigid control of the body, to which the brain and nervous system may not yet be ready. In the future, this is fraught with insufficient mobility of the muscular corset, various bodily clips and, as a consequence, psychosomatic diseases, hypertension, etc.
So, what can we do to make the crawl crawl better? To climb on your knees and elbows the following exercise in the bath will help: put your baby's belly on the bottom and gradually fill the tub with water. The water will lift the baby under the tummy, forcing to stand up. Be careful, however, so that the baby does not swallow the water and is not scared!
It's great if you have a home sports complex with rings and a hill. Visas on the rings or horizontal bar train the muscles of the hands (pay attention to the grip - the thumb should be at the bottom of the crossbar). First, support the baby, and then insure, unclasping your hands, but not removing them from the body crumbs - when he gets tired of hanging and slipping, you can instantly catch him.
Practice with the slide (if it is not at home, you can do it on the street). Hold the baby by the waist, put it down your head on the slope and start "descent". The kid will have nothing to do but stand on all fours ...
Learn to walk "in your arms": lift the baby's legs so that he gets up. Poke the baby back and forth - he will surely like it! The surface of the floor should not be slippery (this is bad laminate), but not too soft (like fluffy carpets). The child's clothing should be comfortable and not restrictive movements (you can generally do without it).
Leave the legs naked - the socks will slip, and the shoes will not give the opportunity to firmly rest against the entire foot. For crawling on a parquet or a laminate it is possible to lay woolen blankets and to fix them on edges that were not going to. It will be convenient for the child, and for you. It is warm and not painful, if suddenly "pecks a nose". And you can wash these blankets at least every day - and no problems with hygiene.